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Implementing effective social skill instruction across the continuum of SW-PBS supports. Tim Lewis, Ph.D. University of Missouri Lisa Powers, Ph.D. Special School District of St. Louis County. Universal. Matrix of school-wide expectations across settings List of problems = replacements

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Implementing effective social skill instruction across the continuum of sw pbs supports l.jpg

Implementing effective social skill instruction across the continuum of SW-PBS supports

Tim Lewis, Ph.D.

University of Missouri

Lisa Powers, Ph.D.

Special School District of

St. Louis County


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Universal

  • Matrix of school-wide expectations across settings

    • List of problems = replacements

    • “Scope and sequence” of social skills

  • Simple lessons with activities

  • Year long teaching schedule


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Benton


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Small Group

  • Students displaying social skill challenges as primary concern

  • Set of skills targeting common concerns

  • Set of clear generalisation strategies for classroom teachers to implement


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Individual

  • Social skill deficits / performance problem

  • Guided by functional behavioral assessment

  • Replacement “social skill” meets need

  • Environment supports use of new skill

    • High rates of reinforcement

    • New skill accesses previous function of problem behavior


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Definition- Social Competence

“Social competence represents an evaluative term based on judgments (given certain criteria) that a person has performed a task adequately. These judgments may be based on opinions of significant others (e.g., parents, teachers), comparisons to explicit criteria (e.g., number of social tasks correctly performed in relation to some criterion), or comparisons to some normative sample.” (Gresham, 1986, p. 146)


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Definition -Social Skills

Social skills are defined as "those behaviors which, within a given situation, predict important social outcomes" (Gresham, 1986, p. 5).

a) social skills are simply one facet of an overall construct of social competence – if taught in isolation you will never reach the larger objective of improved social functioning, b) they are linked to the environment in which they occur, and c) targeted skills should reflect the larger school set of behavioral expectations


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Assessment: Student Identification (Data, System)

Emphasize the use of existing data / assessment sources such as ODR, visits to discipline room, teacher referral, number of “buddy room” visits


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Assessment: Skill Selection(Data)

  • Teacher Ratings

  • Ratings by others

  • Direct Observation

    Must address the importance of discussing cultural, language, and other factors that impact perceptions of “appropriate” social skills


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Lesson Components(Practices)

  • rule for when to use the skill

  • set of useful skill variations

    • teach the rule (TELL)

    • demonstrate the skill (SHOW)

    • students practice the skill (PRACTICE)

    • review and test the skill (PRACTICE)

    • assign homework (PRACTICE)

      Teaching social skills follows the same format as teaching academic skills


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Promoting Maintenance and Generalization

Strategies To Use During Training (practices)

  • Use naturally occurring examples within role plays

  • Use naturally occurring reinforcers

  • Use language of school-wide PBS system

  • Pinpoint activities students likely to engage


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Promoting Maintenance and Generalization

Strategies To Use During Training (practices)

  • Train in the targeted setting

  • During training, include peers the target student(s) likely to encounter in the problem setting

  • Use a number of trainers or other adults during training

  • Continue training for a sufficient amount of time


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Promoting Maintenance and Generalization

Strategies to Use Within the Target Setting (system, policy)

  • Prompt students to display skill (Pre-Corrects)

  • Reinforce displays of skills in generalized settings using language of school-wide PBS system

  • Enlist a variety of others to prompt and reinforce skills in generalized settings

  • Individual contracts and behavior change plans

  • Group contingencies


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Top 10 Lessons Learned Developing Targeted Groups: Social Skills Clubs

Lisa Powers, Ph.D.

Michele Kelk, Ph.D.

Kate Bell, Ph.D.

Special School District of St. Louis County


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Pre-requisites

  • Establishing the System for Targeted Group (Social Skills)

    • Who will coordinate

    • Set goal

    • Involve parents/students/staff

    • Decide on a name

    • Team in place to review student data bi-monthly

    • Use existing structures/interventions currently in the school


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#10. School-wide systems firmly in place

  • Allows for efficient allocation of resources

  • Increases implementation by all staff/faculty

  • Student is “set-up” for success

  • Applied across all school settings


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#9. Develop a Student Selection/Screening Process

  • Develop an efficient referral system

    • Risk factors

    • Universal screening procedures

    • Discipline referrals

    • Teacher/parent/student nomination

    • Instructional time lost

    • Academic deficits

  • Skill deficit

  • Performance deficit

  • Perception deficit

  • Function of behavior


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#8.Identify and Implement Empirically Validated Curriculum/Materials

  • Bully Proofing your School

  • Cool Tools: An Active Approach to Social Responsibility

  • First Steps to Success

  • Good Talking Words

  • Second Step Violence-Prevention Curricula

  • Stop and Think

  • Skillstreaming

  • The Social Skills Curriculum

  • The Tough Kid Social Skills

  • The Walker Social Skills Curriculum: The Accepts Program


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Free Curriculum

  • http://pbiscompendium.ssd.k12.mo.us/

    • Electronic curriculum

    • 84 social skills lessons

    • Lesson design

    • Age appropriate activities

    • Role play rating sheets

    • Age appropriate homework sheets

    • Assessment surveys

    • Progress reports

Free!!!


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Social Skill Areas

  • Cooperation Skills

  • Assertion Skills

  • Friendship Skills

  • Empathy Skills

  • Self-Control Skills

  • School & Classroom Skills


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#7. Train and Support Social Skills Instructor(s)

  • Instructor fluency

  • Professional development

    • Model social skills instruction

    • Use a Direct Instruction Model format

    • Provide practice with feedback during training session

    • On-site coaching supporting participants implementation of social skills

    • Integrity of Implementation Checklist


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#6. Plan for Group Management and Group Membership

  • Group membership

    • Activities/Ice Breakers

  • Behavior management

  • Teach group expectations

    • Group rules

    • Role play rules

  • Reinforcement procedures

  • Consider size of group


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#5. Implement an Effective Instructional Model

  • Advance Organizer

    • Attention

    • Rationale ~ Rule for when to use the skill

    • Goal/Expectation

    • Review

  • Teach ~ Teach the rule/skill steps

  • Modeling ~ Demonstrate the skill

  • Role Play ~ Students practice the skill

  • Post Organizer

    • Review and test

    • Preview

    • Cue Use ~ Assign homework


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#4. Plan for Generalization

Communication, Communication, Communication

  • Coordinate classroom lessons connected to targeted group social skills

  • Public posting, skill and skill steps

    • School-wide

    • Classrooms

  • Monday Memo: Skill of the Week

  • Discuss Skill of the Week during staff meetings

  • Reinforcement tickets weekly, skill connected to school-wide expectations (include skill steps)

  • Frequent feedback to staff/student connected to reinforcement tickets

  • School-wide video

  • Visual cues or prompts for students posted in student folder


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#3 Evaluate Academic and Behavior Outcomes

  • Grades

  • DIBELS/CBM

  • Attendance

  • SSRS

  • ODR

  • Surveys (Parents, Teachers, Students)

  • Integrity of Implementation Checklist


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“It taught me more how to become a better person and pull my grades up and now I am never in the office.” 3rd grade student

“What I like best about the program are the skills that were taught. If I could practice these skills a little more it would be helpful.” 5th grade student


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#2 Share Success with Staff/Community/School Board

Celebrate!


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# 1 Use Research to Guide the Development and Restructuring of Social Skills Groups

  • A Big Thanks to PBIS.org

    • Research is Trustworthy, User Friendly, & Assessable

    • Is School-wide Positive Behavior Support an Evidence-based Practice?

  • Peer Reviewed Journals


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