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開發精確的思考 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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開發精確的思考. 文字取材 : 陶國璋. 思考與概念 本章介紹思考的基本原素 — 概念。人類之思維特點是能高度抽象;我們的人文世界就是高度抽象思維所建構的結果。我們活在政治 ﹑ 經濟結構的社會裏;也生活在道德 ﹑ 藝術和宗教的領域裏。這些不同的領域,不再與自然世界同質。換言之,自然世界只是一個質料的供應所,而人文世界則是高一序的再創造。前者是“第一自然”;後者則是“第二自然”。. 我們為何會發展出這種高度抽象思維的能力 ﹖ 人類學家 ﹑ 語言學家都希望找出答案。不過問題的根源尚未解決,所以我們暫且放下這些問題,就可知的範圍,討論思考與概念之間的關係。

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開發精確的思考

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() ()


()



()


()


(Concept Idea)

(concept) (meaning) (image) (idea) (connotation)


(image)


(conceptualize)





(Conceptual Thinking Pictorial Thinking)

1 + 1 2



1 + 1 = 2




(immediate language)


(mediate language)


(Particular Universal)


(to represent)




object-words logic-words formal-words


(all) (some) (is) (is not) (or) (and) (if then)(equivalent)


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