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MARCH 11-14, 2011 EXAMPLES OF NO PLACE TO GO AND NO ONE TO RESCUE. JAPAN AFTER 2:46 PM, MARCH 11. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA. THE EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT.

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March 11 14 2011 examples of no place to go and no one to rescue l.jpg

MARCH 11-14, 2011EXAMPLES OF NO PLACE TO GO AND NO ONE TO RESCUE

JAPAN

AFTER 2:46 PM, MARCH 11

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA


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THE EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT

The MEGA-earthquake, which struck at 2:46 pm on Friday, March 11th, would have caused a disaster….


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THE EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT

…BUT JAPAN was well prepared to cope with it.


A 7 10 m tsunam followed in about 10 minutes l.jpg
A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 10 MINUTES

Japan was well prepared to cope with a tsunami, but ….


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A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 10 MINUTES

This tsunami was devastating, inun-dating towns, im-mobilizing airports and roads, destroy-ing buildings, and treating everything (e.g., people, cars) in its path as debris.




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TSUNAMI HAZARDS (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)

  • HIGH-VELOCITY, LONG-PERIOD WATER WAVES

  • WAVE RUNUP

  • FLOODING

  • WAVE RETREAT

  • SHORELINE EROSION


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ADVANCE WARNING AND VERTICAL EVACUATION ARE THE KEYS TO SURVIVING A TSUNAMI

ON MARCH 11TH, MANY PEOPLE HAD TOO LITTLE WARNING AND NO PLACE TO GO


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NATURAL HAZARDS FOR WHICH EVACUATION IS TYPICAL SURVIVING A TSUNAMI

FLOODS

GOAL: MOVE PEOPLE OUT OF HARM’S WAY

HURRICANES

TYPHOONS

HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR SAVING LIVES, BUT LOW BENEFIT/COST FOR PROTECTING PROPERTY

TSUNAMIS

VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS

WILDFIRES


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CAUSES OF DAMAGE SURVIVING A TSUNAMI

HIGH VELOCITY IMPACT OF INCOMING WAVES

INLAND DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP

VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP

INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS

TSUNAMIS

FLOODING

“DISASTER LABORATORIES”

INADEQUATE HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL EVACUATION

PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI



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KNOWING OF THE STORY.WHERE, WHEN, AND WHY A TSUNAMI OCCURS IS A VITAL PART OF THE ART AND SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENT EVACUATION.


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INTELLIGENT EVACUATION OF THE STORY.:LEAVE THE AREA OR EVACUATE VERTICALLY

  • LEAVE, IF ENOUGH ADVANCE WARNING

  • EVACUATE TO A TALL BUILDING OR A HIGHER ELEVATION TO GET BEYOND REACH OF THE TSUNAMI’S WAVE RUNUP.


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THE ART AND SCIENCE OF KNOWING WHEN TO EVACUATE OF THE STORY.BEFORE A TSUNAMI WAVE ARRIVES AND WHERE TO GO CAN BE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH.


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EVACUATION FOR A TSUNAMI IS COMPLICATED BY: OF THE STORY.1) THE SHORT TIME BETWEEN THE EARTHQUAKE AND THE TSUNAMI WAVE ARRIVAL, AND 2)DAMAGE AND LOSS OF FUNCTION TO BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE AND ITS AFTERSHOCK SEQUENCE.


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WHEN YOU CHOOSE NOT TO EVACUATE, OF THE STORY.OR YOU ARE UNABLE TO EVACUATE, THE ODDS FOR SURVIVAL ARE LOWER, BECAUSE ---


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YOU CAN’T OUTRUN OR DIVERT OF THE STORY.10-M-HIGH, DEBRIS-LADEN, OCEAN WAVE THAT ARRIVES WITH A HIGH VELOCITY (E.G., 30+ KM/HR) AND MOVES RAPIDLY INLAND FOR 2-3 KM, OR MORE




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INUNDATION OF THE STORY.


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TSUNAMI DAMAGE OF THE STORY.


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TSUNAMI DAMAGE OF THE STORY.


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TSUNAMI DAMAGE OF THE STORY.


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SEARCH AND RESCUE IS OFTEN THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, BUT IT HAS LIMITS

ON MARCH 14TH, SOME SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS FOUND NO ONE TO RESCUE


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NATORI: NO ONE TO RESCUE; MARCH 14 SURVIVAL, BUT IT HAS LIMITS



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NO ONE TO RESCUE SURVIVAL, BUT IT HAS LIMITS


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