Building a World Power. The Purchase of Alaska. Many Americans thought it was foolish for the US to buy Alaska from Russia in 1867 because it was so far away and so unknown It cost America $7.2 million , that’s 2 cents an acre
The United States was the biggest market for Hawaii's sugar. The transplanted planters longed for Hawaii to become part of the United States so they wouldn't have to worry about tariffs. The U.S. minister to Hawaii, John L. Stevens, was anxious to annex the islands as well. Sensing this, Queen Liliuokalani was on the verge of imposing a new Constitution shifting power back to the monarchy - but she never got the chance.
On Jan. 16, 1893, U.S. Marines landed in Honolulu armed with Howitzer cannons and carbines. A group of 18 men - mostly American sugar farmers - staged a coup, proclaiming themselves the "provisional government" of Hawaii. Stevens gave immediate recognition to them as Hawaii's true government.
William Randolph Hearst
"Benevolent Assimilation" Proclamation of President William McKinley December 21, 1898
…It will be the duty of the commander of the forces of occupation to announce and proclaim in the most public manner that we come not as invaders or conquerors, but as friends, to protect the natives in their homes, in their employment, and in their personal and religious rights. All persons who . . . cooperate with the Government of the United States . . . will receive the reward of its support and protection. All others will be brought within the lawful rule we have assumed, with firmness if need be, but without severity, so far as may be possible…
The United States McKinley December 21, 1898needs colonies to compete economically.
Supporting an empire would be a financial burden.
It is Americas’ destiny to expand and
its duty to care for the weak and poor.
The U.S. should concentrate its energies on solving our problems at home
It’s only honorable to keep land that
Americans lost their lives for.
Nonwhite people can’t be assimilated into American society.
It’s a violation of democratic principles
not offering its people the same rights as those of American citizens.
To Abandon those territories makes the U.S. appear cowardly before the world.
Being a World Power would involve the U.S in more wars.
To be a true World Power, the U.S. needs colonies and Naval bases.