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How to offer more to the users. Nadežda Andrejčíková, Jana Šubová (Cosmotron) Jarmila Podolníková, Zdeněk Lenhart (CITeM). Presentation content. interoperability. metadata schemes rules for their filling. knowledge organization systems authority files resource classification systems.

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How to offer more to the users

How to offer more to the users

Nadežda Andrejčíková, Jana Šubová (Cosmotron)

Jarmila Podolníková, Zdeněk Lenhart (CITeM)


How to offer more to the users

Presentation content

interoperability

metadata schemes

rules for their filling

knowledge organization systems

authority files

resource classification systems


How to offer more to the users

Interoperability- a brief revision

  • definition:

  • the creation of information systems as well as organization culture should be managed so that the exchange and the repeated use of information resources on all levels would be ensured to the highest possible extent[MILLER]

  • a broadscale term, which includes areas from data structure via searching for net sources, to their naming including service architecture. [LAGOZE]

  • the ability of systems, information and communication technologies and working processes which support these systems, mutually share and multiply use data and knowledge[ARMS]

  • + on-line without necessity of further handling with them[ANDREJČÍKOVÁ]


How to offer more to the users

Interoperability – a brief revision

  • levels:

  • organizational

  • technical

  • semantic


How to offer more to the users

Metadata a metadata schemes

  • definition:

  • everything we can get about any information object regardless of the level of its aggregation [GILL]

  • describe basic characteristics:

  • content

  • context

  • structure


How to offer more to the users

Metadata and rules in memory institutions

institution type

metadata schemes

rules and models

libraries

MARC formats ( also XML base)

AACR2, RDA

ISBD

FRAD, FRSAD, FRBR (FRBRoo)

GAAR

archives

EAD

ISAD, ISAAR

museums and galleries

VRA Core

CDWA

CCO

universal

DublinCore

CIDOC CRM


How to offer more to the users

Semantic interoperability achievement on the metadata scheme level [CHAN - ZENG]

  • methods in three groups:

  • scheme level

  • record level

  • repository level

  • the most used methods:

  • derivation

  • application profiles creation

  • mapping

  • using of a mediator, framework or register

  • etc.

  • [CHAN, L. M. – ZENG, M. L. Metadata interoperability and standardization : a study of methodology. Part I]


How to offer more to the users

Conceptual models

  • FRBR

  • 1997 - FRBR – 1st version

  • update version FRBR - 2009

  • aim: to create a generalized bibliography domain view which would be dependent neither on any formats used for recording and exchanging of catalogue records nor on particular implementations

  • three entity groups:

    • results of the intellectual effort

    • responsibility for products in the first group

    • entities which express the subject of the products identified in the first group

  • FRSAD, FRAD


How to offer more to the users

Conceptual models

  • CIDOC CRM

  • common conceptual model for the achievement of the advanced information integration

  • aim: exchange and information sharing in heterogeneous cultural heritage resources

  • version 2010: 90 classes, 148 properties

  • describing through events – temporary entities

  • FRBR + CIDOC CRM = FRBRoo


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • NK ČR = National Library of the Czech Republic

  • requirements of museums, archives etc.:

  • for authorities

  • deeper information content

  • better elaborated mutual relations (conceptual model)

  • user friendly (not insist on MARC)

  • interest focus:

  • museums – persons and mainly subject terms

  • archives – corporation bodies

  • preservationists – geographic terms


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • investigator: CITeM, Moravian Museum in Brno

  • aims:

  • functional cooperation model when creating and using national authority database

  • harmonization possibilities used in local thesaurus and dictionary variations

  • to create and keep service capacity for national authorities administration used in museums and galleries

  • restrictions:

  • personal authorities


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • changes:

  • separate database virtually extending national authorities records by further information fields

  • creating relation from all identifiable entities (places, corporate bodies, persons, terms) used in the particular personal authority record to individual authorities records

  • describing relations among related data (dates, places, corporate bodies, persons, circumstances) through so-called event construction that is consistent with the conceptual model CIDOC CRM (ISO 21127:2006)

  • relations to supplement information (especially picture) through URL

  • resources citation in the form conformable to ISO 690 that can be directly used for publication creating

  • resources citation connected to the central shared citations catalogue that allowed unified bibliographic description for multiple usage without work multiplicity


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • Added museum fields:

  • all the fields used by libraries are maintained

  • heading (100), property (678), resource (670), see (400), see also (500), url (856), note (680) and others

  • added simple fields: nationality, sex, CV

  • added complicated fields:

    • resources – citation according to ISO 690

    • key words – relations to subject authority records

    • events – relations to places, dates, persons, corporate bodies (structural, machine-readable, parallel to CV, correspond to a conceptual model, interconnect authority records among one another)


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • pilot solution: cooperationCITeM - Cosmotron

  • separate database for MA (museum authorities)

  • synchronization with NA (national authorities)

    • MA=>NA via Z39.50 (small amount, „container“)

    • NA=>MA file changes once a week

  • z-client (non-user friendly)

  • on-line editor

  • browser

  • web services

  • XML structure


How to offer more to the users

Project: Authorities in the environment of museums and galleries – interoperability with the NK ČR

  • pilot solution: cooperation of four museums and galleries

  • over 3000 personal records in museum authorities

  • 314 new personal, 94 new corporate, over 100 new geographic and almost 100 new subject authorities in National authorities files of the Czech Republic

  • 198 corrected records in National authorities files of the Czech Republic

  • tested communication with Demus (SW for a register of museum collections)


How to offer more to the users

Project – editor of museum authorities


How to offer more to the users

Project – editor – events

Editor MA


How to offer more to the users

Project– editor – fields


How to offer more to the users

What does it mean for searching?


How to offer more to the users

Entities and properties

E21.Person

E20.BiologicalObject / E39.Actor

E7.Activity

E5.Event – E4.Period – E2.TemporaryEntity

entity

superordinate entities

E52.Time–Span

E1.CRMEntity

E53.Place

E1.CRMEntity

E55.Type

E28.ConceptualObject

E40.LegalBody

E74.Group – E39.Actor

E69.Death

E63.BeginningOfExistence – E5.Event – E4.Period – E2.TemporaryEntity

E67.Birth

E64.EndOfExistence – E5.Event – E4.Period – E2.TemporaryEntity


How to offer more to the users

Entity and properties

P14.CarredOutBy

E7.Activity

E39.Actor

P4.HasTimeSpan

E2.TemporaryEntity

E52.Time–Span

characteristic

domain

range

P12.OccuredInThePresenceOf

E5.Event

E77.PersistentItem

P2.HasType

E1.CRMEntity

E55.Type

P7.TookPlaceAt

E4.Period

E53.Place

P100.WasDeathOf

E69.Death

E21.Person

P98.BroughtIntoLife

E67.Birth

E21.Person


How to offer more to the users

And what about bibliographichic records?

Vieme odpovedať na otázku typu – do koľkých jazykov bolo preložené dielo autora xy?


How to offer more to the users

And what about bibliographichic records?


How to offer more to the users

And what about bibliographichic records?


How to offer more to the users

Thank you for your attention

Nadežda Andrejčíková ([email protected])

Jana Šubová ([email protected])

Jarmila Podolníková ([email protected])

Zdeněk Lenhart ([email protected])


How to offer more to the users

Resources

ANDREJČÍKOVÁ, Nadežda. Autority ako nástroj interoperability v pamäťových a fondových inštitúciách : dissertation. Bratislava, 2010.

ARMS, W. Y. et al. A spectrum of interoperability : the site for science prototype for the NSDL. In DLib Magazine [online]. January 2002 [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available on the Internet: <http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january02/arms/01arms.html>.

GILL, T. Metadata and the web : introduction to metadata [online]. 2008 [cit. 2011-05-30]. Available on the Internet: <http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/metadata.pdf >.

CHAN, L. M. – ZENG, M. L. Metadata interoperability and standardization : a study of methodology. Part I. In DLib Magazine [online]. Jun 2006, vol. 12 no.6. [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available on the Internet: <http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june06/chan/06chan.html>.

CHAN, L. M. – ZENG, M. L. Metadata interoperability and standardization : a study of methodology. Part II. In DLib Magazine [online]. Jun 2006, vol. 12 no.6. [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available on the Internet: <http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june06/zeng/06zeng.html>.

LAGOZE, C. (ed.). Core Services in the Architecture of the National Digital Library for Science Education (NSDL). In arXiv [online]. [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available on the Internet: <http://arxiv.org/ftp/cs/papers/0201/0201025.pdf>.

MILLER, Paul. Interoperability : what is it and why should I want it? In Ariadne [online]. Issue 24, 21-June-2000 [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available on the Internet: <http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/interoperability/intro.html>.


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