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二作区马铃薯节水施肥栽培现状及 技术对策 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 庞万福 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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二作区马铃薯节水施肥栽培现状及 技术对策 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 庞万福. 中国马铃薯生产分布. In 2006: Acreage: 5.342 M ha Prod.: 83.12 M ton Yield: 15.56ton/ha. 栽培区域划分. 种植面积 49% ,产量 种薯产地 加工原料薯生产基地 鲜食商品薯. 北方一季作区. Ⅰ. 中原二季作区. - 种植面积 5% - 早熟菜用 - 出口 - 高产. Ⅱ. Ⅳ. 西南混作区. - 面积 39% - 增长快 - 加工 - 粮食. -面积: 7%

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二作区马铃薯节水施肥栽培现状及 技术对策 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 庞万福

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5752225


5752225

In 2006:

Acreage: 5.342 M ha

Prod.: 83.12 M ton

Yield: 15.56ton/ha


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  • 49%

  • -5%

  • -

  • -

  • -

  • -39%

  • -

  • -

  • -

7%


2008 8000 8000 40

20088000800040%


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2.8m37%1/4131093/481%64.1%519m31/51/20,,10.155%200-250251-400


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  • 128

  • 1/4

    • 100%55%57%58%63%65%76%


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  • 1500--80078+-

  • 2...20099 23 20016 112.82012

  • 372%90%20%30


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920.1 4793.6

826.8 2167.8

697.7 697.7

634.7 1190.9

574.6 1560.6

495.6 2082.7

489.7 518.2

326.5 1208.7

247.2 951.6

220.0 519.1

204.69 306.69


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23 561245 121 4


4 6 20mm 54 80

4620mm,5480

  • 57

  • 66

  • 73

  • 78

  • 81


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2356678;

;

46150kg 200kg 200kg


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(,2008)


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22cm 0.10.2/3%8%4%8%3%4%


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10001200mm400-600mm50 8089012


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---

  • 10


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  • 1/41/280%

  • 1

  • 2 3 4%~11%7.5%0.1-0.2 g/cm3

  • 3

  • 4


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(mm) (kg/) (kg.mm.)

206.14 2707.26. 13.13

245.33 2301.70 9.38

-15.84% 17.62%

206.47 2667.35 12.92

240.81 2202.6 9.15

-14.26% 21.1%

196.42 1840.8 9.37

211.93 1509.1 7.12

-7.32% 21.98%


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  • 1.1995-2004103595t()46368t10418t22546500t46974.2t474.2t1.020105460303040506030357080102535652005K2O663t2642t25.130 1323735400225


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1975

(

kg/10hm2

40kg/kg60kg/kg17kg/kg


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  • 40030%10%8030150-20020

    2. 7%35%90%

    3. 200446368t28314t13381t4673t10401012038t25


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4.

()40t7.08t5316t(2176t870t2270t)1800t3430


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5.31101996-2000()3649kg(2525kg)2796kg(1841kg)38lkg312kg470kg309kg15733hm26000hm2 1316950


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6.


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7

  • 32400960%2003002.47%8%


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1.

2.

12152/31/38%10%


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0.51;

//21/,,, (),,55% 80%35% 50%60% 70%


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,,,,7.3~7.9; -24. 0~55. 8,,NH3NO3--N,

,(DCD), 39.77%44.67%,10. 6713. 96,4.692.32


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50

75/ 32.838.328353310


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  • %

  • H3BO3 B17.5

  • Na2B4O710H2O 11.3

  • H2B4O7MgSO4 1.5

  • Ca(H2PO4)2H3BO3 0.6 (NH4)2MoO4 MO49

  • Na2MoO4 39

  • 918

  • ZnSO47H2OZn 24 ZnCl2 48

  • ZnO 80 MnSO43H2O Mn2628 MnCl2 19 FeSO47H2O Fe19 CuSO45H2O Cu25


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()

N1.11-1.23%;

P: 0.25-0.27%

K: 1.78-2.00%

30g ,

N0.26g; N15.6kg/hm2;

P: 0.034g; P2.04kg/hm2

K: 0.56g K33.6kg/hm2

60000plants//hm2


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(N)

(: , :)


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1


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8 (mg/kg) )

Zn 43.0 247.0 96.2 B 4.5 52.0 20.2 Mo 0.84 4.18 2.06 Mn 75.0 549.0 201.1 Cu 7.6 40.8 15.6

(9 (%,) )

S 0.86 1.02 0.84 1.05 1.22 MgO 0.52 0.56 0.76 0.54 0.61

CaO 1.29 1.86 2.49 2.46 1.25

S 2.45 1.48 2.32 1.38 2.16

MgO 0.28 0.16 0.56 0.12 0.30 CaO 0.81 0.56 1.28 0.15 1.66


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  • 50mg/L

  • 2.0mg/L

  • 2.0mg/L

  • 1.5mg/L

  • 0.5mg/L


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% / %

0.010.05 12 0.040.1

0.050.1 14 0.050.2

0.020.1 26 0.050.2

0.050.1 26 0.050.1

0.050.1 48 0.050.1

0.010.05 12 0.020.04

0.751.0

0.751.0


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  • (Dual) , ,72%1.53.5 L/hm2,, (Harness) , ,50%2.253.0 L/hm2, 90%1.41.85 L/hm2( Proponit) , ,72%1.53.5 L/hm2( Flutrix) , ,, 48%1.52.0 L/hm22.6 L/hm2( Titus) , , 25%7590 g/ hm2, , 24 , 5cm , ,


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  • 12 %


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  • 2.1 2.2 23 203023 24 2530 25


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1

23

45


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3

  • 75%0.3--0.5%


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1 ;

2 93;

3 2.5--20Wigginton19742.5 85510315221--357710461532185%93%;

4 1%10%21%3%-5%21%

35


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  • 5.

  • 5.10.16%0.016%2700.25050230

  • 5.2 15ml20g100g1kg50kg

  • 5.3++503-5


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  • 10-15


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5752225

  • Propineb ()

  • mancozeb ()

  • Iprodione ()()

  • copper products ()

  • Azoxystrobin ()

  • phosethyl-Al ()

  • Flumorph ()

  • Dimethomorph ()

  • Iprovalicarb ()

  • metalaxyl ()

  • cymoxanil ()

  • propamocarb ()


Pvy tnt

PVY-TNT


5752225


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