Bullying Prevention, Response, and Support. Mary Combi. What is Bullying?.
Bullying Prevention, Response, and Support
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Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.
In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:
An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.
Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.
Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
Effects of Bullying
Bullying can affect everyone—those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide. It is important to talk to kids to determine whether bullying—or something else—is a concern.
Prevention Programs for the Community
Community Action Planning
The Community Action Toolkit includes materials to create a community event using the research, ideas and bullying prevention and response strategies (http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/in-the-community/community-action-planning/index.html)
Prevention in Schools
"Matt's Safe School Law," a law passed in 2011 to address bullying in schools.
The law requires districts to have a bullying policy in place and calls for informing parents of both parties involved in a bullying incident.
Prevention in Schools
Bullying can threaten students’ physical and emotional safety at school and can negatively impact their ability to learn.
The best way to address bullying is to stop it before it starts.
Ready, Set, Respect! - A toolkit for elementary educators
Developed to help elementary educators ensure that all students feel safe and respected and develop respectful attitudes and behaviors. This resource provides a set of tools to help educators prepare themselves for teaching about respect to students at the elementary school level.
Designed to help educators create a safe space for LGBT youth in schools, this guide provides concrete strategies for supporting LGBT students, educating about anti-LGBT bias and advocating for changes in your school. The kit also shows how to assess the school's climate, policies and practices and outlines ways to advocate for change inside the school.
There are two kinds of cyberbullying, direct attacks (messages sent to your kids directly) and cyberbullying by proxy (using others to help cyberbully the victim, either with or without the accomplice's knowledge). Because cyberbullying by proxy often gets adults involved in the harassment, it is much more dangerous.