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Module 6 - Bridges . Cisco Fundamentals of Wireless LANs version 1.2. Overview. Designed to connect two or more networks, typically located in different buildings, wireless bridges deliver high data rates and superior throughput for data-intensive, line-of-sight applications.

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Module 6 bridges l.jpg

Module 6 - Bridges

Cisco Fundamentals of Wireless LANs version 1.2


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Overview

  • Designed to connect two or more networks, typically located in different buildings, wireless bridges deliver high data rates and superior throughput for data-intensive, line-of-sight applications.

  • The bridges connect hard to wire sites, noncontiguous floors, satellite offices, school or corporate campus settings, temporary networks, and warehouses.

  • The high-speed links between the wireless bridges deliver throughput many times faster than E1/T1 lines for a fraction of the cost, thus eliminating the need for expensive leased lines or difficult to install fiber-optic cable.

802.11a (We will be using 1300 bridges)


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Bridge Connection


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Bridging Defined

  • Bridges are used to connect two or more wired LAN’s, usually located within separate buildings, to create one large LAN.


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Technology Comparisons

Installation Cost

Monthly Cost (USD)

Barriers to Implement

Technology

Dialup or 56K

Remote locations

$0 to $250

$25 to $50

Cable/DSL

$0 to $250+

$25 to $150

Reliability

E1, T1

$250 to $1,000+

$400 to $1000+

Availability

Recurring Cost

$5,000 to $200,000+

Physical obstructions

Fiber

$0

Licensing, Weather

Microwave

$15,000+

$0

$2,000 to $15,000

802.11

$0

Interference


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RBOC

DS1

DS1

DS3

New remote office

- No DS1 connection available

Traditional WAN Connectivity

Monthly Leased Line OpEx

2 DS1: $600

1 DS3: $5000

TOTAL: $5600

RBOC provides guaranteed level of service via a Service Level Agreement (SLA)


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2 Mbps

2 Mbps

22 Mbps

5 Mbps

802.11b Connectivity

Monthly Line Cost

2 DS1: $600

1 Fractional DS3: $3000

TOTAL: $3600

Wireless Installation Cost

7 350 Series Bridges Installed: $12,500 USD

Pay Back Period: 3 months

New building connected

Self managed


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14 Mbps

14 Mbps

50 Mbps

27 Mbps

802.11g Connectivity

Americas – Point-to-Point

• 4.5 miles (7 km) at 54 Mbps

• 14 miles (23 km) at 11 Mbps

Monthly Line Cost

2 DS1: $600

1 DS3: $5000

TOTAL: $5600

Wireless Installation Cost

7 1400 Series Bridges Installed: $40,000 USD

Pay Back Period: 8 months

New building connected

Self managed


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Role in Radio Network

  • Role in Radio Network

    • Determines functionality within WLAN

    • Determines which type of clients will be supported

File Server

BR350 or BR1310

Workgroup Bridge

Bridge

Access Point (repeater mode)

PCI Card

PC Card


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BR1310

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9-R

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9

Bridges

  • Cisco bridges can be controlled and configured though command line and web interfaces.

  • Management can also be done through traditional protocols like SNMP.


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Bridge roles in the network

  • The Cisco bridges can be configured to operate in different modes.

  • The BR350, or multifunction bridge, has the same receiver sensitivity, power levels, and capabilities, as the Cisco Aironet APs with .11b radio chips.

  • This means that while operating in AP mode, the Cisco Aironet multi-function bridge can be configured as a fully IEEE 802.11 compliant AP, which will support wireless clients

VxWorks


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Parent-Child Relationship: Root - Non-Root


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Bridge roles in the network

  • Root Access Point—Use this setting to set up the bridge as a rugged access point connected to the wired LAN.

Root Access Point


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Bridge roles in the network

  • Rootbridge—One bridge in each group of bridges must be set as the root bridge. A root bridge can only communicate with non-root bridges and other client devices and cannot associate with another root bridge.

Root Bridge


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Bridge roles in the network

  • Non-Root Bridgew/Clients—Use this setting for non-root bridges that will accept associations from client devices, and for bridges acting as repeaters. Non-root bridges can communicate with other non-root bridges, root bridges, and client devices.

Non-Root Bridge with Clients


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Bridge roles in the network

  • Non-Root Bridge w/oClients—Use this setting for non-root bridges that should not accept associations from client devices. A bridge set to Non-Root Bridge w/o Clients will only communicate with a root or non-root bridge.

Non-Root Bridge without Clients


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Bridge roles in the network

  • Repeater AccessPoint—Use this setting to set up the bridge as a rugged repeater access point. A repeater access point is not connected to the wired LAN; it is placed within radio range of an access point connected to the wired LAN to extend the range of your infrastructure or to overcome an obstacle that blocks radio communication.

Repeater Access Point


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Power Options


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BR350—Front Cover LED’s


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LED indicators

  • When the bridge is powering on, all three LEDs normally blink.

  • After bootup, the colors of the LEDs represent the following:

    • GreenLEDs indicate normal activity.

    • Amber LEDs indicate errors or warnings.

    • Red LEDs mean the unit is not operating correctly or is being upgraded.

Troubleshooting BR350 Bridges


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Bridge Model

BR350

802.11b Bridge

Standard Cable (6.7 dB/100 ft. loss)

(6.7 dB/30.5 m)

Data Rate

Max. Distance

Miles Km

Optional Antenna

11 Mbps

20.5 33.0

21 dBi Dish

50 ft (15.2m)/side

11 Mbps

32.7 52.5

21 dBi Dish

20 ft (6.1m)/side

5.5 Mbps

32.6 52.4

21 dBi Dish

50 ft (15.2m)/side

2 Mbps

41.0 66.0

21 dBi Dish

50 ft (15.2m)/side

1 Mbps

51.7 83.2

21 dBi Dish

50 ft (15.2m)/side

Note: Distances over 25 miles or 40 Km are very hard to align and install!


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802.11b Common Questions

Cisco Aironet Bridge

How Fast?

2 Mbps

Max data rate

11 Mbps

Typical throughput

5.5 Mbps

1.4 Mbps

How Far?

3.6 Miles 5.8 Km

7.3 miles 11.7 Km

Yagi antenna

20.5 Miles 33 Km

25+ miles 40+ Km

Dish antenna

Note: All distances may be limited by governing bodies and standards.


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Optional 2.4GHz Antennas for Long Range

  • 13.5 dBi Yagi

    • Distances over

      • 7.3 miles @ 2 Mbps

      • 11.7 Km @ 2 Mbps

      • 3.6 miles @ 11 Mbps

      • 5.8 Km @ 11 Mbps

  • 21 dBi Solid Dish

    • For distances up to

      • 25+ miles @ 2 Mbps

      • 40+ Km @ 2 Mbps

      • 20.5 miles @ 11 Mbps

      • 33 Km @ 11 Mbps

Note: Distances include 50 feet of low loss cable and 10 dB fade margin


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Richardson

Elementary

Yagi

Weaver-

Special Education

Dish

Roberts

Middle School

Dish

High School 2 Bridges

One 12 dBi omni

One Dish

Administration

2 Bridges

One 12 dBi omni

One Yagi

Channel #1

Channel #6

Bolich

Middle School

Yagi

Channel #11

Price

Elementary

Yagi

Dewitt Elementary

Yagi

802.11b Bridge Application: School District

Bode

Elementary

Yagi

Lincoln

Elementary

Yagi


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Connecting to the Bridge

  • There are 3 basic GUI interfaces depending on the bridge image:

    • IOS 1400

    • VxWorks BR350

    • SOS WGB350


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1300 with IOS GUI


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BR350 with VxWorks GUI

BR350 Configuration Guide


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WGB350 with SOS GUI ad SOS Menu


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Resetting the Bridge

  • Resetting the Cisco bridges depends on the model.

  • The BR350, can be reset via the console, telnet, or browser connection.

    • If the password is unknown, then the console reset method is required.

    • The console port on the BR350.

    • The :resetall command can be used after rebooting the bridge, however the command must be entered within 2 minutes of rebooting.

  • The 350 Series Workgroup Bridge or the 1300 series bridge can be reset to default values via the Reset button, telnet, or browser connection.


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Default Settings for BR350 and 1300


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Basic Configuration

Will will not use or discuss all of the configuration options and features.


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BR350 Home Page (Summary Status)


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BR350 Map Link

  • The Map link opens the Map window, which contains links to every management page.

  • The Map window can be used to jump quickly to any system management page, or to a map of the entire wireless network


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BR350 Network Link


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BR350 Associations Link


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BR350 Setup Link

  • The Setup link displays the Setup page, which contains links to the management pages with configuration settings.


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BR350 Logs Link


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BR350 - Basic Configuration

  • Connect just like an AP, suggest wired GUI.

  • Remember to set the IP address on your Ethernet NIC.


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Root Bridge and Non-Root Bridges


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Non-Root Bridge without ClientsRepeater Bridge


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Bridge as Root Access Point


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Bridge as Repeater Access Point


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Root Radio Identification configuration

  • The current IP subnet mask displayed under the setting shows the IP subnet mask currently assigned to the bridge. This is the same subnet mask as the default subnet mask unless DHCP or BOOTP is enabled. If DHCP or BOOTP is enabled, this is the subnet mask used by the DHCP or BOOTP server.

  • You can also enter this setting on the Express Setup page.


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Root Radio Identification Page

  • Primary Port Settings: Two options allow for the designation of the radio port as the primary port on the bridge:

  • Primary Port? The primary port determines the MAC and IP addresses of the bridge.

    • The default primary port of the bridge is the Ethernet port.

    • The Ethernet port is connected to the wired LAN, so this setting is usually set to no.

    • Select no to set the Ethernet port as the primary port.

    • Select yes to set the radio port as the primary port.

  • Adopt Primary Port Identity?

    • Select yes, to adopt the primary port MAC and IP addresses for the radio port.

    • Select no to use different MAC and IP addresses for the radio port. Bridges acting as root units adopt the primary port settings for the radio port.

      • When putting a bridge in standby mode, select no for this setting.


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Root Radio Hardware configuration

  • Similar to an AP.


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Root Radio Hardware configuration


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Ethernet Identification configuration

  • Addressing is similar to Root Radio options


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Ethernet Hardware configuration


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Ethernet Hardware configuration


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Configuring time services


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Configuring boot services


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Configuring name services


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Configuring routing services


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Configuring routing services

  • Manage Installation Keys is used to read specifications of the software license and to install a new license.

  • Manage System Configuration is used to restart the device, download a configuration file, or reset settings to factory defaults.

  • Distribute Configurationto other Cisco Devices is used to send the configuration of the device to other Cisco Aironet devices on the network.

  • Distribute Firmware to other Cisco Devices is used to send a new firmware version to other Cisco Aironet devices on the network.


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CDP


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Distribute Firmware to Other Cisco Devices


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Hot Standby Management


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1310 Series Bridge

802.11g wireless bridge


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Overview

  • The Cisco Aironet 1300 Series Wireless Bridge is a high-performance 801.11g wireless bridge designed to connect multiple LANs in a metropolitan area.

  • Designed to be a cost-effective alternative to leased lines, it is engineered specifically for harsh outdoor environments. The features of the 1300 include:

BR1310

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9-R

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9


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Overview

BR1310

  • Support for both point-to-point or point-to-multipoint configurations

  • Support data rates up to 54 Mbps

  • Enhanced security mechanisms based on 802.11i standards

  • Rugged enclosure optimized for harsh outdoor environments with extended operating temperature range

  • Integrated or optional external antennas for flexibility in deployment


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Overview

  • Data rates of 54 Mbps can be enabled for point-to-point links up to 4.5 miles, and for point-to-multipoint links up to 2 miles.

  • Also, by using higher gain antennas or lower data rates, ranges in excess of 20 miles point-to-point can be covered.

BR1310


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Models and options

  • There are two options for ordering the Cisco Aironet 1310 Series Wireless Bridge:

    • Cisco Aironet 1310 Outdoor Access Point/Bridge with 13-dBi integrated antenna, FCC config

    • Cisco Aironet 1310 Outdoor Access Point/Bridge with RP-TNC type Connectors, FCC config

BR1310

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9-R

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9


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Models and options

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9

AIR-BR1310G-A-K9-R


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Components and accessories

Cisco Aironet Power Injector

Mounting Kit


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IOS features


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Optional 2.4GHz Antennas for Longer Range

  • Network configurations

    • Point to point

    • Point to multi-point

  • Roof, pole, and wall mounting options

  • 2.4 GHz Unlicensed Band Operation

    • Rapid deployment and re-commissioning

  • Operating temp range: -30 to +55 oC

  • Humidity: 0 to 100%

  • AIR-ANT2412012 dBi omni -1 mile @54Mbps and

    7.29 miles @11mbps

  • AIR-ANT3338 21 dBi dish -4.46 [email protected] and 20.1 [email protected]


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Bridge Range Calculation Utility

Click Here


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Bridge Distance Calculations (cont.)


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Bridge Distance Calculations (cont.)


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Ch. 6 - Bridges

Cisco Fundamentals of Wireless LANs version 1.2


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