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China. WWII to Present. Tour The Wall. Walk the Wall. Mao Zedong Communist Leader Chaing Kai-Shek Nationalist Leader. Communists VS. Nationalists. The Long March. Mao’s communists flee Nationalist Army 6000 mile chase 90,000 communist troops start 7,000 finish

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China

China

WWII to Present


Tour the wall

Tour The Wall

Walk the Wall


Communists vs nationalists

Mao Zedong

Communist Leader

Chaing Kai-Shek

Nationalist Leader

Communists VS. Nationalists


The long march

The Long March

  • Mao’s communists flee Nationalist Army

  • 6000 mile chase

  • 90,000 communist troops start 7,000 finish

  • Chase lasts more than 1 year

  • Prior to Japanese invasion, Chaing has nearly destroyed Communists in China


Japanese invasion of china

Japanese Invasion of China

  • Invade Manchuria 1931

    • Expansion/Imperialism

    • (Leads to Pearl Harbor)

  • Nationalist Government moves capital to city of Nanking

  • 1 million residents (2/3 are refugees)


The nanking massacre rape of nanking

The Nanking Massacre(Rape of Nanking)

  • Chinese defend walled city to no avail

  • City falls after 3 days

  • 50,000 refugees killed trying to cross Yangtze River (Less than 1 hour)

  • After 1st day Japanese were in city, streets were covered with bodies


Mass executions

Mass Executions

  • Japanese arrest suspected soldiers

  • 2,000 – tens of thousands at a time

  • Methods-

    • Machine guns

    • Bayoneted

    • Gasoline (Burned alive)

    • Buried alive


Attrocities

Attrocities

  • Civilian Victims-

    • Shooting

    • Stabbing

    • Decapitation

    • Slicing open the abdomen

    • Drowning

    • Burning

    • Castration


Rapes

Rapes

  • 20,000 women raped

    • Girls as young as 10

    • Women as old as 70

    • Pregnant women

    • Nuns

    • Gang rape

    • Fathers forced to rape daughters

    • Sons forced to rape mothers

  • Most brutally killed afterward

  • Some sold into slavery (Military concubines)


Atrocities continued

Atrocities Continued

  • Every building and person was looted

  • Organized burnings

    • Hide, and killed those who came to put out fire

    • City burned to ashes

  • The killing Game

    • 2 generals compete to decapitate the largest # of victims

  • Japanese denial of incident


Witness the massacre

Witness the Massacre

  • http://prion.bchs.uh.edu/~zzhang/1/Nanking_Massacre/index.html

  • http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/12.12.96/cover/china1-9650.html


Fighting resumes

Fighting resumes

  • Following WWII, Nationalists & Communists resume fighting

  • Communists take control in 1949

    • How

      • Appeal to poor (land)

      • Rid country of foreigners

      • Chance to become world power

  • Nationalists flee to Taiwan


Mao zedong

Mao Zedong

  • Becomes a national hero overnight

  • “Little Red Book”

    • Said to have all of the worlds answers

  • Ends private ownership of land

  • Moves to collectivize all farms


The great leap forward

The Great Leap Forward

  • Superhuman effort to modernize

  • China divided into communes

    • Families are separated

  • Effects

    • Peasants revolt

    • Food production falls

    • Lack of effort in work (guaranteed income)

    • Floods and famine


Cultural revolution

Cultural Revolution

  • Mao urges young to root out capitalism

  • Red Guard is organized

    • Mao’s personal police force

    • “College students”

    • Attack all those who oppose Mao

  • Effects

    • Chaos

    • Schools closed

    • Factory production slows

    • Many dead or imprisoned

    • Army forced to restore order


China post mao

China (Post Mao)

  • Mao dies 1976

  • Power Struggle (2 groups)

    • Gang of 4

      • Mao’s wife and supporters

    • Moderates

      • Deng Xiaoping

  • Gang of 4 are arrested and imprisoned

  • Deng takes control


China under deng xiaoping

China Under Deng Xiaoping

  • 4 Modernizations

    • Modernize agriculture

    • Expand industry

    • Develop science and tech.

    • Upgrade defense forces

      • Responsibility system


Tiananmen square

Tiananmen Square

  • Student protest of government

  • Call for democracy


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