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UK survey data available via the UK Data Service. Sarah King-Hele Research Associate, User Support and Training. ESRC Research Methods Festival St Catherine’s College, Oxford 9 July 2014. Presentation. Survey microdata UK survey and l ongitudinal studies

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UK survey data available via the UK Data Service

Sarah King-Hele

Research Associate,

User Support and Training

ESRC Research Methods Festival

St Catherine’s College, Oxford

9 July 2014


Presentation

  • Survey microdata

  • UK survey and longitudinal studies

  • Nesstar: online analysis of survey data

  • Why use secondary survey data?

  • Finding data and documentation


Survey microdata


UK surveys and longitudinal studies


UK surveys

  • often commissioned by government and conducted by ONS or NatCen

  • data about individuals or households (anonymised)

  • large sample sizes

  • nationally-representative

  • many are run every year

  • repeated cross-sectional (new sample each time the survey is run)


Examples of UK surveys

Many topics including:

  • health: Health Survey for England

  • work: Labour Force Survey

  • crime: Crime Survey for England and Wales

  • social attitudes: British Social Attitudes

  • family expenditure

  • living costs

  • housing


Example: economic inactivity by reason

Graph: Labour Market Statistics, June 2014, ONS


Example: trends in domestic burglary, 1981-2011/12

(thousands)

Data: Crime Survey for England and Wales and British Crime Survey

Figure 8 from ‘Crime in England and Wales Quarterly First Release, March 2012’ www.ons.gov.uk


Longitudinal studies

Similar to UK surveys

  • individual level data

  • large samples, nationally-representative

  • surveys are repeated, often annually

    BUT

  • they follow the same individuals over time

  • new respondents are added regularly to keep numbers up


Examples of longitudinal studies

  • British Household Panel Survey and

  • Understanding Society

  • cover different aspects of peoples lives: education, employment, social ties, family life and health

  • BHPS started in 1991 and has 18 waves of data collection

  • Understanding Society started in 2009

  • BHPS sample included in Understanding Society from wave 2

  • Other longitudinal studies

  • English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

  • Families and Children Study

  • Growing Up in Scotland

  • Longitudinal Study of Young People in England


Example: perceived discrimination for being turned down for a job by ethnicity

Source: Understanding Society: Findings 2012


Example: reasons for moving home

Source: Understanding Society: Findings 2012


Longitudinal studies: Cohort studies

  • National Child Development Study (1958)

  • 1970 British Cohort Study

  • Millennium Cohort Study

  • different decades

    – can examine generational change

  • topics: health/medical focus

  • social and economic circumstances


Nesstar: online analysis of survey data

  • browse detailed information (metadata) and data online

  • do simple data analysis and visualisation on microdata

  • download a subset of data in one of a number of formats (e.g. SPSS, Stata)


Example: one way frequencyPolitical affiliation (data from BSA)


Example: graphAge started smoking (data from GHS)


Example: Cross-tab Main cause of crime (data from CSEW)


Why use secondary survey data?

  • cost effective

  • saves time

  • high quality

  • nationally representative

  • many topics

  • allows geographical and historical comparisons

  • help and support are available


Help


Documentation

  • all survey documentation is freely available on the website – questionnaires, user guides, technical reports, derived variables

  • documentation tells you about the data

    • what questions were asked

    • who were asked the questions

    • how the survey was conducted

    • what was done with the raw data to turn it into the final data

      You must look at the documentation to understand the data


Finding data and documentation

  • ukdataservice.ac.uk


How to search for data?

discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk


Variable and question search

discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/variables


Sarah King-Hele

Sarah.king-hele@manchester.ac.uk

ukdataservice.ac.uk/help/

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