Parts of speech
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Parts of Speech. Chloe Cadarette Jasmin Farfan (: Alex Martinez October 14, 2010 English Honors Period 3. Nouns. Person, place, thing, or idea. EX: Teacher, school, book, mood. Common vs. Proper Nouns. A common noun is the names of anyone of a group of people, places, things, or ideas.

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Parts of Speech

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Parts of speech

Parts of Speech

Chloe Cadarette

JasminFarfan(:

Alex Martinez

October 14, 2010

English Honors Period 3


Nouns

Nouns

  • Person, place, thing, or idea.

  • EX: Teacher, school, book, mood.


Common vs proper nouns

Common vs. Proper Nouns

  • A common noun is the names of anyone of a group of people, places, things, or ideas.

  • EX: Teacher, school, town.

  • A proper noun is a name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

  • EX: Mrs. Bohac, West Valley, Hemet.


Concrete vs abstract nouns

Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns

  • A concrete noun is a name of a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses.

  • EX: Cloud, ivy, thunder, Chloe.

  • An abstract noun names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a character.

  • EX: Beauty, kindness, sadness, Catholicism.


Pronouns

Pronouns

  • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns.

  • EX: She, they, he, her, him.


Antecedents

Antecedents

  • The noun a pronoun is replacing.

  • EX: My dog loves her toys.


Personal pronouns

Personal Pronouns

  • A personal pronoun refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about.

  • EX: Me, my, mine, you, yours, he, him, his.


Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

  • A demonstrative pronoun points out a specific person, place, thing, or idea.

  • EX: This, that, these, those.

Interrogative Pronouns

  • An interrogative pronoun introduces a question.

  • EX: Who, whom, which, what, whose.


Adjectives

Adjectives

  • Adjectives are words that are used to describe a noun.

  • EX: It’s a fast car.


Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative Adjectives

  • Demonstrative adjectives points out a specific adjective.

  • EX: This apple was picked from that tree.


Pronouns vs adjectives

Pronouns vs. Adjectives

  • A pronoun takes the place of a noun, while an adjective describes a noun.


Articles

Articles

  • An article refers to any member of a general group.

  • EX: A, an, the.


Verbs

Verbs

  • A verb is a word that is used to express an action, or state of being.

  • EX: Jump, work, play, are, is


Helping verbs

Helping Verbs

  • All the forms of the verb be.

  • EX: Is, am, are, was, were, be being, been, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, might, must, can, could, will, would, shall, should.


Action verbs vs non action verbs

Action Verbs vs. Non-Action Verbs

  • Action Verbs can be a physical or mental action.

  • EX: Climb, write, consider, remember.

  • Non-Action Verbs are verbs that express no action.

  • EX: Are, was, is, were.


Adverbs

Adverbs

  • An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

  • EX: Where, when, how long, how


Adverbs modifying verbs

Adverbs Modifying Verbs

  • Ask where, when, how, or to what extent.

  • EX: Can we go over there?

    Tomorrow, we will go to the park.

    Drive carefully.

    They partially filled the gas tank.


Adverbs modifying adjectives

Adverbs Modifying Adjectives

  • EX: The performance was quitegood today.

    *In this sentence, quite is modifying good.


Adverbs modifying adverbs

Adverbs Modifying Adverbs

  • EX: We will meet earlytomorrow.

    *In this sentence, early is modifying tomorrow.


Prepositions

Prepositions

  • A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun, or a pronoun, to another word.


Commonly used prepositions

Commonly Used Prepositions

  • EX: Aboard, below, from, since, about, beneath, in, through, above, beside, inside, throughout, across, into, till, after, between, like, to, against, beyond, near, toward, along, of, under, amid, off, underneath, among, by, on, until, around, concerning, onto, up, as, down, out, upon, at, during, outside, with, before, except, over, within, behind, for, past, without, besides, but


Compound prepositions

Compound Prepositions

  • EX: According to, prior of, in front of, as of


Conjunctions

Conjunctions

  • Word or words that join word or word groups.


Coordinating conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

  • A coordinating conjunction joins words or word groups that are used in a same way.

  • EX: And, or, but, nor, yet, so, for


Correlative conjunctions

Correlative Conjunctions

  • A correlative conjunction are pairs of conjunctions that join word or word groups that are used in the same way.

  • EX: Both…And, Neither…Nor, Whether…Or, Not Only…But Also, Either…Or


Interjections

Interjections

  • An interjection is a word that expresses emotion.

  • EX: Huzzah! Wow! Whoa! Yikes! Yippy! Yahoo! Yay!


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