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Issue Briefing. Health Information Interoperability. McLean, VA April 18, 2008. This document is confidential and is intended solely for the use and information of the client to whom it is addressed. Table Of Contents. The Interoperability Value Proposition Common Issues

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Mclean va april 18 2008

Issue Briefing

Health Information Interoperability

McLean, VA

April 18, 2008

This document is confidential and is intended solely for the use and information of the client to whom it is addressed.


Table of contents

Table Of Contents

The Interoperability Value Proposition

Common Issues

Key Components of Interoperability

National Initiatives

State/Local Initiatives

Private Sector

Moving Forward

caBIGTM Example


Mclean va april 18 2008

Interoperability is a critical component of the nation-wide implementation of health information technology…

  • Interoperability; defined as the effective exchange of health information among diverse participants; advances high-quality, safe and efficient health care for patient and population health purposes

    • Patient focused health care -- moving electronic health information about an individual to where and when it is needed to support individual heath care and health care needs

    • Population health -- moving health information to support population-oriented uses such as public health, biomedical research, quality improvement, and emergency preparedness


And has the potential to provide benefit to all stakeholders involved in the healthcare continuum

…and has the potential to provide benefit to all stakeholders involved in the healthcare continuum.

benefit from the capabilities to promote their own health and well-being by making informed choices in a safe and secure environment

benefit from obtaining access to critical information needed to reduce medical errors and improve quality of health care

and other organizations benefit from meaningful public health reporting, bioterrorism surveillance, quality monitoring, and advances in clinical trials

benefit from the economic efficiencies, fewer errors, and reduced duplication that arise from interoperability

benefit from streamlined processes, reduced redundancies, and as a result greater cost-efficiency


Table of contents1

Table Of Contents

The Interoperability Value Proposition

Common Issues

Key Components of Interoperability

National Initiatives

State/Local Initiatives

Private Sector

Moving Forward

caBIGTM Example


Mclean va april 18 2008

Federal and State governments face similar challenges in the adoption and creation of interoperable systems


Table of contents2

Table Of Contents

The Interoperability Value Proposition

Common Issues

Key Components of Interoperability

National Initiatives

State/Local Initiatives

Private Sector

Moving Forward

caBIGTM Example


Mclean va april 18 2008

A number of Federal initiatives related to priority setting, standards development and harmonization have been created

  • The American Health Information Community (AHIC), was chartered to provide input and recommendations to HHS on how to accelerate the development of HIT, specifically how to make health records digital and interoperable

  • The AHIC identified key focus areas for the advancement of standards that will lead to interoperability:

    • Chronic Care

    • Confidentiality, Privacy & Security

    • Consumer Empowerment

    • Electronic Health Records

    • Personalized Healthcare

    • Population Health and Clinical Care Connections

    • Quality

http://www.hhs.gov/healthit/ahic


Mclean va april 18 2008

The Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel (HITSP) was established due to the importance and need for interoperability

  • HITSP functions as a partnership of the public and private sectors

  • The objective is to achieve standards that will enable and support widespread interoperability among healthcare information technology systems

  • The HITSP harmonization process is open, inclusive, and consensus driven

  • HHS has formally recognized a set HITSP standards it received a year ago, now requiring federal agencies, by an executive order, to incorporate them into new systems or upgrades, or to buy products that comply with the standards.

  • The work of HITSP is being implemented this year by the Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) Cooperative

The HITSP Mission:

To harmonize relevant standards in the healthcare industry to enable and advance interoperability

The standards harmonization process is an open, inclusive, collaborative, Use Case driven process

www.hitsp.org


Mclean va april 18 2008

The CCHIT accelerates the adoption of health IT by creating an efficient, credible and sustainable certification program

  • The Certification Commission for Health Information Technology (CCHIT) was awarded a contract in 2005 from HHS Office of the National Coordinator to conduct two discrete activities

    • Establish the criteria and the process to determine the extent to which Electronic Health Record products can be certified as functionally useful within a care setting, and can be used as part of a nationwide health information network

    • Use the criteria and the process to examine and certify specific vendor products

  • CCHIT is a recognized certification body that, to date, has established certification criteria for Ambulatory EHRs, Inpatient EHRs and a physicians guide on the value and importance of certification

  • CCHIT volunteer Work Groups develop criteria and inspection processes for each domain

    • Ambulatory, Child Health, Emergency Department, Foundation, Inpatient, Secure Interoperability, Network, Privacy & Compliance, and System Security

  • HITSP and CCHIT have aligned forces between interoperability specifications and functional criteria through the HITSP/CCHIT Joint Working Group


Mclean va april 18 2008

HISPC, a federal initiative, encourages interoperability through a collaboration of 42 states and territories to address security and privacy challenges of health information exchange

  • The Health Information Security and Privacy Collaborative (HISPC) plays a key role in laying a policy groundwork to support widespread interoperable electronic health information exchange (HIE)

  • Each participating state or territory looks to local stakeholders for input to ensure that proposed solutions are consistent and representative of local needs

  • Each participating state is focused on a different “collaboratives” of security and privacy to try and develop “common, replicable, multistate solutions” that can then be applied nationally

    • Consent Laws

    • Harmonizing Privacy Laws

    • Consumer Education and Engagement

    • Provider Education

    • Adoption of Standards Policies

    • Inter-organizational Agreements

http://privacysecurity.rti.org


Mclean va april 18 2008

Through funding and support from a variety of public and private entities, States and other organizations are advancing and promoting HIE development

  • A variety of organizations understand the value and importance of promoting HIE at a local level

  • The recent AHIMA FORE report indicates that there is significant HIE-related activity at the state/local level

  • Many progressive states, such as Indiana, Tennessee, New York, Virginia, and North Carolina, are making strides toward statewide interoperability

  • The AHIMA report concluded that public-private partnerships within states can assure consistency among all stakeholder perspectives while still maintaining a link with the national HIE objectives.

http://www.ahima.org


Certain state wide initiatives are advancing rapidly to meet their hie objectives

Certain state wide initiatives are advancing rapidly to meet their HIE objectives

  • Indiana Health Information Exchange has demonstrated interoperability with Community Health Network through the delivery of clinical results to primary care physicians

    • The EHR vendor has connected to 3 different practices, allowing the primary care physician to see care their patients receive in other hospitals or other hospital systems

    • Interoperability is the critical piece of the success of this system and provides more effective, time-efficient and quality care

    • Regenstrief and Indiana have created the nation's only citywide electronic medical records system

  • New York has awarded $105.75 million in grants to promote interoperable health information technology across the state (HEAL Initiative)

    • Through this competitive grant process, the New York State Department of Health is investing in projects that are advancing interoperability

    • The strategic focus is to develop and implement New York's health information infrastructure effectively by utilizing clinical information, and enables clinicians through the availability of health information at the point of care

http://www.health.state.ny.us

http://www.ihie.com


Mclean va april 18 2008

SHIN NY

New York is developing a health IT infrastructure through a common platform that embraces three components

The New York architecture framework focuses on interoperability with the Statewide Health Information Network New York as a key component

The New York Health IT Infrastructure has three components: Apply, Aggregate and Analyze, and Access


Mclean va april 18 2008

The private sector is contributing and participating in the interoperability of health information exchange as well

  • American Health Insurance Plans (AHIP)

    • AHIP is pushing the adoption of standard data elements for personal health records (PHRs) to facilitate a portability model between health insurers

    • AHIP determined through collaboration with other payors the critical data sets necessary to allow easy transfer of information

  • Dossia Corporation (AT&T, Applied Materials, BP, Intel, Pitney Bowes, Sanofi-Aventis and Wal-Mart)

    • A number of large companies have agreed to work together to build a database of health records for all of their employees

    • The health-records system called Dossia, will be able to supplement any data that an individual provides with records from hospitals, labs, pharmacies, insurance claims etc.

  • Google

    • Google has launched a pilot project with the Cleveland Clinic to provide patients the results of their doctor visits, prescriptions, tests and procedures through Google's secure Web service

    • Designed to allow patients, medical providers and pharmacies to submit information to the records


Table of contents3

Table Of Contents

The Interoperability Value Proposition

Common Issues

Key Components of Interoperability

National Initiatives

State/Local Initiatives

Private Sector

Moving Forward

caBIGTM Example


Interoperability is important at all levels of the healthcare continuum

Interoperability is important at all levels of the healthcare continuum

  • Hospital perspective

    • A hospital that achieves Stage 6 still may not even be addressing issues related to interoperability

    • The aim is not to just focus on interoperability within an healthcare entity – the ultimate goal and ultimate utility of interoperability is realized when data is shared across the healthcare continuum

  • Example: Public Health Situational Awareness

    • By increasing sources of clinical data, public health agencies are able to detect public health threats earlier and potentially save more lives


Table of contents4

Table Of Contents

The Interoperability Value Proposition

Common Issues

Key Components of Interoperability

National Initiatives

State/Local Initiatives

Private Sector

Moving Forward

caBIGTM Example


Value proposition example cancer biomedical informatics grid cabig

Value Proposition Example: Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG)

  • Due to the lack of a common system for individual researchers or institutions to easily share data, researchers often operate in a near vacuum, or silo approach, without benefit of information from outside their institution.

  • caBIGTM was built to connect cancer research communities through a shareable and interoperable infrastructure that required standards and common language to allow information to be easily exchanged

  • caTRIP (Cancer Translational Research Informatics Platform) leverages multiple data repositories and allows users to query across a large number of caBIGTM data services. The initial focus is on outcome analysis which allows clinicians to query across data from existing patients with similar characteristics to find treatments that were administered with success.

    “An interoperable infrastructure will provides users with the ability to share tools and data to address cancer challenges in ways not currently possible”

http://cabig.nci.nih.gov


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