Purpose of this session?. To establish a working definition of collegialityTo explore the use and role of collegialityTo examine issues about collegiality in the academic libraryTo determine how collegiality influences collegial decision making in your library To identify ways to connect collegi
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1. Does Collegiality Matter: For Whom, for What and How? Shin Freedman, MLS, MBA
Head of Acquisitions & Serials Depts
Framingham State College
2. Purpose of this session… To establish a working definition of collegiality
To explore the use and role of collegiality
To examine issues about collegiality in the academic library
To determine how collegiality influences collegial decision making in your library
To identify ways to connect collegiality and change in the 21st century library
3. Definition of Collegiality
Cooperative interaction among colleagues
Shared power and authority among colleagues
(Source: American Heritage Unabridged Dictionary 2009)
4. Paradox… Which definition do you use in your libraries?
Give an example
5. Why Collegiality? “Collegiality is important due to the interconnected work library staff perform and the complications varying levels of staff creates.” – L. Lorenzen (2006)
Collegiality is an organizational value and it must represent common ground. --P. Howze (2003)
The workplace structure itself can foster collegiality or its antithesis, competition and turf guarding .
--List Lister (2003)
6. What does Collegiality do? “Collegiality facilitates the interchange of ideas, and produces energy and creativity for librarians, library staff and patrons. Such an atmosphere empowers people to work together for the advancement of the library’s goals.”
- Eschavarria (2001)
Collegiality can be a code word for favoring people with backgrounds, interests and political and social perspectives similar to one’s own. --J. Alger (2000)
Power is central to collegiality.
- S. Rastin (summer 2000)
7. Is Collegiality the same as Congeniality?
8. MA Librarian Survey on Collegiality says:
Collegiality is an issue – 25 %
In-fighting among librarians
Personality issues affect collegiality
Low morale is problem
Source: Massachusetts State College Association (MSCA) Librarian Survey, Oct 2009
9. Boundaries of Collegiality
10. Conditions for Collegial Environment
Sharing ideals as library mission
Leadership is essential
Trust is a higher order element of collegiality
11. How Collegiality Influences Collegial Decision Making in a Library? Collegiality enables better decision making
Shared authority is an essential component of the collegial function
The more collegial a library setting, the more likely decisions are enhanced by collegiality
Change is embraced
“collegiality helps ensure that results are not preordained” -- Judge H. Edwards (2003)
12. Factors influencing Collegiality in the Library Organizations
to facilitate the value of collegiality
to set the example
Information Technology Usage
to promote or to prevent communications.
Collegiality expressed as a library organization value
13. Characteristics of Collegial Library Organizations
Self-controlling and self-directed
Peer review based
Public dissemination of collegial writing
Apply theory and specialized knowledge
Use collegial decision making
Updated library organizational structure
14. Collegiality in Conflict Changes in a digital, global, and information society
Coexistence of collegiality and bureaucracy in higher education
Hierarchy control and order in academia
Are faculty members in conflict with administrators?
Are librarians in conflict with administrators
or with library colleagues and why?
Reference Service Unit’s collegial concerns vs. intellectual pursuit in academic freedom
Collegial workplace issues vs. collegial decision making
15. How Collegiality and Collegial Decision Making affect a library organization?
Collegiality affects collegial decision making in significant ways
Promotion and Tenure review
Governance committee’s decision making and participation on campus
16. Collegial Decision Making (From M. Polanyi’s “The Republic of Science” 1969)
“The process of negotiation and discovery used to create, refine, and rethink knowledge. Membership in this republic requires three essential contributions: professional expertise, trust, and a disinterested urge to further the work of the whole. Authority rests neither in the individual nor in a higher body that organize the work, but in the members of the group”
“This is a natural structure for libraries which exist to enable to the activities of this republic.”
17. Collegiality in Conflict --Librarian’s Perspective All librarians report to the administrator (only chair reports to the administrator) – hierarchical model
There are many subunits in the Library - more issues here (cf. one academic department)
Collegiality definition is used differently
Librarians do not apply collegiality as academic freedom, but
Librarians & faculty members both use congeniality as an interpretation of collegiality
18. Characteristics of Non-Collegial Library Organizations
treated as a personal trait
viewed as an agreement
strongly trends toward conformity, homogeneity
19. In Summary. . . Collegiality plays a vital role in dealing with effective change in a library
Collegial decision making allows better navigation in the interconnected world of higher education.
Collegiality invokes the highest ideals and aspirations of the academic world
Collegiality is not the same as congeniality
Fostering collegiality is a leadership priority
20. Future study in the areas of . . . How significant is collegiality in the academic librarian’s world?
Collegiality-related case studies
Comparison studies on collegiality between faculty members and academic librarians
Social interactions of librarians. . .
21. Thank you!