World languages
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World Languages. History of Language. What is language? Write your own definition. “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”. The study of language. Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

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World Languages

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World languages

World Languages


History of language

History of Language

  • What is language?

    • Write your own definition.

    • “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”


The study of language

The study of language

  • Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

  • Linguists agree the origin of human speech is a mystery.

    • Some theories are that language is a gift from the gods or that it started as imitating sounds heard in nature (like a dog bark).


Language families

Language families

  • Indo-European family

    • Almost ½ of the world’s population speaks a language that belongs to the Indo-European family.

    • Probably originated in Central Russia.

    • Because of natural disaster, famine, and wars, some people left Russia and lost contact with each other.

    • The languages began to evolve and change due to the distance between the groups of people.


Indo european languages

Indo-European languages

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Indo european

Indo-European

  • Some languages are very similar to each other.

    • An Italian, a Portuguese and Spanish speaker could probably understand each other.

    • They would have trouble, however, understanding French.


Examples

Examples

  • EnglishSpanishItalian

  • informationInformacióninformazioni

  • personpersonapersona

  • naturenaturalezanatura

  • bearosoorso


English

English

  • Belongs to the Germanic language family.

  • Anglo-saxon, an old German language forms the “backbone” of English.

  • In 1066, the Normans invaded England from France and brought their language with them. This is why there are man French and Latin words in English.


Borrowed words into english

Borrowed words into English

Anglo-saxonFrench

bat (batt)a la carte

bake (bacan)adieu

daughter (dohtor)cuisine


Semito hemetic family

Semito-Hemetic family

  • Originates from Africa and the Middle East.

    • Two most widespread languages are Arabic and Hebrew.


Ural altaic family

Ural-Altaic family

  • Finnish

  • Estonian

  • Hungarian

  • Turkish

  • Mongol


Sino tibetan

Sino-Tibetan

  • Chinese

  • Thai

  • Burmese

  • Tibetan

  • Japanese

  • Korean


Questions

Questions…

  • 1. Explain why is it possible to group many of the world’s languages into families.

  • 2. It is said that some languages are like first cousins. Others are more like distant cousins. Explain why.

  • 3. Does anyone in your family speak a language other than English?


What is language day 2

What is language day 2

  • Book

  • Das Buch (German)

  • El libro (Spanish)

  • Kitabu (Swahili)

  • Liber (latin)

  • Hon (Japanese)

  • Shu (Chinese)

  • il libro (Italian)


What are words

What are words?

  • Write your own definition.

  • Defined as: the most elementary unit of meaning.


Rich languages

Rich languages

  • A language is considered a “rich language” if it has an extensive vocabulary.

  • The Oxford English dictionary lists over 500,000 words!


Making new words

Making new words

  • The vocabulary of a language constantly changes.

  • As technology changes, words must be made to describe and work with the new technology.

    • Can you think of any new words we have added to English recently due to new technology?


Dropping old words

Dropping old words

  • Just as words are added to English, other words and phrases become outdated and eventually get dropped from the language.

    • Can you think of any words or phrases that have been dropped from our language?


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