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World Languages. History of Language. What is language? Write your own definition. “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”. The study of language. Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

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History of language
History of Language

  • What is language?

    • Write your own definition.

    • “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”


The study of language
The study of language

  • Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

  • Linguists agree the origin of human speech is a mystery.

    • Some theories are that language is a gift from the gods or that it started as imitating sounds heard in nature (like a dog bark).


Language families
Language families

  • Indo-European family

    • Almost ½ of the world’s population speaks a language that belongs to the Indo-European family.

    • Probably originated in Central Russia.

    • Because of natural disaster, famine, and wars, some people left Russia and lost contact with each other.

    • The languages began to evolve and change due to the distance between the groups of people.


Indo european languages
Indo-European languages

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Indo european
Indo-European

  • Some languages are very similar to each other.

    • An Italian, a Portuguese and Spanish speaker could probably understand each other.

    • They would have trouble, however, understanding French.


Examples
Examples

  • English Spanish Italian

  • information Información informazioni

  • person persona persona

  • nature naturaleza natura

  • bear oso orso


English
English

  • Belongs to the Germanic language family.

  • Anglo-saxon, an old German language forms the “backbone” of English.

  • In 1066, the Normans invaded England from France and brought their language with them. This is why there are man French and Latin words in English.


Borrowed words into english
Borrowed words into English

Anglo-saxon French

bat (batt) a la carte

bake (bacan) adieu

daughter (dohtor) cuisine


Semito hemetic family
Semito-Hemetic family

  • Originates from Africa and the Middle East.

    • Two most widespread languages are Arabic and Hebrew.


Ural altaic family
Ural-Altaic family

  • Finnish

  • Estonian

  • Hungarian

  • Turkish

  • Mongol


Sino tibetan
Sino-Tibetan

  • Chinese

  • Thai

  • Burmese

  • Tibetan

  • Japanese

  • Korean


Questions
Questions…

  • 1. Explain why is it possible to group many of the world’s languages into families.

  • 2. It is said that some languages are like first cousins. Others are more like distant cousins. Explain why.

  • 3. Does anyone in your family speak a language other than English?


What is language day 2
What is language day 2

  • Book

  • Das Buch (German)

  • El libro (Spanish)

  • Kitabu (Swahili)

  • Liber (latin)

  • Hon (Japanese)

  • Shu (Chinese)

  • il libro (Italian)


What are words
What are words?

  • Write your own definition.

  • Defined as: the most elementary unit of meaning.


Rich languages
Rich languages

  • A language is considered a “rich language” if it has an extensive vocabulary.

  • The Oxford English dictionary lists over 500,000 words!


Making new words
Making new words

  • The vocabulary of a language constantly changes.

  • As technology changes, words must be made to describe and work with the new technology.

    • Can you think of any new words we have added to English recently due to new technology?


Dropping old words
Dropping old words

  • Just as words are added to English, other words and phrases become outdated and eventually get dropped from the language.

    • Can you think of any words or phrases that have been dropped from our language?


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