World languages
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 18

World Languages PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 110 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

World Languages. History of Language. What is language? Write your own definition. “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”. The study of language. Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

Download Presentation

World Languages

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


World Languages


History of Language

  • What is language?

    • Write your own definition.

    • “The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community”


The study of language

  • Linguists are scientists who study the many aspects of language.

  • Linguists agree the origin of human speech is a mystery.

    • Some theories are that language is a gift from the gods or that it started as imitating sounds heard in nature (like a dog bark).


Language families

  • Indo-European family

    • Almost ½ of the world’s population speaks a language that belongs to the Indo-European family.

    • Probably originated in Central Russia.

    • Because of natural disaster, famine, and wars, some people left Russia and lost contact with each other.

    • The languages began to evolve and change due to the distance between the groups of people.


Indo-European languages

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________

  • _____________________________


Indo-European

  • Some languages are very similar to each other.

    • An Italian, a Portuguese and Spanish speaker could probably understand each other.

    • They would have trouble, however, understanding French.


Examples

  • EnglishSpanishItalian

  • informationInformacióninformazioni

  • personpersonapersona

  • naturenaturalezanatura

  • bearosoorso


English

  • Belongs to the Germanic language family.

  • Anglo-saxon, an old German language forms the “backbone” of English.

  • In 1066, the Normans invaded England from France and brought their language with them. This is why there are man French and Latin words in English.


Borrowed words into English

Anglo-saxonFrench

bat (batt)a la carte

bake (bacan)adieu

daughter (dohtor)cuisine


Semito-Hemetic family

  • Originates from Africa and the Middle East.

    • Two most widespread languages are Arabic and Hebrew.


Ural-Altaic family

  • Finnish

  • Estonian

  • Hungarian

  • Turkish

  • Mongol


Sino-Tibetan

  • Chinese

  • Thai

  • Burmese

  • Tibetan

  • Japanese

  • Korean


Questions…

  • 1. Explain why is it possible to group many of the world’s languages into families.

  • 2. It is said that some languages are like first cousins. Others are more like distant cousins. Explain why.

  • 3. Does anyone in your family speak a language other than English?


What is language day 2

  • Book

  • Das Buch (German)

  • El libro (Spanish)

  • Kitabu (Swahili)

  • Liber (latin)

  • Hon (Japanese)

  • Shu (Chinese)

  • il libro (Italian)


What are words?

  • Write your own definition.

  • Defined as: the most elementary unit of meaning.


Rich languages

  • A language is considered a “rich language” if it has an extensive vocabulary.

  • The Oxford English dictionary lists over 500,000 words!


Making new words

  • The vocabulary of a language constantly changes.

  • As technology changes, words must be made to describe and work with the new technology.

    • Can you think of any new words we have added to English recently due to new technology?


Dropping old words

  • Just as words are added to English, other words and phrases become outdated and eventually get dropped from the language.

    • Can you think of any words or phrases that have been dropped from our language?


  • Login