Unit 1 heritage of law chapter 2 sources and categories of law
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Unit 1 – Heritage of Law Chapter 2 – Sources and Categories of Law. Primary Sources of Law. Agenda. 1. Primary Sources of Law lesson 2. Take-up Brandeis Brief/Court (1908), p.81 & do ?’s 1-3 on page 81

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Unit 1 heritage of law chapter 2 sources and categories of law

Unit 1 – Heritage of LawChapter 2 – Sources and Categories of Law

Primary Sources of Law


Agenda
Agenda

  • 1. Primary Sources of Law lesson

  • 2. Take-up Brandeis Brief/Court (1908), p.81 & do ?’s 1-3 on page 81

  • 4. Homework-read Re Resolution to Amend the Constitution of Canada, [1981] 1SCR 753 p.44 & do ?’s 1-4 on p.45


Learning goal for today
Learning Goal for Today

  • By the end of the lesson(s), students will be able to distinguish between primary and secondary sources of law


Expectations
Expectations

  • Students will: distinguish between primary and secondary sources of law

  • CGE7e – witnesses Catholic social teaching by promoting equality, democracy, and solidarity for a just, peaceful and compassionate society


Primary sources of law
Primary Sources of Law

  • Primary Sources of Law

  • Those parts of the legal system that have the longest historical development

  • Represent the system’s cumulative values, beliefs, and principles


Primary sources of law1
Primary Sources of Law

Influence of Social and Political Philosophy

  • Holocaust

  • US Civil Rights Movement

  • CCF/Depression impact on social security, EI, and workers’ compensation

  • Parti Quebecois/Bloc Quebecois



Is anti semitism dead don t write
Is Anti-Semitism Dead?(Don’t Write)

One cartoon, in Montreal’s fiscally conservative but otherwise left-leaning La Presse, showed Dumont dressed up as an ultra-orthodox Jew, sporting sidecurls and a broad-brimmed fur hat, with a sinister and crazed expression on his face. “Next week, I’ll be courted by nude cyclists…” he says. No matter that Quebec’s Jews are mostly secular and bilingual, or that the ultra-orthodox make up a minuscule minority of Quebec Jewry – less than 5%. The same paper’s page one headline, “Dumont courtise par la communaute juive,” was included inside the cartoon. The fact that Dumont’s having met with Jewish fundraisers earned it front page coverage speaks volumes, as does use of the word “courtise,” or “courted.” Dumont, it seems, was being seduced by those who would lead him down the primrose path.


Primary sources of law3
Primary Sources of Law

Is Anti-Semitism Dead?

Discuss


Primary sources of law4
Primary Sources of Law

  • Drummond Wren, [1945] OR 778 (HC, in Chambers)

  • Restrictive Covenant regarding Jews or persons of objectionable nationality

  • Against Public Policy

  • Violated Racial Discrimination Act passed in Ontario in 1944


Primary sources of law5
Primary Sources of Law

Custom – a long established way of doing something, that over time, has acquired the force of law (original Sunday shopping ban)

Convention – a way of doing something that has been accepted for so long that it amounts to an unwritten rule (ex. Governor General is Canadian)


Primary sources of law6
Primary Sources of Law

  • Canada’s laws reflect our Judeo-Christian heritage

  • Primary source Old Testament of Christian Bible

    • First 5 books include Jewish Torah


Primary sources of law7
Primary Sources of Law

Core of laws – 10 commandments, forbade:

  • Murder and theft

  • False witness

  • Worship of other gods

    Christianity – as taught by Jesus, contained the 10 commandments and many other aspects of Jewish Law


Primary sources of law8
Primary Sources of Law

Religion came to Canada along with

Christian missionaries and colonists in the 16th and 17th century

  • Profound effect on Canadian law

    • Ex Preamble of Charter: Whereas Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law

    • Natural law connection


Primary sources of law9
Primary Sources of Law

Other countries have laws that reflect their religious heritage

Examples? Qur’an, Hinduism, Shintoism

Canada’s laws also reflect the influence of moral philosophy or ethics


Primary sources of law10
Primary Sources of Law

  • Moral philosophy deals with the distinction between right and wrong in human behaviour and laws are affirmations of what society considers good and bad

  • Canada’s laws reflect strong moral sense that certain actions are wrong by their very nature – not because religion forbids it but because human reason tells us so



Homework
Homework

  • Homework-read Re Resolution to Amend the Constitution of Canada, [1981] 1SCR 753 p.44 & do ?’s 1-4 on p.45

  • Complete reading and summary notes according to last Friday’s handout


Primary sources of law11
Primary Sources of Law

Handout (given out last Friday):

Summarize notes from Chapter 2 for:

  • Lord’s Day Act (religious origin, issue, passage, challenge by big M)

  • Greek Influences (citizen participation & jury – s.3/11 of Charter)

  • Roman Influences (Code, lawyers)

  • Aboriginal Influences (oral tradition, Gayanashagowa, self-government, Nunavut)


Primary sources of law12
Primary Sources of Law

Summarize Notes for:

  • British influences – huge influence (jury, presumption of innocence, rule of law)

  • medieval history (trial by ordeal, William, King Henry II/circuit judges = caselaw/common law)


Primary sources of law13
Primary Sources of Law

Summarize notes for:

  • French Influences (French civil law & where it came from and link to Quebec civil code)


Primary sources of law14
Primary Sources of Law

Summarize notes for:

  • Canadian examples of influence of custom and convention (village/beach ex. and repatriation constitutional amending formula convention contraversy)

  • Note case on point on page 44 & 45 is part of assigned cases and questions


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