My I love choo-choo’s (and other swell things) Tsarist Survival guide. By Alex Hands. Why did the Tsar Survive this Revolution?. Point 1: The Rebels Lacked Direction ( Due to its spontaneous nature, the revolt lacked: ). Hi, I’m Tim (Tim). UNITY.
By Alex Hands
Point 1: The Rebels Lacked Direction
(Due to its spontaneous nature, the revolt lacked:)
Hi, I’m Tim (Tim).
The peasants, workers, and liberal politicians al wanted very different and sometimes contradictory things. The Liberals in particular were scared by the newly unleashed forces (A famous quote by Struvel; “Thank God for the Tsar, who has saved us from the people!”). In general, most sources point to the idea that very few people wanted all out Revolutionary Change, they merely wanted concessions from the Tsar.
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Lenin was in London, Stalin in Siberia, and Trotsky alienated many would be followers with his plan to actually overthrow the Tsar AND the entire political structure.
Point 2: The Tsar appeased the majority with the concessions made to Liberals and the Peasants
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*The lack of unity among his opponents made it easy for the Tsar to divide them
*The October Manifesto served to split the moderates from the revolutionaries.
were satisfied with the Tsar’s promise of land reform and agricultural disturbances fell off dramatically.
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feared “anarchy more than monarchy” (McAuley) were satisfied with the Tsar’s promise of a legislative Duma and a relaxation of censorship laws.
The Tsar uses the Army and Black Hundreds to crush the Proletariat
*The autocracy never really lost control of their main instruments of oppression. This aided greatly in its survival:
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Crushed other riots in the Baltic and Georgia and killed many Jews in Odessa
The workers lacked the will to further resist, General Strikes called in St. Petersburg and Moscow had slowed or calmed and most workers, needing to feed their families, simply returned to work.
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Regardless of its successes or failures, it had been established, and it had been a popular idea to provide hope and conversation for people and politics.
The division between different opposition groups had been highlighted:
(a) the Social Revolutionaries controlled the peasentry (which they held until after the Bolshevik takeover)
(b) the Social Democrats were cought unaware and lost credibility (and in turn, quite a bit of membership…90% by 1905.).