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Review of Impromptu Speeches How to organize How to prepare Guest Impromptu Speaker Practice Impromptu Real Impromptus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Plan for Monday. Review of Impromptu Speeches How to organize How to prepare Guest Impromptu Speaker Practice Impromptu Real Impromptus. Impromptu Speaking. “It takes three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.” -Mark Twain. Public Speaking. 2 Messages in a Speech:

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Plan for Monday

  • Review of Impromptu Speeches

    • How to organize

    • How to prepare

  • Guest Impromptu Speaker

  • Practice Impromptu

  • Real Impromptus


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Impromptu Speaking

“It takes three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.”

-Mark Twain


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Public Speaking

  • 2 Messages in a Speech:

    • Message delivered by speaker

    • Message received by listener

  • Goal of Speaker--intended message is clearly communicated

  • How message is received by audience:

    • Depends on Verbal Message (what speaker says)

    • Depends on Non-Verbal Message (how it is said)


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Organize the Message

  • Identify Purpose and Goal

    • Why a speech?

    • What do you hope to accomplish?

    • Inform? Persuade? Instruct?

  • Identify Central Idea

    • Must be relevant to audience: Why should they listen?

    • Not overly broad


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Select Purpose & Central Idea

  • Choose 2-3 Points

    • Reinforce your Central Idea

    • Highlight Central Idea through Examples

**IMPORTANT**

  • Plan Intro & Conclusion

    • Intro audience to topic

    • Reiterate Central Idea at end

    • EASY TO OVERLOOK CONCLUSION


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Select Purpose & Central Idea

Example 1

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the major uses of hypnosis.

Central Idea: Major uses of hypnosis are to control pain in surgery, help people stop smoking and help students improve their academic performance.

Example 2

Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that online voting should not be approved.

Central Idea: We should not approve online voting because it will increase voter fraud and disfranchise voters without Internet access.


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Scripting Body of SpeechChoose 2-3 Main Points

  • Balance Main Points

  • Distinguish Sub-points

  • Use Stories & Examples


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Scripting Body of SpeechOrganize Main Points

  • Chronological

    • Narrate a sequence of events, explain a process

  • Spatial

    • Follow a directional pattern--top to bottom, left to right

  • Causal or Problem-Solution

    • Shows a cause-effect relationship or issue-resolution

  • Topical

    • Divides into sub-topics


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Transitions

Show relationship between language, cue audience and enhance flow of speech

  • First, second, third…

  • Now that you understand the problem, I want to tell you about a solution…

  • In contrast to…; Similar to the first point…

  • Maybe you are wondering….

  • The key to this point is…

  • The bottom line is…


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Introduction

Get Attention!

State your purpose

Relate to your audience

Establish credibility

Preview your main points

Conclusion

Cue the end

Review your main points or central idea

Vivid ending

Plan Introduction & Conclusion


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Final Tips on Delivery

  • Don’t rush your introduction

  • Make eye contact with your audience before you begin to speak

  • Smile, look happy to be here

  • Pause at transitions

  • Sell this topic as exciting


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Practice Speeches

  • Pair off with a Neighbor & prepare a speech

  • Each person should pull a topic from the basket

  • Outline an Impromptu Speech

    • Identify 2-3 points

    • How will you introduce points?

    • How will you conclude?


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