How to manage globalization what must be the role of europe
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How to Manage Globalization? What must be the Role of Europe?. Joseph E. Stiglitz Aix en Provence July 5th, 2002. Views before September 11, Enron, Argentina:. Globalization increased openness to trade and capital flows provided the best promise for growth Free markets American style

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How to Manage Globalization? What must be the Role of Europe?

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How to manage globalization what must be the role of europe

How to Manage Globalization? What must be the Role of Europe?

Joseph E. Stiglitz

Aix en Provence

July 5th, 2002


Views before september 11 enron argentina

Views before September 11, Enron, Argentina:

  • Globalization

    • increased openness to trade and capital flows

    • provided the best promise for growth

  • Free markets

    • American style

    • provided the best economic system

  • The New Economy brought unprecedented prosperity

  • End of the Business Cycle


Since the beginning of the millennium i

Since the beginning of the millennium (I)

  • American recession and global slowdown:

    • Business cycle had not been repealed

  • Bursting of Tech Bubble

    • The New Economy had been partly hype

  • Enron Scandal

    • America had preached good “accounting” but practice deficient

    • Corporate Governance was a problem everywhere

    • Political interference in setting standards, bail-outs (LTCM)

    • Without good information, resources misallocated

  • California Electricity Scandal

    • Deregulation again failed

    • Markets had been manipulated


Since the beginning of the millennium ii

Since the beginning of the millennium (II)

  • September 11

    • Globalization had facilitated not only the flow of goods and services across borders

    • US policy on secret offshore banking centers had facilitated financing terrorists

  • Argentina

    • Failure of sixth major bail-out

    • IMF hadn’t learned the lessons of East Asia—contractionary policies worsen economic downturns

    • Privatization had contributed to crisis

    • Fixed exchange rate system had contributed to crisis

    • Throughout the region, countries are asking

      • Why does U.S. advocate expansionary fiscal policy when it has recession, but contractionary fiscal policies in developing countries?

      • Has globalization failed us? Has reform failed?


Since the beginning of the millennium iii

Since the beginning of the millennium (III)

  • More general dissatisfaction with globalization

    • IMF failed to fulfill its mandates

    • Trade Agenda imbalanced

    • Rules of the game set by North for North –or for special interests in the North

  • Problems are exacerbating American Unilateralism

    • Incongruity between America’s free trade—free market rhetoric and practice

      • Steel tariffs

      • New farm bill

      • Airline bail-out


The risk going forward

The Risk Going Forward

  • Swing of the Pendulum to the other extreme


My perspective i

My perspective (I)

  • Globalization can be a powerful positive force

    • Globalization of knowledge

    • Globalization of civil society

    • Greatest successes in countries of East Asia which took advantage of globalization, But on their own terms

  • Markets are essential for economic growth

    • But markets need to be regulated

    • Balance between excessive and insufficient regulation

      • Find the right regulatory framework


My perspective ii

My perspective (II)

  • Key problem is governance of globalization

    • Just at time when we need international institutions most, there is least confidence

    • Undemocratic (in the broad sense of term) and non-transparent

    • Allowing undue influence of special interests

    • Disproportionate role of U.S.—only country with veto power at IMF

      • Of special concern when U.S. pursues unilateralist polices

    • Pursuing unbalanced “Washington consensus” doctrines

    • A global financial system prone to crisis

    • Reluctance to address key policy issues, such as bankruptcy, in effective way


The way forward

The Way Forward

  • Not to abandon international institutions, but to reform them

  • Key question for Europe:

    • How should it deal with the U.S.: the role of global consensus building versus hard bargaining

    • How can it present a united front to counterbalance U.S. while respecting diversity of views and interests

  • Aspiration:

    • Global system which works, and not only for the few in the more advanced countries, but for everyone in all of the countries.


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