A FEDERAL SYSTEM. The new Constitution shifted the power from the states to sharing of power between the states and the national government known as federalism . The U.S Constitution is the supreme law of the land and the final authority in any dispute. System of Checks and Balances.
a. The Legislative Branch [bi-cameral; House of Representatives (population)and The Senate (equal)] which makes the laws
b. The Executive Branch(The President and federal agencies) that enforce and carry out the laws made by the legislature.
c. The Judicial Branch (The Supreme Court and other federal courts) which interprets the laws and actions of the other two branches.
◊ Can override President’s veto
◊ Approves treaties/presidential
◊ Creates lower federal courts
◊ Appropriates money
◊ Prints and coins money
◊ Raises and supports the armed forces
◊ Can declare war
◊ Regulates foreign and interstate trade
The U.S. Capitol Building
Carries out or enforces laws
- Proposes laws
- Can veto laws
- Negotiates foreign treaties
- Commander-in-Chief of armed forces
- Appoints federal judges, ambassadors etc.
- can grant pardons to federal offenders
The White House
- Can declare laws unconstitutional
- Can declare executive actions unconstitutional