Conditional sentences
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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES. Type 0 - Type 1 - Type 2 - Type 3 Mixed Conditionals Sentence connectors showing condition. Type 0 (general truths). They are used to express something which is always true. We can use WHEN instead of IF. If-clause : Present simple Main clause : Present simple.

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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

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Conditional sentences

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Type 0 - Type 1 - Type 2 - Type 3

Mixed Conditionals

Sentence connectors showing condition


Type 0 general truths

Type 0 (general truths)

  • They are used to express something which is always true.

  • We can use WHEN instead of IF.

If-clause:

Present simple

Mainclause:

Present simple

If/WhenitSNOWS, theroadsGETslippery and dangerous.


Type 1 real present

Type 1 (real present)

  • They are used to express real or very probable situations in the present or future.

  • They are also used to give instructions.

If-clause:

present simple

Mainclause:

future,

imperative, can/may/might/must/should/could

IftheyWORKhard, theyWILL FINISH theprojecton time.

IftheyFINISHtheproject, CALL me.

IftheyWORKhard, theyMAY FINISH theprojectbynext Friday.


Type 2 unreal present

Type 2 (unreal present)

  • They are used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the present and, therefore, are unlikely to happen in the present or future.

  • They are also used to give advice.

If I DIDN’T HAVE towork so much, I WOULDN’T BE so tired.

If-clause:

Past simple

Mainclause:

Would/could/might + bareinfinitive

IftheweatherWEREbetter,

weCOULD / MIGHT HAVE a picnic.


Type 3 unreal past

Type 3 (unreal past)

  • They are used to express situations which are contrary to facts in the past.

  • They are also used to express regrets or criticism.

If-clause:

Pastperfect

Mainclause:

Would/could/might + have + pastparticiple

If he HAD BEEN more careful,

he WOULDN’T HAVE MADE such a bigmistake.

IfyouHADN’T HAD a lot of luck, youCOULD/MIGHT HAVE LOST allyourmoney.


Mixed conditionals

MIXED CONDITIONALS

Type 2 – Type 3

  • We can form mixed conditionals, if the context permits it, by combining an if-clause from one type with a main clause from another.

  • The most common types are:

IfyouWERE more sensible, youWOULDN’T HAVE SPOKEN toyourparentslikethat.

Type 3 – Type 2

If he HADN’T STOLEN allthatmoney, he WOULDN’T BE in prisonnow.


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