Inventions and technology
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Inventions and Technology. By: Rob Hutchison. James Brindley. Born: 1716, Turnstead , England Died: Sept. 27, 1772 Civil Engineer First modern English canal engineer Designed and engineered the canal network necessary for industrialization of the midlands. . Early Life.

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Inventions and Technology

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Inventions and Technology

By: Rob Hutchison


James Brindley

  • Born: 1716, Turnstead, England

  • Died: Sept. 27, 1772

  • Civil Engineer

  • First modern English canal engineer

  • Designed and engineered the canal network necessary for industrialization of the midlands.


Early Life

  • Grew up in area populated by small tenant farmers

  • Barely literate throughout life

  • Worked as a laborer and showed interest in machinery

  • Was an apprentice to a millwright for 7 years.


Successes

  • Began survey for Duke’s Canal in 1759

  • In 1760 work began immediately on the canal

  • Constructed first canal aqueduct with stone span of 3 arches.


John Fitch

  • Born: Jan. 21, 1743; Windsor, Connecticut

  • Died: July 2, 1798

  • One of the first to produce serviceable steamboat


Early Life

  • Taken out of school at age 8 to do field chores

  • Taught himself elementary arithmetic and geography

  • Ran off to Rocky Hill, Connecticut to become a sailor, returned shortly

  • Became apprentice to two watchmakers

  • Eventually started to journey up and down east coast, until he stopped in Bucks County, PA around 1775


Successes

  • 1785 built model of steamboat to present to the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia

  • George Washington and Ben Franklin both backed his model

  • Took 3 tries to build a working model

  • In 1788 built working

    model that ran in record time.


Inventions (1730-1759)

  • 1742- Celsius temperature scale devised by Anders Celsius

  • 1746- Jean Etienne Guettard draws first geological map of France


Inventions (1730-1780)

  • 1752- Benjamin Franklin invents lightening conductor

  • 1769- James Watt patents steam engine

  • 1799- Louis Robert invents

    paper machine


Inventions (1760- 1789)

  • 1793- Cotton gin invented in America by Eli Whitney

  • 1796- Physician Edward Jenner creates vaccination for smallpox

    in England


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