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David Crittenden Director of Stewardship Communication & Funds Development. Stewardship is for Everyone. Eastern Oklahoma Presbytery. Who Am I?. Employment history Call to Financial Discipleship My money story. Who Are You?. Individual Christians Church members Presbyters. Who Are You?.

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David Crittenden Director of Stewardship Communication & Funds Development

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David crittenden director of stewardship communication funds development

David CrittendenDirector of StewardshipCommunication & Funds Development

Stewardship is for Everyone

Eastern Oklahoma Presbytery


Who am i

Who Am I?

  • Employment history

  • Call to Financial Discipleship

  • My money story


Who are you

Who Are You?

  • Individual Christians

  • Church members

  • Presbyters


Who are you1

Who Are You?

  • Givers

    • As individuals

    • As a session

    • As a presbytery

  • Receivers

    • As individuals

    • As a session

    • As a presbytery


What is stewardship

What is Stewardship?

  • What do you think it means?

  • One “official” definition

  • Our focus for this meeting


David crittenden director of stewardship communication funds development

People have money and they continue to

give. Religion is just no longer their charity of choice!

J. Clif Christopher


People of faith are generous givers

People of faith are generous givers.

Note: N=29,233. SOURCE: SCCBS

Source: Arthur C. Brooks, “Who Really Cares,” Basic Books, 2006, p. 192


Religious giving is facing increasing competition

Religious giving is facing increasing competition

Source: NCCS database by the Urban Institute


Giving to congregations as a percent of income

Giving to congregations as a percent of income

1925 = 3.5%

1960 = 3.1%

1995 = 2.4%

2001 = 2.7%

2003 = 2.3%

Source: The empty tomb, inc, Champaign, Illinois


Fact sheet on religious giving

Fact Sheet on Religious Giving

  • One out of five American Christians — 20% — give nothing to church, para-church or nonreligious charities.

  • The majority of American Christians give very little to church, para-church or nonreligious charities.

  • The top 5% of givers among American Christians give 59.6% of all charitable dollars.

  • In 1998, the mean or average Protestant household contributed $1,803.75 to charity. In 1998 the median Protestant household contributed $224 to charity.

Source: Christian Smith & Michael Emerson, “Passing the Plate,” Oxford, 2008.


Giving to denominations

Giving to Denominations


David crittenden director of stewardship communication funds development

2009 Congregational Economic Impact Study Confirmed:

Source: 2009 Congregational Economic Impact Study conducted by Alban Institute and Lake Institute on Faith & Giving at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University

Weekly church attendance matters.

Size of congregation matters.

Age of congregants matters.

Income of congregants matters.

Location matters.

Dependence on endowments matters.


The paradigm shift in religious giving

The Paradigm Shift in Religious Giving

The Old ParadigmThe Emerging Paradigm

Moral Obligation

Theology of Duty

Institution Centered

Institutions are to be Trusted

Institutions are Autonomous

Budgets are Need-Driven

Financial Focus is Insular

Giving is a Contribution

Fundraising is Raising Money

Incomes Sources are Limited

The Gift as an End to Philanthropy

Different from Business

Donor Cultivation

Theology of Grace

Donor Centered

Institutional Trust must be Earned

Donors are Collaborative Partners

Giving is Value-Driven

Financial Focus is Global

Giving is Creating Change

Fundraising is Nurturing Generosity

Income Sources are Diverse

The Gift as a Means to Philanthropy

Embraces Business Principles & Practices


Giving is relational

Giving is Relational

The relationship between the Giver:

...and God

...and the Congregation

...and the Religious Leader

...and the Denomination

...and the Wider World


Money is part of our faith journey

Money is part of our faith Journey

Fund raising is not a response to a crisis; it is a form of ministry!

Henri Nouwen


More nouwen

More Nouwen

Asking people for money is giving them the opportunity to put their resources at the disposal of the Kingdom.

God’s Kingdom is the place of abundance where every generous act . . . becomes part . . . of God at work in the world.

Henri Nouwen


Biblical foundations

Biblical Foundations

  • Genesis 1:1-2, 26

  • Psalm 24

  • Acts 2:42-47

  • 2 Corinthians 9:6-8


Stewardship theology

Stewardship Theology

  • Creation and all that is in it is God’s and it is good

  • We live out our faith and our response to God in community

  • We are children of God

Listen  Thank  Tell  Ask 


Stewardship theology1

Stewardship Theology

  • God’s promises are trustworthy and true

  • God has and will abundantly provide for us

  • Stewardship is about receiving and giving


What is our response

What is our response?

  • Joyfully receiving

    • I Corinthians 11:24-25

    • Recognize the good that is already yours

    • Work to accept forgiveness


What is our response1

What is our response?

  • Generosity

    • a movement of the soul that erupts when you recognize your direct connection to another soul

    • Nedivut verses Tzedakah

    • “I give to you because your need is my need, your suffering is my suffering. I feel one with you and respond as freely as if for myself.”


We still need to ask

We still need to ask

By most measures it is difficult to give to the congregation, the presbytery and the General Assembly Mission Council

Most of us don’t know the many Presbyterian ways we can find an outlet for our generosity because no one has asked us about our willingness to share or told us the impact our gifts have


How we ask is important

How we ask is important

Pay-the-bills congregations frame religious giving in mostly unspiritual terms as necessary to keep the doors open.

Share-the-vision congregations tend to connect and integrate money and spirituality.

Peter Mundey


How we ask is important1

How we ask is important

  • Supply Side:

    The Inclination Model

    - Focus is on the individual and his/her passions.

    - Potential donor is guided through a process of discernment.

    - Goal: to inspire the donor’s imagination.

    - Result: establishment of a relationship.

  • Demand Side:

    The Scolding Model

    - Focus is on the case or need.

    - Presentation is intended to awaken a sense of obligation or duty.

    - Goal: guilt, via psychological or spiritual inducements, awakens donor

    - Result: contribution is secured.


How can your church presbytery help

How can your church/presbytery help?

  • Remember individuals are giving “through” the church not “to” the church – they are looking for ways to make an impact on the transformation of the world

    • provide multiple ways and opportunities to share locally, regionally and nationally

    • Ask for support of a vision – not a budget


How can the church presbytery help

How can the church/presbytery help?

  • Provide Stewardship Education

    • Make Stewardship in general and financial discipleship in particular a part of many sermons year round

    • Encouraged members to share how their faith impacts their financial decisions and how their financial decisions witness to their faith.

    • Make Stewardship and financial discipleship themed book studies for adults and stewardship classes for children an integral part of the Christian education plan


How can your church presbytery help1

How can your church/presbytery help?

  • Model Stewardship as pastor and church leader

    • Share your financial discipleship journey

    • Commit to education as a student and a leader

    • Commit to personal generosity as a lifestyle

    • Commit to building the community, caring for creation, and receiving God’s grace


How can your church presbytery help2

How can your church/presbytery help?

  • Model stewardship corporately (as a church/presbytery)

    • Make decisions that reflect how you would like individual members to respond

    • Make practicing financial discipleship a priority for the whole faith community individually and corporately


How can your church presbytery help3

How can your church/presbytery help?

Share a commitment to stewardship

  • Use abundance language

  • Celebrate the impact we have together for the furthering of the Kingdom

  • Give permission and encourage faith/money dialogues in every group in which you participate


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