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Cenap Şehabettin Sok. No: 94 Koşuyolu – İstanbul Tel. : 216.428 7890 Faks: 216.428 7895 E-posta : [email protected] Call Center: 0800 261 6410 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Separate Collection and Recycling of Packaging : The Case for Turkey. Mete IMER General Manager ÇEVKO Workshop on Recycling of Waste Session III: Legal Framework and Policy Instruments on Separate Collection and Recycling 20-21 September 2011, Tirana, Albania.

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Cenap Şehabettin Sok. No: 94 Koşuyolu – İstanbul Tel. : 216.428 7890 Faks: 216.428 7895 E-posta : [email protected] Call Center: 0800 261 6410

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Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

SeparateCollectionandRecycling of Packaging: TheCaseforTurkey

Mete IMER

General Manager ÇEVKO

Workshop on Recycling of Waste

Session III: Legal FrameworkandPolicy

Instruments on SeparateCollectionandRecycling

20-21 September 2011, Tirana, Albania

Cenap Şehabettin Sok. No: 94 Koşuyolu – İstanbul

Tel. : 216.428 7890 Faks: 216.428 7895 E-posta : [email protected]

Call Center: 0800 261 6410


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Life Cycle of Packaging

Consumer

Municipality

SalesPoint

Sorter/Recycler

Filler/Packer

PackagingProducer


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Waste

Handling of Waste - ConventionalApproach

Landfilling


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Handling of Waste – SeparateCollection

Organic Wastes

Landfilling

Recyclable Wastes

Containers for Recyclable Wastes


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Definition of “Recycling”

What is recycling?

Recycling: Revaluation of wastematerialbyphysical, chemicalandbiologicalmeans.

Whatarerecyclablewastematerials?

Theyaremainlypackagingwaste,

made of:

  • glass,

  • metals,

  • plastics,

  • paper/board,

  • wood,

  • composites.


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

ProductsobtainedbyRecycling


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Benefits of RecyclingActivities

  • Environmentalbenefits:

    • Preventpollutionduetopackagingwaste

    • Helpprotection of forests

    • Helpdecreasinggreenhouseemissionsthatcauseclimatechange

  • Economicbenefits:

    • Minimize waste of resources

    • Saverawmaterialsandenergy

    • Createnewjobs

  • Socialbenefits:

    • Helpchanginghabits

    • Increaseawareness

    • Improvecorporateimage


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • EU LEGISLATION

  • EU Packaging Directive

Directive 94/62/EC revised as 2004/12/EC :

Deadline for allto 31.12.2008

for P, GR, IREto 31.12.2011

for new membersto 31.12.2012 - 2015

RecoveryMin.: 60 %

RecyclingMin.: 55%

Max.: 80 %

Recycling specific Materials

GlassMin.: 60 %

PaperMin.: 60 %

MetalMin.: 50 %

PlasticMin.: 22,5 %

WoodMin.: 15 %


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • EU LEGISLATION

ImplementationoftheEU PackagingDirective

Fund Scheme

runbyindustry

Iceland

Taxes

No compliancescheme

Denmark

EPR

but close to market

UK (PRN System)

Tax+ComplianceScheme

The Netherlands

Croatia

Fund versus EPR

27 with Producer Responsibility

Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Sweden, Greece, Latvia,

Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Norway, Finland, Italy, Serbia


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • EPR

ExtendedProducerResponsibility

UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection - 1985

Revision - January 1998

Added text on sustainable consumption. Consumers:

  • - Not enough purchasing power to influence producer decisions.

  • Not aware of environmental, economic, social and other impacts of purchasing decisions.

  • Not able to get optimal information about productsdueto illiteracy or technical reasons.

Extended Producer Responsibilityis a strategy designed to promote the integration of environmental costs associated with products throughout their life cycles into the market price of the products.


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • EPR

ExtendedProducerResponsibility (EPR)

An environmental policy approach, in which a producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product’s life cycle.

An EPR policy is characterised by:

shifting of responsibility (physically and/or economically; fully or partially) upstream toward the producer.

(2) the provision of incentives to producers to take into account environmental considerations when designing their products.


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

Financing of selective collection, sorting, recovery and recycling of packaging waste by industry

Communicating to consumers tocreate new behaviours

Founded by and run in the interest of fillers, packagingproducersand retailers

Independent of government and waste management companies

Implementation of Producer Responsibility

Sharing of responsibility and financing

Collection and recovery systems

Recycling Quotas

  • EPR

ExtendedProducerResponsibility (EPR)

Uniformity

Diversity

 Every system has to find its own way taking into account the respective local circumstances.


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

Development of Legal Infrastructure in Turkey

1991 - 2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

  • Regulation on theControl of PackagingandPackagingWastewasintroduced.

  • Regulation on theControl of SolidWastewasintroduced.

  • Revision of thePackagingWasteControlRegulation.

  • Change in theregulation.

  • Obligationtosellto “licensed” recyclers

  • The scopewaslimited. Onlysalespackagingexcludingpaper & board.

  • Allpackaging.

  • Revision in the

  • EnvironmentLaw

  • Clarified

  • obligations.

  • Changes in documentionrequirements.

  • ÇEVKO wasannounced as “AuthorizedRecoveryOrganization” bytheMinistry of Environment.

  • ÇEVKO wasfounded

  • (1991).

  • Transfer of someMoEdutiestolocaldirectorates.

  • ÇEVKO joined PRO Europe

  • (GREEN DOT ) (2002).

Phase I

Phase II


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

Phase I: VoluntaryActions

1991 - 2004

Sufficient time for:

  • Regulation on theControl of SolidWastewasintroduced.

  • Collecting data

  • Increasingpublicawareness

  • Developinginfrastructure

  • Developingapplicablemodels

  • The scope is limited. Onlysalespackagingexcludingpaper & board.

  • ÇEVKO wasfounded

  • (1991).

  • ÇEVKO joined PRO Europe

  • (GREEN DOT ) (2002).


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

Phase II: Legal Obligations

ComplyingwiththerevisedTurkishLaw of Environment.

Complying with the Regulation on Packaging Waste Control of Turkey (influencedbytheEU legislation).


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

AUTHORIZED INSTITUTION

  • TURKEY

Phase II: Legal Obligations

Ministry of Environment-LocalEnvironmentDirectorates

PackagingWaste

Regulation

Separatecollection

Training

Communication

Municipalities,

LicensedCollectors/Sorters

Policymaking

Licensing

Enforcement

Fillers,

Packers,

Importers,

AuthorizedRecoveryOrganization

Declaration

RecyclingTargets

Training

Communication


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

Phase II: Legal Obligations

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR RECYCLING TARGETS?

  • Packers/fillers, brandowners

  • Importers

WHAT KIND OF PACKAGING?

  • Sales, group, transport

  • Household, commercial,

  • industrial


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

AUTHORIZED INSTITUTION

  • TURKEY

Phase II: RecyclingTargets


Evko foundation

TURKEY

  • Founded by leading industrial companies in Turkey in 1991.

  • Not-for-profit, non-governmentalorganization, set up voluntarily.

  • Objective:

  • To set up a sustainablerecoverysystem in Turkeywiththecollaboration of theindustry, municipalitiesandconsumers.

ÇEVKO Foundation


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

LEGAL GUIDELINES

  • TURKEY

Members of ÇEVKO Foundation

ADM - AK GIDA - AMWAY – ANA GIDA – ANADOLU CAM SANAYİ - ANADOLU EFES BİRACILIK - ARTENIUS – BERİCAP - BESLER - BP PETROL – CARREFOURSA - COCA-COLA MEŞ. PAZ. - COCA-COLA İÇECEK - CROWN BEVCAN – DELLA GIDA- DANONE - ECZACIBAŞI BEIERSDORF – EDİRNE YAĞ - ELİF PLASTİK – EMEK YAĞ- ERBAK-ULUDAĞ - ETİ GIDA - FATSU - HAYAT KİMYA – JOHNSON&JOHNSON - KAFKAS - KAYSERİ ŞEKER FAB. - KOPAŞ KOZMETİK - KOROZO - LOREAL KOZMETİK – MARSAN - MARSHALL - MEHMETLER YAĞ– MİGROS – MOBİL OIL – NESTLE WATERS - ORIFLAME - PAPIX PLASTİK - PEPSİ-COLA - PFIZER - PINAR SU – PLAŞ PLASTİK - PROCTER & GAMBLE – RECKITT BENCKISER - REXAM PAKETLEME - ROCHE - ROTOPAK - SARTEN- SHELL TURCAS- TAMEK GIDA - TARİŞ – TAT – TETRA PAK –TÜRK TUBORG – UNILEVER - ÜLKER - WELLA KOZMETİK – YUDUM GIDA


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

SEPARATED BY TYPE OF PACKAGING WASTE

  • TURKEY

DOCUMANTATION

SERVICE FEE

EPR Model forPackagingWaste

Consumers, public institutions, factories, salespoints, airports, otherbusinesses, etc.

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT

PACKAGING WASTE

DOCUMENTATION

LICENSING

AUTHORIZATION

MUNICIPALITIES

SORTERS/COLLECTORS

CONTRACT

CONTRACT

SERVICE FEE

CONTRACT

ÇEVKO (AuthorizedRecoveryOrganization)

LICENSING

CONTRACT

COST OF MATERIAL

ECONOMIC OPERATORS

RECYCLERS


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

EffectiveCommunication


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

SeparateCollectionMethods


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

SeparateCollectionMethods

ByRecoveryContainers

From

  • Housingcomplexes

  • Schools

  • Shoppingareas

  • Industrialcomplexes

  • Offices


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

SeparateCollectionMethods

ByCollectionBags

  • Fromhouses

  • Fromrestaurants, hotels, cafes, smallbusinesses


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

  • TURKEY

PackagingWasteSortingFacilities


Cenap ehabettin sok no 94 ko uyolu stanbul tel 216 428 7890 faks 216 428 7895 e posta cevko cevko org tr call center 0800 261 6410

Thankyou.

[email protected]

www.cevko.org.tr


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