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The Supreme Court PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What you need to know about. The Supreme Court. Facts. There are nine judges on the court The judges are called “ justices ” The main justice is called the “ Chief Justice ” Justices are appointed by the President and approved by the U.S. Senate They serve for life. The Current Court.

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The Supreme Court

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What you need to know about

What you need to know about...

The Supreme Court


Facts

Facts

  • There are nine judges on the court

  • The judges are called “justices”

  • The main justice is called the “Chief Justice”

  • Justices are appointed by the President and approved by the U.S. Senate

  • They serve for life


The current court

The Current Court


What cases

What Cases

  • They only hear cases that are brought to them by people who are unhappy with an earlier ruling (called “appeal”)

  • Of thousands of cases brought to them each year, they only hear about 50.

  • The cases always have something to do with the Constitution

  • The first name is always the person doing the suing (Plessy v. Ferguson)


Oral arguments

Oral Arguments

  • The day of the “trial,” lawyers on each side present their arguments to the 9 justices (called oral arguments)

  • They each have about 45 minutes to make their case

  • Then the justices ask them a bunch of very hard questions to try to poke holes in their arguments


Where oral arguments are heard

Where oral arguments are heard


Conference ruling

Conference/Ruling

  • After the oral arguments, the justices discuss the case

  • They vote who they think had the better argument. Majority rules

  • A unanimous decision would be 9-0, but this is rare.

  • Usually the decision is more like 5-4


The conference room

The Conference Room


Opinions

Opinions

  • A justice is chosen to write the “opinion” of the court

  • If some justices disagree with the other justices they write a “dissenting opinion” (a protest)

  • If some justices agree with the majority, but for different reasons they write a “concurring opinion”


Timeline

Timeline

  • Because these papers (the “opinions”) are sometimes 4o pages long and take months to write, decisions are usually announced several months after oral arguments

  • The term of the court goes from October to June


Yesterday

Yesterday…


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