Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp
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Roseville Rail Yard Air Monitoring Project (RRAMP). Yushuo Chang Placer County Air Pollution Control District EPA National Air Quality Conference April 8, 2008 Portland, Oregon. To Sacramento westbound trains. Sac-Placer County Line. Main Departure Yard. Rock pile Yard. North side

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Roseville Rail Yard Air Monitoring Project (RRAMP)

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Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Roseville Rail YardAir Monitoring Project (RRAMP)

Yushuo Chang

Placer County Air Pollution Control District

EPA National Air Quality Conference

April 8, 2008

Portland, Oregon


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

To Sacramento

westbound trains

Sac-Placer County Line

Main Departure Yard

Rock pile Yard

North side

Tracks

(through trains)

Hump-Trim

Main Receiving Yard

Service Area:

Staging Tracks

Wash Racks

Service Tracks

Mod/Search Bldg.

Maintenance. Shop

Ready Tracks

Subway

City Yard

Downtown

Roseville

Northbound Tracks

Eastbound Tracks


Overview

Overview

  • Background

  • Project Design

  • Data Analysis

  • Next Step


Background

Background


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Facts about theRoseville Rail Yard

  • Located near City of Roseville

    • occupies about 950 acres, 2/3 in Placer County and 1/3 in Sacramento County

  • Maintenance, service and classification yard (24/7 operation)

    • the largest rail facility on the West Coast

  • About 31,000 locomotives stopped at the Yard in 2000

    • Plus additional 15,000 non-stop locos through the yard

    • 2,350,000 gallons of fuel dispensed monthly


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

ARB Rail Yard Study

  • In 2000, Placer County APCD (PCAPCD) asked California Air Resources Board (CARB) to conduct a risk assessment of Rail Yard in response to community concerns.

  • ARB agreed, conducted the study, and released results in October 2004.


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Key Findings in ARB Study

  • Diesel PM emissions estimated to be about 25 tons in 2000

  • Large region impacted by the diesel PM emissions from the Yard

    • excess cancer risk of 100-500/million affect an area in which 14,000-26,000 people live

    • excess cancer risk of 10-100/million affect an area in which 140,000-155,000 people live


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Agreement

Between UP and PCAPCD

  • Mitigation Plan

    • UP committed to reduce diesel PM emissions from 2000 baseline level by 25% by the end of 2007

  • Monitoring Project (RRAMP)

    • UP to provide at least $100,000 to monitor diesel PM emissions from the rail yard

  • Grant Program

    • UP committed to provide at least $150,000 to reduce one ton of diesel PM from other sources in Roseville area


Project design

Project Design


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

RRAMP Objectives

  • Determine, through monitoring, localized air pollutant concentrations from the UPRR facility

  • Verify if possible effectiveness of mitigation measures over time

  • Provide feedback to the community

  • Provide information for further modeling analysis


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Project Participants

  • Placer County APCD (project coordinator)

  • UPRR (funding, logistics)

  • Sacramento AQMD (funding, resources)

  • South Coast AQMD (laboratory analysis)

  • USEPA Region 9 (funding, resources)

  • CARB (audits, resources)

  • Technical Advisory Committee (TAC)


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Monitoring Strategy

  • Utilize two pairs of upwind/downwind site locations

  • Minimize non-UPRR emissions sources between each pair

  • Optimize pair orientation to the prevailing wind direction

  • Optimize time of year with predominance of prevailing wind: summer months


Monitoring strategy cont d

Monitoring Strategy (cont’d)

  • One pair located to cover area with model-predicted maximum impact

  • Second pair located where logistics can find optimum directional (prevailing wind) alignment


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Diurnal Considerations

  • Time of day of most persistent winds

    • night time

  • Emissions from Rail Yard during time of most persistent winds

    • Constant emissions from yard activities


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Roseville plot showing the persistent wind direction in summer


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Diagnostic variance in hourly DPM emissions very constant


Instrumentation approach

Instrumentation Approach

  • Utilize continuous monitors to capture short-term details:

    • Aethalometers (for black carbon)

    • BAMs (for PM2.5)

    • NO/NOx Analyzers

    • Wind


Instrumentation approach cont d

Instrumentation Approach (cont’d)

  • Use filter based FRMs to compare continuous measurements to reference methods for PM

    • Teflon filter for PM2.5 mass

    • Quartz filter for EC/TC

  • Establish model grade met tower on UPRR facilities

    • Erect on-site wind data


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Aerial View of Sites

Prevailing wind direction


Denio pool sites

Denio/Pool Sites


Church vernon sites met tower

Church/Vernon Sites & Met Tower


Data analysis

Data Analysis


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Project Duration

  • 3 Years (2005-2007)

  • Denio / Pool sites:

    • 2005: 7/15~10/15

    • 2006 & 2007: 6/15~10/15

  • Church St. / Vernon St. sites:

    • 2005: 9/7~10/15

    • 2006 & 2007: 6/15~10/15


On site met tower in consistent with roseville in carb study

On-site Met Tower in consistent with Roseville in CARB Study

June ~ September

2200 ~ 0500


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Screening Criteria

  • Wind Direction

    • Between 45o and 225o to capture max impacts from emissions

  • Wind Speed

    • Between 1 and 4 m/s to avoid calm or windy conditions

  • Time Frame

    • Overnight hours from 10PM to 5AM during period of steady winds and emissions


Average 7 hours nighttime bc

Average 7 hours nighttime BC


Average 7 hours nighttime pm 2 5

Average 7 hours nighttime PM2.5


Average 7 hours nighttime no

Average 7 hours nighttime NO


Average 7 hours nighttime nox

Average 7 hours nighttime NOx


Average nighttime frm results for 2006

Average nighttime FRM results for 2006


Average nighttime bc pm 2 5 from continuous monitors in 2006

Average nighttime BC/PM2.5from continuous monitors in 2006


Average nighttime no nox from continuous monitors in 2006

Average nighttime NO/NOxfrom continuous monitors in 2006


Summary

Summary

  • Higher average concentrations at downwind sites relative to upwind site is highly significant.

  • Little or no significant difference in concentrations between upwind sites

  • Ratios of NO/NOx and BC/PM2.5 are indicative of fresh emissions at downwind sites only


Next step

Next Step


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

2007 Report

  • Analysis is in progress

    • Draft report will be submitted to PCAPCD governing Board in June, 2008

  • 3-year trend analysis

    • Re-analyzing 2005 data to reconcile with 2006 & 2007 data analysis procedures

    • 2005 ~ 2007


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Additional Monitoring

  • Rationales: potential emission reduction

    • Low sulfur diesel usage

    • Idling management practice

    • Switcher replacement/upgrades

  • Monitoring period

    • Same as 2006 & 2007

  • 2008 data report

    • Including 4 year (2005 ~ 2008) trend analysis


Roseville rail yard air monitoring project rramp

Contact Information

Yushuo Chang

Planning & Monitoring Supervisor

[email protected]

(530)745-2325

Placer County APCD website

http://www.placer.ca.gov/Departments/Air/railroad.aspx


Questions

Questions?


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