Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations
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USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations. Michael P. Bailey Technical Director Operations Analysis Division, USMC Quantico, VA. USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations.

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USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations

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Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations

Michael P. Bailey

Technical Director

Operations Analysis Division, USMC

Quantico, VA


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations1

USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations

Michael P. Bailey

Beast, Knob, (Fresh)Meat, Rat, Peeper, Grasshopper, Sunshine, FNG, Pup, Rookie, Nube, Greenbean, Sprout, Awake


Outline

OUTLINE

  • Explaining ECO

  • ECO Scenario

  • Ongoing and Recent Studies


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Enhanced Company Operations

“An approach to the operational art that maximizes the tactical flexibility offered by true decentralized mission accomplishment, consistent with commander’s intent and facilitated by improved command and control, intelligence, logistics, and fires capabilities.”

- A Concept for Enhanced Company Operations

CMC: 28 Aug 2008


Power to the edge enhanced company operations

POWER TO THE EDGEEnhanced Company Operations

  • CLOC: Company-level Operations Cell

  • CLIC: Company-level Intelligence Cell

  • Scout Section

  • Controllers of Indirect Fires (Air, Surface-to-Surface, Naval)

  • In order to…

  • distribute forces safely, re-aggregate to reinforce

  • increase the area of responsibility of the Rifle Company

  • increase the mi2/Marine


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Rifle Company Table of Organization

1st Platoon

2d Platoon

3d Platoon

Assault Section

Mortar Section

MG Section

Weapons Platoon

HQ Section


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Enhanced Rifle Company

2d Platoon

3d Platoon

1st Platoon

Mortar Section

MG Section

Scout Section

Weapons Platoon

HQ Section


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Enhanced Rifle Company

2d Platoon

3d Platoon

1st Platoon

Mortar Section

MG Section

Scout Section

Weapons Platoon

HQ Section


Scenario road to crisis

Country B is a cruel dictatorship

portion of Country B’s military splits off (insurgents)

occupies RedZone

declares separate state

Country B attacks with 2 x BN

NW A-sters are sympathetic to the insurgency

Country A’s govt wants the insurgents routed, reestablished governance of RedZone

Country A convinces USA to Send in the Marines

0

25miles

SCENARIO: ROAD TO CRISIS

RedZone

COUNTRY B

COUNTRY A

FAKEWATER

SEA

GULF OF

NOTREALLY

ESG: LHA, LPD, LSD, CG, DDG, SSN, MEU(SOC)


Blt 1 1

(Rein)

(Rein)

BLT 1/1

12 x CH-46

4 x CH-53

4 x AH-1W

3 x UH-1N

6 x AV-8B

2 x KC-130 on tether

MEU(SOC) ACE

Seabased

artillery battery

truck det.

tanks

amphibians

engineer det.

recon det.

infantry company


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

(-)

To the

Seabase

75nmi

  • MEU(SOC) Mission Phases

  • Ship-to-Objective Maneuver

    • Air

    • Surface (limited)

  • Clear in zones to press enemy forces across the border

  • Stabilize Border Region

    • Close Border

    • Establish ISR Zones

    • Provide Security

    • Enable Locals

    • Protect the Refugee Camps

    • IO Campaign

Population Centers

50,000 or greater

25,000-50,000

10,000-25,000

0-10,000


Insurgent elements in country a

ORGANIZATION

Operates in 4-5 man teams, capable of operating up to Platoon (50 pers).

Can mass a single Co. (100-150 pers)

EQUIPMENT

C4I capacity

VHF squad radios

Cell Phone primary comms (reliable)

Landline alternate comms (unreliable)

Commercial Satellite Internet

COTS encryption

INSURGENT ELEMENTS IN COUNTRY A


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

w

w

w

w

MASS

MASS

CURRENT EN SIT OVERLAY

Known Insurgent Vehicle

Established Roadblock

Recruitment (Willing)

Mortar Engagement

Light Air Defense Weapon

Mass Demonstration


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Studying ECO from various angles…


Marine advanced unit infantry maui

Marine Advanced Unit, Infantry (MAUI)

Establish baseline simulation capability for small unit operations in urban environments

Model using IWARS (USArmy, Natick Soldier System Center)

McKenna terrain box

small arms’ effects

human performance

agent-based logic

Background

Question(s)

  • Can we calibrate a simulation for effectiveness of squad-sized forces in urban environment, across a variety of circumstances?

  • Can we make statements about simple but effective rules about distributing/aggregating?

  • Quantify the value of the ECO Enhancements?

Status

  • Simulation challenging, partially successful

  • Human performance being calibrated with live experiments

  • Partners: USArmy, USNavy, Old Dominion University


Tactical mobility for smaller scale magtf operations in the future

Tactical Mobility for Smaller Scale MAGTF Operations in the Future

Background

Question(s)

  • ECO CONOPS being developed in an environment of flux in tactical vehicle Programs

    • MRAP

    • Armoring

    • Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

    • Internally Transported Vehicle (MV-22)

  • What are the performance-driving characteristics for various tactical vehicle alternatives for ECO?

  • What are the impacts on

    • strategic mobility?

    • amphibious operations?

    • general purpose forces?

Status

  • Ongoing meta-analysis

  • Options being tested in Afghanistan

  • JLTV AoA (USArmy lead)

MAGTF RBE

Threat/End State

Sea Base?

SSMAGTF Area

of Effectiveness

Communications

Use TRANSCOM?

SSMAGTF Area

of Effectiveness


Unmanned ground vehicles ugv s

Squad Sustainability

Squad Comms

Squad Survivability

Squad Mobility

Squad Lethality

Given: That the Squad as a System

is the correct way to think about acquisition

decisions for infantry equipment

Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV’s)

Background

Question(s)

  • DARPA and USMC science and technology projects developing unmanned ground vehicles

  • Unmanned Challenge I, II, III

  • Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS): Squad as a System

  • What is a reasonable role for UGV’s in supporting distributed small units?

  • What are important breakpoints in range, capacity, speed?

Status

  • Developing ECO planning factors for supply and support

  • Network simulation

  • Live experimentation

  • Branching into Cargo Unmanned Aerial System (Cargo UAS)

?


Future squad power needs

Future Squad Power Needs

Background

Question(s)

  • Growth of battery-powered devices in current operation

  • Enhanced units add target location and designation, more comm, cameras, other intel and recon devices

  • What is the projected future demand for power in a squad under ECO?

  • Quantify the benefits of standardization of powerpacks?

  • Can equipment density be a burden?

Status

  • Power requirements are elusive

  • Density question requires simulation with human performance, long scenario duration

  • Power questions co-mingle with supply requirements questions


Air cargo delivery in support of eco

Air Cargo Delivery in Support of ECO

Background

Question(s)

  • Joint Precision Air Delivery System (JPADS)

  • Not-so-precise air delivery

  • Helicopter-based resupply

  • Trucks in convoys

  • What are requirements for air delivery in an ECO scenario?

    • capacity

    • frequency

    • precision

Status

  • Merging with other logistical support questions

  • Precision delivery key enabler in Afghanistan


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

C4ISR Modeling and Analysis

Background

Question(s)

  • Satellite Tool Kit provides ability to integrate and visualize operational plans in 3D

  • Robust ability to model and analyze C4ISR capabilities

  • OAD providing analytic support to MEB for current ops planning

  • What are the ISR coverage gaps?

  • How will terrain effect comm links?

  • What joint ISR assets should we request to support current ops?

Status

  • Study started Feb 09

  • OAD currently provided pre-deployment analysis to MEB

  • Deployed STK-trained analyst with reach-back support


Anti armor system mix study

Anti-Armor System Mix Study

Background

Question(s)

  • USMC transitioning to Predator anti-armor weapon

  • Current operations – AA weapons used for other purposes

  • What are the overall anti-armor requirements for an Enhanced Company?

  • How often is the true anti-armor capability required?

  • Quantify effectiveness of mixes

  • Force structure and weapons systems in the MAGTF based in the 2025 timeframe.

Status

  • Using static capability assessment

  • Just underway


Supplimental information

SUPPLIMENTAL INFORMATION


Usmc enhanced company operations eco analytical support to the emerging concept of operations

Weapons Platoon Overview

Summary of Changes :

  • Weapons Platoon

    • Assault Section Leader billet is lost

      • Assault section personnel and weapons placed under Rifle Platoons

    • Scout Section formed under Weapons Platoon

      • 13 total personnel

      • Weapons Platoon Sergeant Billet (0369/GySgt) becomes the Scout Section Leader billet

        • Scout Section Leader formally trained and certified to serve as a Joint Tactical Air Controller (JTAC)

    • Machine Gun Section is reduced to 4 guns / 2 squads – teams are changed from 3 to 4 Marines (squads from 7 to 9 Marines)


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