Erik erikson and life cycle
Download
1 / 20

Erik Erikson and Life Cycle - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 137 Views
  • Uploaded on

Erik Erikson and Life Cycle. Life History. Born in June 15, 1902. A Danish mother and German father. Raised as a Jew, married a Christian and converted to Christianity. At 18, he graduated from a classical gymnasium. He studied Latin, Greek, German Literature and Ancient History.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Erik Erikson and Life Cycle' - erwin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Life history
Life History

  • Born in June 15, 1902. A Danish mother and German father.

  • Raised as a Jew, married a Christian and converted to Christianity.

  • At 18, he graduated from a classical gymnasium. He studied Latin, Greek, German Literature and Ancient History.

  • In 1927, got training from Anna Freud on psychoanalysis.

  • Married to Joan in 1929, who became her research partner.


Life history1
Life History

  • In 1933, he became the full member of Vienna Psychoanalytical Society.

  • Joined Yale Medical School in 1936. Studied psychological symptoms, including the lack of self-image or identity, that were related to a sense of loss of cultural tradition.

  • Continued Research on Development stages of Life, since 1940. He studied the lives of Martin Luther and Mahatma Gandhi of India.

  • Passed away in 1997.


An epigenetic model of human development
An Epigenetic Model of Human Development

  • Named by Erikson, Epigenesis (epi means uponand genesis means emergence) was the first psychological theory to detail the human life cycle, from infancy to adulthood and old age; Epigenesis suggests that each element develops on top of other parts.


Stage 1 basic trust vs basic mistrust
Stage 1- Basic Trust Vs Basic Mistrust

  • Age: 0 to 1 year old

  • Psychosocial Crisis: Trust vs. Mistrust

  • Virtue: Hope

  • Corresponds to Freud's oral stage centers around the infant's basic needs being met by the parents.

  • Primary Caregivers give trust or mistrust


Stage 2 autonomy vs shame doubt
Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt

  • Age: Toddlers, 2 to 3 years

  • Main Question: "Can I do things myself or must I always rely on others?"

  • Virtue: Will

  • As the child gains control over eliminative functions and motor abilities, they begin to explore their surroundings.


Stage 3 initiative vs guilt
Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt

  • Age : Preschool, 4 to 6 years

  • Main Question: "Am I good or am I bad?"

  • Virtue: Purpose

  • Related Elements in Society: ideal prototypes/roles

  • The child is learning to master the world around him or her.

  • Guilt is a new emotion and is confusing to the child.


Stage 4 industry vs inferiority
Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority

  • Age : Childhood, 7 to 12 years.

  • Main Question: "Am I successful or worthless?"

  • Virtue: Competence

  • Related Elements in Society: division of labor

  • Erikson viewed the elementary school years as critical for the development of self-confidence.


Stage 5 identity vs role confusion
Stage 5: Identity vs. Role Confusion

  • Age : Adolescents, 13 to 19 years.

  • Main Question: "Who am I and where am I going?"

  • Ego quality: Fidelity

  • Related Elements in Society: Ideology

  • Child develops a sense of sexual identity. Sometimes the roles becomes confusing.


Stage 6 intimacy vs isolation
Stage 6: Intimacy vs. Isolation

  • Age : Young Adults, 20 to 34 years.

  • Main Question: "Am I loved and wanted?" or "Shall I share my life with someone or live alone?"

  • Ego quality: Love

  • Related Elements in Society: patterns of cooperation (often marriage)


Stage 7 generativity vs stagnation
Stage 7: Generativity vs. Stagnation

  • Age : Middle Adulthood, 35 to 65 years.

  • Main Question: "Will I produce something of real value?"

  • Virtue: Care

  • Related Elements in Society: parenting, educating, or other productive social involvement


Stage 8 ego integrity vs despair
Stage 8: Ego Integrity vs. Despair

  • Age : Seniors, 65 years onwards.

  • Main Question: "Have I lived a full life?"

  • Virtue: Wisdom




ad