Lesson Ten. Diogenes and Alexander Gilbert Highet . Teaching Procedures. About the Author About the Text Text structure Word Study Detailed Discussion of the Text In-class Discussion.
Diogenes and Alexander
Gilbert Highet (1906—1978) was born in Glasgow, Scoltland, educated at Glasgow and at Oxford, and became a naturalized American citizen in 1951.He was known for his scholarly and critical writing.About the Author
sb who behaves in a crazy or very stupid way; a mad man
word origin: Insanity was once believed to be controlled by the moon and its phases. Lunatic literally means “moonstruck”, subject to the changes of the moon, and comes from the Latin word luna,moon.
know of sb: you have been told or you have read or heard about this person.
playing tricks on people or doing things to annoying or embarrass them
e.g. a mischievous look/smile/trick
a mischievous letter/rumor
a person who lives in an empty building or on a piece of land without pay any rent.
very bad morally
e.g. a corrupt society
dishonest, illegal, or immoral behavior
a round wooden container used for storing wine or other liquids
to use satire to make fun of people’s faults
e.g. a play satirizing the fashion industry
to change or make someone change their opinion, belief or habit.
e.g. I have converted to decaffeinated coffee.
convert sb to sth
e.g. My daughter finally converted me to Gun ‘n’ Roses.
(fml) explain or make sth clear by giving details
e. g. He expounded his views on education to me at great length.
a belief or set of beliefs that form the main part of a religion or system of ideas.
e.g. Marxist doctrine, the doctrine of predestination
carefully worked out and full of details
e.g. elaborate furniture/meals/plan/system/hairstyle
the act of spending a lot of money on things that are not necessary
e.g. His extravagance explains why he is always in debt.
to obtain sth, esp sth that is difficult to get
e.g. The book is out of print and difficult to procure.
e.g. the procurement of goods,raw materials, supplies,weapons
easy to fall into decay if not kept under specific conditions.
e.g. Perishable food should be stored in a refrigerator.
perishables: n. [pl.]
goods (esp food) which go bad or decay quickly, such as fish or soft fruit
originally a person sent by a church to a foreign country to convert local people to Christianity
Here: a person who feels that he has a mission or sacred duty to do sth
1) behaving in a polite, kind, generous and honorable way, esp towards women
2) (in the Middle Ages) showing the qualities of a perfect knight.
(fml) try to do as well as or better than sb
e.g. She tried to emulate her ealder sister at the piano.
e.g. She worked hard in emulation of her elder sister.
a statement that seems impossible because it contains two oppositing ideas that are both true.
e.g. “More haste, less speed” is a well known paradox.
1) all agreeing on a decision or an opinion
e.g. The villagers are unanimous in their opposition to the building of a bypass.
2) (of a decision, an opinion,etc) given or hold by everybody
e.g. The proposal was accepted with unanimous approval.
5. But he taught chiefly by example.
Diogenes’s encounter with Alexander
1). What does Diogenes mean when he says that Alexander is blocking his sun?
2). “He (Alexander) knew that of all the men then alive I the world only Alexander the conqueror and Diogenes the beggar were free?” Why?
1. “She smiled, he frowned.” Why? (para. 2)
2. What could Vera have seen in the man that made him not without attraction? (para 30)
3. Why do you think Vera sold the piano? (para 42)
4. “You are not going?” (para 53)
a) Why did Vera suddenly begin to unbutton her collar again and draw down her veil?
b) What had the man said to hurt her feelings?
5. “It simply was that we were such egoists, so self-engrossed, so wrapped up in ourselves that we had not a corner in our hearts for anybody else.” Is this a pretty accurate description of the man himself? Do you think Vera is just like the man?