D-Day June 6 th , 1944. Stephen K. & Dan T. Ms. Pojer WXY Sophomore EHAP. Essential Question. How did the Allies’ use of spies and deception lead to the overall success of the D-Day invasion?. Spies. “Garbo”. A.K.A. Juan Pujol Garcia. Code named after the famous actress, Gretta Garbo.
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June 6th, 1944
Stephen K. & Dan T.
Ms. Pojer WXYSophomore EHAP
How did the Allies’ use of spies and deception lead to the overall success of the D-Day invasion?
Juan Pujol Garcia
Code named after the famous actress, Gretta Garbo
1. Establish himself as a German spy
Despite defeat at Normandy, Hitler still trusted Garbo as his own spy and awarded him the German Iron Cross award
Mutt and Jeff
In War time, truth is so precious that she should always be surrounded by a bodyguard of lies.
Goal: Convince the Germans that an invasion would come from Pas de Calais.
Pas de Calais was the logical point of attack because it is the closest area from France to England.
Goal: Convince the Germans that the allies had two army groups
21st army group – Montgomery (real)
1st U.S. Army Group (FUSAG) – Patton (FAKE)
German aerial view
Dummy landing craft
Gen. Omar Bradley US
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower US
Marshall Montgomery Br.
Gen. George S. Patton US
Lt. Miles Dempsey Br.
General Spaatz US
General Omar Bradley
LT. Miles Dempsey
Our landings have failed and I have withdrawn the troops. My decision to attack at this time and place was based on the best information available. The troops, the air and the navy did all that bravery could do. If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt it is mine alone.
"to preserve … our civilization and to set free a suffering humanity." - Franklin D. Roosevelt
“The whole of the South Coast of England is a bastion of defense against the invasion of Hitler; you\'ve got to turn it into the springboard for our attack." - Winston Churchill
“I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full victory.”
- General Dwight D. Eisenhower
I remember seeing all the dead bodies littering the beach. Some were killed on the first landing. They were fodder for the Germans gun. Others were washed in by the tide where their boats had been caught.
- Sr. Bernard Morgan
4,500 Allied and American troops dead