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The Federal Court System. Article III of the Constitution established a national Supreme Court. It also gave the Congress the power to establish other inferior courts. Criminal and Civil Cases. The United States really has two separate court systems. The state courts and federal courts.

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Presentation Transcript
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The Federal Court System

  • Article III of the Constitution established a national Supreme Court.

  • It also gave the Congress the power to establish other inferior courts.


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Criminal and Civil Cases

  • The United States really has two separate court systems. The state courts and federal courts.

  • Most cases are decided by State courts.

  • In criminal cases juries decide whether people have committed crimes.

  • Civil cases are those where two parties disagree and one takes action against the other.


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Federal Court Jurisdiction

  • Jurisdiction: The authority to decide a case.

  • The federal courts have jurisdiction in certain specific areas.

  • The Constitution-rights violated

  • (freedom of speech)

  • Federal Laws-accused of Federal crimes (bank robbery, tax evasion)


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Federal Jurisdiction continued…

  • Admiralty and maritime laws-involves ships at sea

  • Disputes in which the U.S. government is involved-anything involving the government

  • Controversies between states

  • Controversies between citizens of different states-$50,000 or more


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Federal Jurisdiction continued….

  • Disputes involving foreign governments- U.S. government, U.S. company, U.S. citizen vs. another country

  • United States Diplomats serving in other countries-any U.S. crime will be tried in U.S. federal court


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Types of Jurisdiction

  • Exclusive Jurisdiction-when only the federal courts may try a hear and decide a case

  • Concurrent Jurisdiction-when state and federal courts share responsibility a case


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Type of case/ Jurisdiction

  • Bank Robbery

  • Shoplifting at the mall

  • Car theft

  • Factories pollute the river that serves as a border between two states

  • Your neighbor builds his fence on your yard.

  • Murder

  • Rights to the treasure in a sunken ship.


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