Module 1: Discovering Psychology. Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. 1.Observable actions (Behavior) 2.Unobservable actions (Mental Processes). What is Psychology?. What are the goals of Psychology?. The 1 st goal of Psych. Is to Describe . What When
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1.Observable actions (Behavior)
2.Unobservable actions (Mental Processes)
1. Empirical Research:
Research that is based on observation and experience and can be verified or disproved.
Ex: Cigarette smoking is proven to cause cancer.
Q: A man is brought to a psychologist with a “disorder” that causes him to think his parents are really alien imposters. Is he crazy?
“ The purpose of psychology is to give us a completely different idea of the things we know best.” Paul Valery (French poet, Essayist and Critic 1871-1945)
Psychology is a very broad field.
Within this discipline are a number of specific approaches all using different ideas, theories, and research methods
Trying to solve a problem like: I need a job, but I want good money, a fun job, and friendly co-workers?
You have a headache:
You ask yourself:
Right now, do you think you are interpreting this material different from the person next to you?
Do you think you have different beliefs, attitudes, values than the person behind you?
What is the purpose of punishment?
What is the purpose of being rewarded?
Show of hands,
How many of you dream every night? and How many of you have not remembered a dream in weeks?
Dali: Persistence of Memory
Do you think it is possible for an individual to have more than (1) distinct personalities? Without ever knowing?
Apply these numerous approaches to the endless differences in human beings and you will begin to see what the focus of psychology is about.
Confer to memory that the Scientific study of Psychology is only 125 years old.
By Scientific it means as a Specific Field.
Prior to the late 19th century psychology was a term used by physiologists and philosophers.
Ancient Greece and its renowned philosophers were the first to document happenings of the mind
The power of a metronome?
Fact or Fiction?
Wilhelm Wundt used the method of introspection to study these primary focuses.
Me playing a song for you
You relaying to me the thoughts and emotions emotions you absorbed from it
Why is it no longer accepted?
Your walking on a sidewalk when suddenly a car comes hurtling towards you out of control. Are you afraid?
Do you see the car and mentally become afraid leading to your heart racing, hands sweating and an impulse to run?
Do you first become physically afraid with heart racing, hands sweating which leads into you becoming mentally afraid?
This concept of environment versus cognition is the cornerstone of the Functionalist Approach.
What do you see here?
This school would state:
In theory, that any child could have their behavior controlled and raised to be a anything ex: doctor, gardener, writer etc.
A persons behaviors can be controlled, studied and changed.
Your DREAMS, UNCONSCIOUS DESIRES, REPRESSED SEXUAL FEELINGS are what drive your conscious thoughts and behaviors!
Careers and College Information
Dr. Paul Bloom - lectures in Introductory Psychology on topics that we study. View his lectures at this link: