Hydrogen power
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Hydrogen Power. Jaclyn Onstwedder Caroline Cullen Allie Vurpillat Julia Solecki . Uses/Functions. Power cars and homes In industries for refining, treating metals, and processing foods Emergency power for hospitals Power airplanes and boats .

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Hydrogen Power

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Hydrogen power

Hydrogen Power

Jaclyn Onstwedder

Caroline Cullen

Allie Vurpillat

Julia Solecki


Uses functions

Uses/Functions

  • Power cars and homes

  • In industries for refining, treating metals, and processing foods

  • Emergency power for hospitals

  • Power airplanes and boats

Hydrogen tank in the trunk of a Hydrogen 7 BMW


How does it work

How Does It Work?

  • Methods for producing hydrogen:

    *Reforming

    *Photoelectrolysis

    * Electrolysis of water

    • Coal Gasification

    • Biomass Gasification

    • Thermolysis

    • Biological Production


How does it work1

How Does It Work?

  • Reforming:

    • Chemical processes are used to separate hydrogen from carbon atoms in organic compounds such as methane or methanol.

  • Photoelectrolysis:

    • Electricity produced by solar cells splits water molecules into gaseous hydrogen and oxygen.


Electrolysis of water

Electrolysis of Water

  • Direct current is passed through water to convert its molecules into gaseous hydrogen and oxygen.

  • http://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/hydrogen/interactive.html


Advantages over non renewable

Advantages Over Non-Renewable

  • Replace internal combustioin engines and turbines.

  • Replacing fossil fuels, oil, natural gas, and coal.

  • Eliminate refueling stations for cars entirely.

  • Offers the best energy-to-weight ratio of any fuel.

  • Colorless, odorless and its only by-product is water.

  • Give a number of environmental and engineering advantages

  • Reduce harmful emissions

  • Simplify the design of the fuel cell system and lead to greater energy efficiency locally.

  • Reduce green house gas and noise pollution.


What does it replace

What Does it Replace?

  • Hydrogen is a potential alternative to Fossil Fuels

  • It can be used in place of gasoline (petroleum) to fuel vehicles

This is part of the dash of a Nissan X-Trail. The FCV Information shows how the car is being powered whether battery or fuel cell


Case study

Case Study

  • BMW is taking the lead in using hydrogen to power cars

  • It plans to loan 100 of the BMW Hydrogen 7 to famous stars and political leaders for pilot-testing and promotion.


Case study pros and cons

Case Study: Pros and Cons

  •  PROS

    • Will provide great benefits to the environment and lower the dependency on oil to power cars.

    • There will be no exhaust fumes and no greenhouse gases coming from car exhausts, which can help the fight against global warming.

    • There will be less need to depend on foreign oils to power our cars.

    • Hydrogen from renewable resources is something that will stay with us for a very long time, so we don’t have to worry about supplies running low.

  • CONS

    • Expensive

    • Carrying large amounts of hydrogen in a tank of a car could pose danger under certain conditions.


Challenges becoming mainstream

Challenges Becoming “Mainstream”

  • Issue 1: ProductionThe U.S already uses 10 million tons of hydrogen per year through industrial purposes, such as refining petroleum and making fertilizer. If hydrogen-powered vehicles are to become “mainstream”, we'll need at least 10 times more hydrogen. It will be hard to find an efficient and environmentally friendly way to produce all of this extra hydrogen.

  • Issue 2: StorageAt room temperature and pressure, hydrogen's density is so low that it contains less than one-three-hundredth the energy in an equivalent volume of gasoline. In order to fit into a reasonably sized storage tank, hydrogen has to be somehow squeezed into a denser form.


Challenges becoming mainstream1

Challenges Becoming “Mainstream”

  • Issue 3: DistributionHydrogen is hard to move from place to place, even when in portable form.

  • Issue 4: UseIt’s hard to know if hydrogen will be useful in any other way than fueling vehicles for consumers, which makes people wonder if hydrogen will even be more practical than current methods.


How likely is this energy alternative to become mainstream

How likely is this energy alternative to become “Mainstream”?

  • Hydrogen power stations have massive potential worldwide

  • Countries can continue to use fossil fuels while reducing the environmental impact of today’s power plants.

  • Has potential as an environmentally clean energy fuel and is a way to reduce reliance on imported energy sources.

  • It will probably be at least 10 years before hydrogen powered cars will be available


What will michigan do

What Will Michigan Do?

  • Before hydrogen can play a bigger energy role and become a widely used alternative to gasoline, new facilities and systems must be built.

  • Facilities will be needed to make hydrogen, store it, and move it.

  • Economical fuel cells are also essential, and consumers will need the technology and the education to safely use it.


Works cited

Works Cited

  • "How a Fuel Cell works." The Future of Fuel Cell. 1996-2009. MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/hydrogen/interactive.html>.

  • "Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Overview." NREL Programs. 25 July 2008. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.nrel.gov/programs/hydrogen.html>.

  • "Living in the Environment." Living in the Environment. 2002. Brooks/Cole Learning. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.brookscole.com/cgi-brookscole/course_products_bc.pl?fid=M20b&product_isbn_issn=0534376975&discipline_number=22>.

  • "Uses and the Future of Hydrogen." Energy Kid's Page. Oct. 2008. Energy information administration. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/IntermediateHydrogen.html>.

  • "Why Hydrogen Power?" Bp. 1996-2008. Alternativenergy. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.bp.com/sectiongenericarticle.do?categoryId=9025018&contentId=7046611>.

  • Wise, Jeff. "The Truth About Hydrogen." Popular Mechanics. Nov. 2006. Hearst communications. 4 Feb. 2009 <http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/industry/4199381.html?page=1>.


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