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Drowning Research & Prevention in Canada 2011 WSIT/MIT Workshop. Drowning is the fourth-most common cause of death by unintentional injury in Canada. Drowning is a common cause of death by unintentional injury. . Annual Drowning Research. That Was Then…. What Red Cross thought it knew .

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What Red Cross thought it knew ...

Boaters not wearing or improperly wearing a PFD/lifejacket

1997 – 70%

1998 – 73%

.


What red cross has learned
What Red Cross has learned...

Recreational Boating Drownings 1991-1995

Worn Properly


What red cross has learned1
What Red Cross has learned...

Recreational Boating Drownings 1996-2000

Worn Properly



Trend reports1
Trend Reports

Found on the Red Cross Website:

www.redcross.ca/How We Help > Swimming & Water Safety > Drowning Research

Trends Reports- Canadian Red Cross



Overview module 1
Overview, Module 1

Personal Factors:

Who is at risk?



Overview module 12

Overview, Module 1

Overview, Module 1

Toddlers,



Overview module 14
Overview, Module 1

and Adult Males


Overview module 15
Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers


Overview module 16
Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers


Overview module 17
Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers

2.32

2.30

2.15

2.16

2.16

2.10

1.89

1.81

1.65

1.54


Overview module 18
Overview, Module 1

Environmental Factors

Environment:

Where are they at risk?


Overview module 19
Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 110
Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 111
Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 112
Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 113
Overview, Module 1

Rate & Number Toddler* Drowning by Body of Water

Canada 1991-2000






Ice cold water module 21
Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Boating, 38%


Ice cold water module 22
Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Activities on Ice, 22%


Ice cold water module 23
Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Falls into water, 14%


Ice cold water module 24
Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Key Messages

  • Prepare for cold water survival

  • Swim to the shore wearing a PFD/lifejacket


Ice cold water module 25
Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Snowmobiling

  • Carry self rescue equipment

  • Wear flotation gear

  • Hypothermia gear



Boating and power boats module 31
Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Powerboat

N=1,120

Priorities for Prevention

  • Powered boating 62% of boating fatalities

  • Peak age, males 25-74 years

38%

62%

Unpowered boat

(n=683)


Boating and power boats module 32
Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Personal Behavior

Alcohol consumption


Boating and power boats module 33
Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Environmental Conditions

Boaters need to understand the value of preparing for a safe trip


Boating and power boats module 34
Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Equipment

Wear safety equipment during boating



Unpowered boating module 41
Unpowered Boating, Module 4

Priorities for Prevention

  • Canoeing

  • Males 15-24 years of age


Unpowered boating module 42
Unpowered Boating, Module 4

Key Messages

  • Personal Behavior

    • Alcohol consumption, overestimation of skill level.

  • Environmental Conditions

    • Knowledge of the location- weather, rapids, cold water

  • Equipment

    • Wear safety equipment during boating


Fishing module 5
Fishing, Module 5

Priorities for Prevention

  • Fishing is the # 1activity in drownings in Canada;

  • Recreational fishing accounted for 77% of the fishing immersion deaths

  • Of fishing deaths, 84% related to fishing from a boat


Fishing module 51
Fishing, Module 5

  • Personal

    • Alcohol in at least 34% of cases

    • 58% were weak or non-swimmers

    • 83% were experienced boaters

  • Equipment

    • 11% were wearing flotation devices properly


Fishing module 52
Fishing, Module 5

Fishing Immersion Deaths* During Boating by Risk Factors

Canada 1991-2000 (n=738)

Rough water

Strong winds

Standing up in boat +

Overloaded boat

  • Includes drowning and immersion hypothermia deaths, excludes

  • other non-drowning fatalities + Other than to urinate

  • Source: The Canadian Red Cross & the Canadian Surveillance

  • System for Water-Related Fatalities, 2009

Engine Failure

Urinating

Abrupt turn


Fishing module 53
Fishing, Module 5

Key Messages

Know the Risks

Wear the PFD/Lifejacket

….no one wakes up expecting to drown today.


What you ll find in the program
What you’ll find in the program:

PFD’s & Lifejackets

  • When & where to wear a PFD/Lifejacket

  • Types of flotation Devices

  • Selecting the Right PFD/Lifejacket

  • How to put on your PFD/Lifejacket

  • When to wear a PFD/Lifejacket


What you ll find in the program1
What you’ll find in the program:

Cold Water Survival

  • How to stay warm

  • Survive! Falling into cold water with a PFD

    • Cold water, HELP/Huddle

  • Prepare of Ice Activities

    • Making sure the ice is safe

  • Hypothermia

  • Ice Rescue


What you ll find in the program2
What you’ll find in the program:

Prepare For Boating Safety

  • Appropriate Clothing

  • Float Plan

    Stay Safe While Boating

  • Boating Capacity

  • Entering, Exiting, and Moving in a Boat


What you ll find in the program3
What you’ll find in the program:

  • Survive a Capsize

  • Causes of Boating Incidents

  • Alcohol and Boating

  • Introduction to Boating regulations


Observations
Observations

Knowing how people drown is the first step in prevention and program development

A combination of preventative measures could save several thousand lives over a decade


Partnerships
Partnerships

  • Coroner Service

  • Media

  • Law Enforcement

  • Injury Prevention Associations


The future
The Future

  • Review of Historical Numbers

  • Matching Equipment Innovations to Incidents

  • Reaching the public




Louise Bishoff Master Instructor TrainerCanadian Red CrossClara ReinhardtSpecial ProjectsCanadian Red Cross


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