Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop
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Drowning Research & Prevention in Canada 2011 WSIT/MIT Workshop. Drowning is the fourth-most common cause of death by unintentional injury in Canada. Drowning is a common cause of death by unintentional injury. . Annual Drowning Research. That Was Then…. What Red Cross thought it knew .

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Drowning Research & Prevention in Canada 2011 WSIT/MIT Workshop

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Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

Drowning Research & Prevention in Canada2011 WSIT/MIT Workshop


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

Drowning is the fourth-most common cause of death by unintentional injury in Canada.


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

Drowning is a common cause of death by unintentional injury.


Annual drowning research

Annual Drowning Research


That was then

That Was Then…


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

What Red Cross thought it knew ...

Boaters not wearing or improperly wearing a PFD/lifejacket

1997 – 70%

1998 – 73%

.


What red cross has learned

What Red Cross has learned...

Recreational Boating Drownings 1991-1995

Worn Properly


What red cross has learned1

What Red Cross has learned...

Recreational Boating Drownings 1996-2000

Worn Properly


Trend reports

Trend Reports


Trend reports1

Trend Reports

Found on the Red Cross Website:

www.redcross.ca/How We Help > Swimming & Water Safety > Drowning Research

Trends Reports- Canadian Red Cross


Haddon matrix model

Haddon Matrix Model


Overview module 1

Overview, Module 1

Personal Factors:

Who is at risk?


Overview module 11

Overview, Module 1


Overview module 12

Overview, Module 1

Overview, Module 1

Toddlers,


Overview module 13

Overview, Module 1

Teens,


Overview module 14

Overview, Module 1

and Adult Males


Overview module 15

Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers


Overview module 16

Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers


Overview module 17

Overview, Module 1

Rates vs. Numbers

2.32

2.30

2.15

2.16

2.16

2.10

1.89

1.81

1.65

1.54


Overview module 18

Overview, Module 1

Environmental Factors

Environment:

Where are they at risk?


Overview module 19

Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 110

Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 111

Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 112

Overview, Module 1

Drownings by Region & Type of Body of Water,

Canada 1991-2000 (n=4671)


Overview module 113

Overview, Module 1

Rate & Number Toddler* Drowning by Body of Water

Canada 1991-2000


Overview module 114

Overview, Module 1


That was then this is now

That was Then.. This is Now…


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

That was Then.. This is Now…


Ice cold water module 2

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2


Ice cold water module 21

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Boating, 38%


Ice cold water module 22

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Activities on Ice, 22%


Ice cold water module 23

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Priorities for Prevention

Key Activities; Falls into water, 14%


Ice cold water module 24

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Key Messages

  • Prepare for cold water survival

  • Swim to the shore wearing a PFD/lifejacket


Ice cold water module 25

Ice & Cold Water, Module 2

Snowmobiling

  • Carry self rescue equipment

  • Wear flotation gear

  • Hypothermia gear


Boating and power boats module 3

Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

62%


Boating and power boats module 31

Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Powerboat

N=1,120

Priorities for Prevention

  • Powered boating 62% of boating fatalities

  • Peak age, males 25-74 years

38%

62%

Unpowered boat

(n=683)


Boating and power boats module 32

Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Personal Behavior

Alcohol consumption


Boating and power boats module 33

Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Environmental Conditions

Boaters need to understand the value of preparing for a safe trip


Boating and power boats module 34

Boating and Power Boats, Module 3

Equipment

Wear safety equipment during boating


Unpowered boating module 4

Unpowered Boating, Module 4


Unpowered boating module 41

Unpowered Boating, Module 4

Priorities for Prevention

  • Canoeing

  • Males 15-24 years of age


Unpowered boating module 42

Unpowered Boating, Module 4

Key Messages

  • Personal Behavior

    • Alcohol consumption, overestimation of skill level.

  • Environmental Conditions

    • Knowledge of the location- weather, rapids, cold water

  • Equipment

    • Wear safety equipment during boating


Fishing module 5

Fishing, Module 5

Priorities for Prevention

  • Fishing is the # 1activity in drownings in Canada;

  • Recreational fishing accounted for 77% of the fishing immersion deaths

  • Of fishing deaths, 84% related to fishing from a boat


Fishing module 51

Fishing, Module 5

  • Personal

    • Alcohol in at least 34% of cases

    • 58% were weak or non-swimmers

    • 83% were experienced boaters

  • Equipment

    • 11% were wearing flotation devices properly


Fishing module 52

Fishing, Module 5

Fishing Immersion Deaths* During Boating by Risk Factors

Canada 1991-2000 (n=738)

Rough water

Strong winds

Standing up in boat +

Overloaded boat

  • Includes drowning and immersion hypothermia deaths, excludes

  • other non-drowning fatalities + Other than to urinate

  • Source: The Canadian Red Cross & the Canadian Surveillance

  • System for Water-Related Fatalities, 2009

Engine Failure

Urinating

Abrupt turn


Fishing module 53

Fishing, Module 5

Key Messages

Know the Risks

Wear the PFD/Lifejacket

….no one wakes up expecting to drown today.


What you ll find in the program

What you’ll find in the program:

PFD’s & Lifejackets

  • When & where to wear a PFD/Lifejacket

  • Types of flotation Devices

  • Selecting the Right PFD/Lifejacket

  • How to put on your PFD/Lifejacket

  • When to wear a PFD/Lifejacket


What you ll find in the program1

What you’ll find in the program:

Cold Water Survival

  • How to stay warm

  • Survive! Falling into cold water with a PFD

    • Cold water, HELP/Huddle

  • Prepare of Ice Activities

    • Making sure the ice is safe

  • Hypothermia

  • Ice Rescue


What you ll find in the program2

What you’ll find in the program:

Prepare For Boating Safety

  • Appropriate Clothing

  • Float Plan

    Stay Safe While Boating

  • Boating Capacity

  • Entering, Exiting, and Moving in a Boat


What you ll find in the program3

What you’ll find in the program:

  • Survive a Capsize

  • Causes of Boating Incidents

  • Alcohol and Boating

  • Introduction to Boating regulations


Observations

Observations

Knowing how people drown is the first step in prevention and program development

A combination of preventative measures could save several thousand lives over a decade


Partnerships

Partnerships

  • Coroner Service

  • Media

  • Law Enforcement

  • Injury Prevention Associations


The future

The Future

  • Review of Historical Numbers

  • Matching Equipment Innovations to Incidents

  • Reaching the public


Public education

Public Education


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

  • Duck poster


Drowning research prevention in canada 2011 wsit mit workshop

Louise Bishoff Master Instructor TrainerCanadian Red CrossClara ReinhardtSpecial ProjectsCanadian Red Cross


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