Eoc review 3 photosynthesis cell respiration dna mitosis and protein synthesis
Download
1 / 72

EOC Review #3: Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration, DNA, Mitosis, and Protein synthesis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 167 Views
  • Uploaded on

EOC Review #3: Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration, DNA, Mitosis, and Protein synthesis. Christopherson. Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis I. Photosynthesis Function. To produce glucose (food) for producers The formula for glucose: C 6 H 12 O 6. Photosynthesis: How?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' EOC Review #3: Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration, DNA, Mitosis, and Protein synthesis' - erol


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Eoc review 3 photosynthesis cell respiration dna mitosis and protein synthesis

EOC Review #3: Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration, DNA, Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Christopherson


Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Photosynthesis I


Photosynthesis function
Photosynthesis Function Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

To produce glucose (food) for producers

The formula for glucose: C6H12O6


Photosynthesis how
Photosynthesis: How? Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Plants absorb sunlight energy, carbon dioxide and water to make glucose


Organisms that undergo photosynthesis plants
Organisms that Undergo Photosynthesis: Plants Mitosis, and Protein synthesis


Bacteria
Bacteria Mitosis, and Protein synthesis


Protists ex green algae
Protists – ex/ Green Algae Mitosis, and Protein synthesis


Photosynthesis location
Photosynthesis: Location Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Chloroplast

Chlorophyll: Pigment

Producer

Leaf

Leaf Cross-section


Pigments
Pigments Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Found inside the thylakoid

Absorb sunlight energy and give plants their color.


Photosynthesis summative equation formula
Photosynthesis Summative Equation (Formula) Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Sunlight Energy

CO2

H2O

C6H12O6

O2

+

+

Reactants

What is needed

Products

What is produced


Cell respiration i atp and anaerobic respiration

Cell Respiration I: ATP and Anaerobic Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Christopherson


Purpose of cell respiration
Purpose of Cell Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

The process in which glucose (food) is broken down into ATP (usable energy)

ATP

C6H12O6

C6H12O6


Atp structure
ATP Structure Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Contains adenosine, sugar, and three phosphates


Does atp have energy
Does ATP have ENERGY? Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

YES


Photosynthesis summative equation formula1
Photosynthesis Summative Equation (Formula) Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

C6H12O6

O2

CO2

+

H2O

ATP

+

+

Reactants

Need?

Products

Produced?


Anaerobic respiration
Anaerobic Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Respiration that occurs without oxygen present


Organisms that undergo anaerobic respiration all living things
Organisms that undergo Anaerobic Respiration: Mitosis, and Protein synthesisAll living things


Process anaerobic respiration
Process: Anaerobic Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Simple Organisms

Glucose:

C-C-C-C-C-C

ATP

Pyruvate:

C-C-C and C-C-C

Fermentation


Breaking down of pyruvate simple organisms result
Breaking down of Mitosis, and Protein synthesisPyruvate: Simple Organisms - Result

Pyruvate is broken down into waste. It’s trash.

This process is Fermentation.

Pyruvate


Breaking down of pyruvate simple organisms
Breaking down of Mitosis, and Protein synthesisPyruvate Simple Organisms

Bacteria

Yeast


Process anaerobic respiration1
Process: Anaerobic Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Complex

Organisms

Glucose:

C-C-C-C-C-C

ATP

Pyruvate:

C-C-C and C-C-C

To the Mitochondria

(Aerobic Respiration)


Aerobic respiration
Aerobic Respiration Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Respiration that occurs with oxygen present


Organisms that undergo aerobic respiration complex organisms everything but bacteria and yeast
Organisms that undergo Aerobic Respiration: Mitosis, and Protein synthesisComplex Organisms(Everything BUT Bacteria and Yeast)


Mitochondria
Mitochondria Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Function: Breaks down sugar into ATP (usable form of energy); Powerhouse of the cell

Location: Throughout the cell


Aerobic respiration result
Aerobic Respiration RESULT Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Pyruvate

C-C-C and C-C-C

O2

O2 is the key to the mitochondria

ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP

ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP

ATP ATP ATP ATP ATP


Dna structure and discovery

DNA Structure and Discovery Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Christopherson


Dna deoxyribonucleic acid dna is a nucleic acid monomer nucleotide
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid Mitosis, and Protein synthesisDNA is a Nucleic AcidMonomer: Nucleotide


Structure of a nucleotide
Structure of a Nucleotide Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

a. Adenine

1. Phosphate

b. Thymine

c. Cytosine

d. Guanine

3. Nitrogen Base

2. Deoxyribose


Structure of dna
Structure of DNA Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Phosphate

Deoxyribose

Nitrogen Bases


Practice with base pairing
Practice with Base Pairing Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Sugar and Phosphate

A T C G G C T A C G A T

T A G C C G A T G C T A

Sugar and Phosphate


Cell cycle summary

Cell Cycle Summary Mitosis, and Protein synthesis


What is a body cell
What is a Body Cell? Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

All the cells that make up the “body” of an organism.


What is a homologous pair
What is a Homologous Pair? Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

A pair of chromosomes that are very similar; one is from your mom and the other from your dad


Diploid
Diploid? Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Formula: 2n

n = the number of chromosomes

2 = that homologous pairs are present

-Normal number of chromosomes in organisms body cell


Total number of chromosomes in a human body cell
Total Number of Chromosomes in a Human Body Cell Mitosis, and Protein synthesis


Purpose of the cell cycle
Purpose of the Cell Cycle Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

To grow, replace old cells, or reproduction


Location of the cell cycle
Location of the Cell Cycle Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Within an organisms body cells


1 st step of the cell cycle
1 Mitosis, and Protein synthesisst Step of the Cell Cycle

Interphase: Cell prepares to divide by making more organelles and cytoplasm (G1 and G2); Replicates DNA (S)


2 nd step of the cell cycle
2 Mitosis, and Protein synthesisnd Step of the Cell Cycle

Mitosis: The replicated DNA is separated

Made up of PMAT

Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase


3 rd step of the cell cycle
3 Mitosis, and Protein synthesisrd Step of the Cell Cycle

Cytokinesis: The cell divides the organelles and cytoplasm into the new cell


End result of the cell cycle
End Result of the Cell Cycle Mitosis, and Protein synthesis

Two identical cells with the same number of chromosomes

Interphase

Mitosis

Cytokinesis


If an organism has 50 chromosomes and it undergoes mitosis, how many chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


If an organisms diploid number chromosome is 100, how many chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


What is a gene
What is a GENE? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Instruction manual for our body

Portion of the DNA that “codes” (has the directions) for a specific trait.


Where is a gene
Where is a Gene? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

  • Within DNA

  • The nitrogen bases spell out the instructions


RNA chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Ribonucleic Acid

Make up of Nucleotides

Contains Phosphorus


Rna nucleotide
RNA Nucleotide chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

A

Phosphate

Nitrogen Base

C

B

Guanine

Cytosine

Ribose

Adenine

Uracil


How is dna different from rna

How is DNA different from RNA? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


Dna versus rna of strands
DNA versus RNA: # of Strands chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

2 strands

1 strand


Dna versus rna sugar
DNA versus RNA: Sugar chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Deoxyribose

Ribose


Dna versus rna bonds with adenine
DNA versus RNA: Bonds with Adenine chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

DNA

RNA

Adenine

Thymine

Adenine

Uracil


What are the types of rna

What are the types of RNA? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


Mrna function
mRNA Function chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Copy a message from a gene on DNA

DNA

mRNA


Trna function
tRNA chromosomes will be present in the new cells? Function

Carries amino acids to mRNA

Amino Acids

mRNA


Brief summary of protein synthesis
Brief summary of Protein synthesis chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

A protein is made from a gene on DNA


Brief summary of transcription
Brief Summary of Transcription chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Make mRNA from a gene on DNA


Transcription animation 2

Transcription Animation chromosomes will be present in the new cells?#2


Transcribe the following
Transcribe the following chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

DNA

TAC GGC AAA TAG GAT TTT CCA TTA AGT

AUG CCG UUU AUC CUA AAA GGU AAU UCA

mRNA


Location of translation
Location of Translation chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Ribosome


Brief summary of translation
Brief Summary of Translation chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Make a protein from mRNA


Amino acid chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Protein

Peptide Bond

Anticodon

Met

Gly

Ser

Ser

Stop

Arg

UAC

GCG

CCU

AGG

AGU

AUU

AUG CGC GGA UCC UCA UAA

mRNA

Ribosome

Codon

Codon

First tRNA leaves and the ribosome shifts. A

new tRNA fills empty space.

rRNA forms a peptide bond between the

amino acids

A tRNA anticodon matches with a mRNA codon

Three base sequence in mRNA is called a codon

A ribosome attaches to mRNA

Another peptide bond is formed and the

process continues

Another tRNA anticodon matches with a codon

A protein has been made


Translation animation 1

Translation Animation #1 chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


TAC GGA CAT GAC GGG AAA ACT chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

DNA

AUG CCU GUA CUG CCC UUU UGA

mRNA

Met – Pro – Val – Leu – Pro – Phe - STOP

Amino Acid


Mutations
Mutations chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Mutations


What is a mutation? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Change in the DNA

nitrogen base

sequence of a gene


How do mutations occur
How do Mutations Occur? chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Damaged DNA caused by agents such as sunlight, smoke, radiation; It can also be inherited


Category of mutation point
Category of Mutation: Point chromosomes will be present in the new cells?

Change in one base of the DNA sequence.

Original: The fat cat ate the wee rat

Point mutation: The fat hat ate the wee rat


Example of point mutation sickle cell anemia
Example of Point Mutation: Sickle Cell Anemia chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


Sickle Cell Anemia: Point Mutation chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


Category of mutation frameshift
Category of Mutation: chromosomes will be present in the new cells?Frameshift

Addition or deletion of a DNA base resulting in a different sequence of DNA.

Original: The fat cat ate the wee rat

Frameshift mutation: The fat ata tet hew eer at


Tay Sachs Disease: Frameshift Mutation chromosomes will be present in the new cells?


ad