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Mevacor 20 mg. Joint Meeting Nonprescription Drugs and Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committees December 13, 2007 Andrea Leonard-Segal, M.D. Director Division of Nonprescription Clinical Evaluation. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Introduction.

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Mevacor 20 mg

Mevacor 20 mg

Joint Meeting

Nonprescription Drugs and Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committees

December 13, 2007

Andrea Leonard-Segal, M.D.


Division of Nonprescription Clinical Evaluation

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research



  • History of Development Program for Nonprescription Mevacor

  • 2006 NDAC Meeting on Consumer Study Design Issues

    • Changes in study design approach

  • Regulatory requirements for nonprescription marketing

  • Agenda

History of development program for nonprescription mevacor 20 mg

History of Development Program for Nonprescription Mevacor 20 mg

Lovastatin 10 mg 80 mg day

Lovastatin(10 mg – 80 mg/day)

  • Marketed by prescription in U.S. since 1987

  • Indications:

    • Adjunct to diet to reduce elevated total cholesterol (Total-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)

      • adults with 1º hypercholesterolemia

      • adolescents with heterozygous familial


    • Slow progression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD)

Rx to otc switch application

Rx to OTC Switch Application

  • Today is the 3rd Joint NDAC/EMDAC meeting on this switch application

    • Original Submission 1999 – AC 2000

    • Re-submission 2004 – AC 2005

    • Re-submission 2007

  • Proposed labeling for over-the-counter (OTC) Mevacor has changed substantially from one submission to the next, much data has been submitted and reviewed, and progress has been made along the way

Mevacor switch history 2000

Mevacor Switch History: 2000

  • Application for Mevacor 10 mg product for OTC switch based on a Total-C label paradigm was deficient

    • Did not establish

      • Consumer use in accordance with National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines

      • Clinical benefit of 10 mg in proposed OTC population

      • That consumers could treat to cholesterol goal

    • Consumer comprehension and behavior inadequacies

    • Safety concerns not adequately addressed(e.g., liver, muscle, pregnancy)

Mevacor switch history 2005

Mevacor Switch History: 2005

  • Mevacor 20 mg product with a new label

  • LDL-C Label Paradigm Target Population

    • Males ≥ 45 years / Females ≥ 55 years

    • LDC-C 130 – 170 mg/dL

    • At least one of these risk factors:

      • Smoking

      • HDL-C 1 – 39 mg/dL

      • Family Hx in father/brother < 55 or in mother/sister < 65

      • Hypertension

Mevacor switch history 20051

Mevacor Switch History: 2005

  • Advisory Committee Agreed:

    • Proposed nonprescription LDL-C paradigm target population merits statin treatment to lower cholesterol along with an improved diet

    • Adequate rationale for use of fixed dose lovastatin 20 mg to ↓ cholesterol and heart disease risk in the target population assuming adherence to label

Mevacor switch history 20052

Mevacor Switch History: 2005

  • The Mevacor 20 mg label was tested:

    • Label Comprehension Study

      • Determined if potential consumers could understand the label information

    • Consumer Use Study of OTC Mevacor (CUSTOM)

      • Determined if consumers could properly self-select to use the product and then use it according to the labeling

  • Deficiencies in label comprehension, self-selection, and use led to submission of new data that we will consider today

Mevacor 20 mg


  • Merck modified the 2005 label to address deficiencies

  • Two new label comprehension studies

    • Pivotal and Muscle Warning

    • Using two label paradigms LDL-C (same population as in 2005) and a new Total-C paradigm

  • New Self-Selection Study: Self-Evaluation of Lovastatin to Enhance Cholesterol Treatment (SELECT) using both label paradigms

What we will and will not address today

What We Will and Will Not Address Today

  • There are issues that have been previously addressed by the committee and subsequently by the Agency that we will not revisit today

  • The purpose of today’s meeting is to consider data in the 2007 resubmission that Merck provided to address issues that remained after the 2005 AC meeting

I ll mention issues for deliberation over the next few slides

I’ll Mention Issues for Deliberation Over the Next Few Slides….

  • 2 Labels: Cholesterol Treatment Paradigms

  • Underlying Liver Disease

  • Muscle Warning

  • Pregnancy Warning

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Statins

  • Self-Selection

  • Bridging to Actual Use (CUSTOM)

Ldl c paradigm and total c paradigm target populations

LDL-C Paradigm and Total-C Paradigm Target Populations

  • Today, we will not ask you to address the merits of the OTC target population defined by the LDL-C label paradigm since the target population is unchanged from 2005 and is considered acceptable

  • We do request that the AC consider the merits of the target population defined by the alternative Total-C paradigm label

Liver function test monitoring

Liver Function Test Monitoring

  • The 2005 committee:

    • Recommended that baseline liver function testing and liver function monitoring for Mevacor 20 mg were not necessary

    • Generally found that the risk of liver toxicity with statins was low

    • Was not excessively concerned with the use of lovastatin 20 mg by those with undiagnosed liver problems

Liver and statins

Liver and Statins

  • Today we will not ask you to discuss the need for LFT monitoring in those with normal liver function because we are comfortable with the previous committee advice

  • At Agency request, Merck provided additional data on use in those with asymptomatic liver disease.

    • We request the AC views as to whether those with asymptomatic liver disease can safely use lovastatin 20 mg without LFT monitoring

    • If not, whether labeling could minimize the risk to this population

Muscle warning

Muscle Warning

  • In the CUSTOM study, 75% of subjects who developed unexplained muscle pain made a correct decision about stopping Mevacor use

    • FDA requested that labeling be developed to accomplish a higher rate of adherence with the muscle warning and that label comprehension testing should document this improvement

  • Today we would like your views on the comprehension of the new label muscle pain warning

Lovastatin and pregnancy

Lovastatin and Pregnancy

  • Rodents

    • Fetal skeletal abnormalities occurred at high lovastatin exposures (40 and 80 X human exposure)

  • Reports of congenital anomalies with human use exist, but no causal inference, trend, pattern, or association with lovastatin has been established

  • Category X

    • Safety has not been established in pregnant women and there is no apparent benefit to therapy during pregnancy

    • Rx labeling recommends counseling adolescent patients about contraception

Pregnancy warning

Pregnancy Warning

  • 2005 Committee

    • Majority (18/23) thought that lovastatin is not so potentially toxic to the fetus as to prevent nonprescription marketing

    • All recommended that the pregnancy warning should be improved

  • Today we request your views on the adequacy of the new label pregnancy warning

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and statins

AmyotrophicLateral Sclerosisand Statins?

  • Today you will hear what is known and not known about whether there is a connection between statin use and ALS

  • We will be interested in your thoughts on what role the state of our knowledge about this issue should have in making a decision about OTC statin availability

Self selection ss

Self-Selection (SS)

  • 2005 Committee

    • Majority felt SS data were insufficient to show that OTC consumers can use lovastatin 20 mg safely and effectively without physician guidance

    • Expressed concerns about the ability consumers to self-manage their cholesterol with regard to self-monitoring and drug interactions

Self selection


  • Today we request your views as to whether new data demonstrate that consumers could make an appropriate SS decision giving consideration to:

    • NCEP Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines

    • Framingham CHD risk profile

    • Those already taking a statin

      • And as a related issue, whether data support adequate comprehension of the muscle pain warning

Actual use

Actual Use

  • There are differences between the CUSTOM actual use study label and the two labels used in the SELECT self-selection study

    • We seek your advice as to whether the CUSTOM results on

      • behavior related to LDL follow up testing

      • behavior when muscle pain develops

        remain meaningful considering the

        labeling differences

2006 ndac meeting on consumer study design issues

2006 NDAC Meeting on Consumer Study Design Issues

Led to Change in SS Analysis Approach

Ss analysis approach to custom in 2005

SS Analysis Approach to CUSTOM In 2005

  • For CUSTOM we applied strict label eligibility criteria to define correct self-selection decision making considering

    • Each component of the lipid panel

    • Risk factors for CHD

    • Contraindications to use

  • 10% correctly self-selected “yes” based upon these criteria

  • After listening to committee member discussion, we wondered if this had been too stringent an analytical approach

Ndac 2006 prioritize label elements create hierarchy

NDAC 2006: Prioritize Label Elements - Create Hierarchy

  • NDAC discussed that it would be reasonable to change SS analyses approach

    • Pre-define hierarchy of critical label elements based upon risk/benefit….“deal breakers”

      • Consumer must correctly decide whether, based upon these “deal breaker” elements, it is okay for him/her to use the product

      • Correctness for other label elements is optional

  • Prioritizing the label elements can be very difficult

  • Since the NDAC 2006 meeting we have been recommending the hierarchy approach to sponsors of a variety of different types of products

Mevacor hierarchies

Mevacor Hierarchies

  • 2006…Mevacor SELECT and LC studies in progress

    • Today you will see several post-hoc SS hierarchy analyses

      • Consider what elements could constitute an appropriate hierarchy for statin self-selection

Issue for today

Issue for Today

Does lovastatin 20 mg meet the regulatory requirements for nonprescription marketing?

Regulatory requirements for nonprescription marketing

Regulatory Requirements for Nonprescription Marketing

1951 durham humphrey amendment to the food drug and cosmetic act

1951 Durham Humphrey Amendment to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

  • Formally differentiates Prescription from Nonprescription Drugs

  • Criteria carve niche for Prescription Drugs:

    • Drug can be used safely only under supervision because of:

      • drug's toxicity or

      • other potentiality for harmful effect, or

      • method of its use, or

      • collateral measures necessary to its use

  • Otherwise, the drug should be available without a prescription

Prescription to nonprescription switch considerations

Prescription to Nonprescription Switch Considerations

  • Does the product have:

    • Acceptable safety profile?

    • Low potential for misuse and abuse?

    • Reasonable therapeutic index of safety?

  • Can the condition to be treated be self-recognized?

  • When used under OTC conditions is the product safe and effective?

  • Do the benefits outweigh risks in OTC setting?



  • Merck

  • Break

  • FDA

  • Lunch

  • Open Public Hearing

  • Discussion/Questions

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