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Taxonomy. By: Asiah Edwards . Taxonomy. The science of classification Kingdom, Phylum: Subphylum, Superclass, Class: Subclass, Superorder, Order: Suborder, Superfamily, Family: Subfamily, Genesis: Subgenus, Species: Subspecies. Binomial Nomenclature.

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taxonomy

Taxonomy

By: Asiah Edwards

taxonomy1
Taxonomy
  • The science of classification
  • Kingdom, Phylum: Subphylum, Superclass, Class: Subclass, Superorder, Order: Suborder, Superfamily, Family: Subfamily, Genesis: Subgenus, Species: Subspecies.
binomial nomenclature
Binomial Nomenclature
  • The two name system for identifying organisms developed by C. Linnaeus.
  • The binomial nomenclature for humans is Homo sapiens.
common names
Common Names
  • Terms that differ in different regions and can add to confusion when trying to identify organisms.
  • Blue Crab
kingdom
Kingdom
  • Kingdom is a taxonomic rank that is composed of smaller groups called phyla or divisions for plants. Considered the highest rank in Taxonomy.
  • Kingdom Monera, Kingdom Protista, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae, and Kingdom Animalia.
phylum
Phylum
  • The primary subdivision of a taxonomic kingdom, grouping together all classes of organisms that have the same body plan.
  • An example would be the phylum Arthropods also known as insects.
class
Class
  • The usual major subdivision of a phylum or division in the classification of organisms, usually consisting of several orders.
  • An example of class would be Mammalia.
order
Order
  • A taxonomic rank used in classifying organisms, generally below the class, and comprised of families sharing a set of similar nature or character.
  • The horse, rhinoceros, and tapir families are grouped in the order Perissodactyla.
family
Family
  • A taxonomic rank in the classification of organisms between genus and order.
  • Hummingbirds are usually grouped in the family Trochilidae.
genus
Genus
  • A taxonomic rank that includes group(s) of species that are structurally similar or phylogenetically related.
  • Homo is the genus for humans.
species
Species
  • The lowest taxonomic rank and the most basic unit or category of biological classification.
  • sapiens is the species classification for humans.
scientific name
Scientific Name
  • The Genus and species name assigned to one organism; usually Latin.
  • The scientific name for the black footed ferret is Mustelanigripes.
aristotle
Aristotle
  • Greek philosopher who developed a crude classification that separated organisms based on where they lived.
  • Aristotle created the first classification system over 2000 years ago
linnaeus
Linnaeus
  • Scientist who developed the system of classification still in use today using seven taxons and binomial nomenclature.
  • Linnaeus was the one who thought to use binomial names putting the genus first and the species last.
evolutionary classification
Evolutionary Classification
  • Scientists determine an organisms evolutionary history by looking at gene sequence similarities in its DNA and RNA as well as looking at its physical characteristics.
  • The eagle and the crane are related to the Archaeopteryx.
dna rna
DNA/rna
  • Nucleic acids in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that controls growth, development and maintenance of organisms; comparisons of DNA and RNA are used to determine how closely related organisms are.
  • Your DNA helps to give you certain traits like black hair or green eyes.
cladogram
Cladogram
  • A diagram developed to show evolutionary relationships based on derived characteristics.
cladistic analysis
Cladistic Analysis
  • Scientists determine an organisms evolutionary history by looking at gene sequence similarities in its DNA and RNA as well as looking at its physical characteristics.
molecular clock
Molecular Clock
  • DNA comparisons in 2 species can compare how dissimilar the genes are; This dissimilarity indicates how long the 2 species shared a common ancestor.
neutral mutations
Neutral Mutations
  • Unpredictable changes in DNA that produce variations that have no apparent affect on the success or fitness of an organism.
derived characters
Derived Characters
  • Changes that develop in organisms that are different from their ancestors.
  • Using your right hand when you’re left handed.
archae a
Archaea
  • Prokaryotic Archaeabacteria that can survive unusually harsh environments.
bacteria
Bacteria
  • Prokaryotic Eubacteria such as streptococci and E.coli.
eukarya
Eukarya
  • Includes 4 kingdoms of eukaryotic organisms: Protist, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
archaebacteria
Archaebacteria
  • Ancient forms of bacteria that survive extreme heat, acidity, or salinity or even methane.
  • The crenarchaeota is a type of Archaebacteria.
eubacteria
Eubacteria
  • Slightly more advanced bacteria found in three common shapes: bacilli, cocci, and spirilla; range from mutualistic and beneficial forms to extremely deadly parasitic forms.
protista
Protista
  • Mostly unicellular either photosynthetic or heterotrophic organisms.
fungi
fungi
  • Mostly multicellular heterotrophic plant-like organisms with cell walls made out of chitin
plantae
Plantae
  • Multicellular autotrophic plants with cellulose cell walls.
animalia
Animalia
  • Multicellular heterotrophic organism having no cell wall and most with some form of sensory/nerve conduction.
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