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India & China Notes. Hinduism & Buddhism. Caste System. complex form of social organization with rules to ensure spirituality Everyone not equal. Beliefs of Hinduism. “God is one, but wise people know it by many names ” Hindu gods: Brahma- the Creator Vishnu- the Preserver

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India china notes

India & China Notes

Hinduism & Buddhism


Caste system
Caste System

  • complex form of social organization with rules to ensure spirituality

  • Everyone not equal


Beliefs of hinduism
Beliefs of Hinduism

“God is one, but wise people know it by many names”

Hindu gods:

  • Brahma- the Creator

  • Vishnu- the Preserver

  • Shiva- the Destroyer


Sacred texts
Sacred Texts

  • Bhagavad-Gita

  • The Vedas

  • Upanishads


Goal of life
Goal of Life

  • Atman: one's true self beyond identification

  • Moshka: ultimate goal is union with Brahman

    • Reincarnation: rebirth of the soul in another bodily form


Karma
Karma

  • Your actions in this life can affect your fate in the next life


Dharma
Dharma

  • What upholds the natural order of things


Jainism
Jainism

  • prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings


Guatama buddha
Guatama Buddha

  • Siddhartha Guatama- founder of Buddhism

  • Wealthy childhood

  • As adult searched

    for meaning of life

    and suffering


The search
The Search

  • Four Noble Truths

    • Life is full of suffering and sorrow

    • Cause of suffering is desire for material gain

    • Only cure for suffering is to renounce desires

    • Way to overcome desire is Eightfold Path & Nirvana


The search1
The Search

  • “Eightfold Path”- (Pg. 64) how one overcomes desires and wants

  • Nirvana: The ultimate goal for Buddhists



Both religions believe in
Both religions believe in…

  • Ahisma: non-violence


Buddhists reject some hindu beliefs
Buddhists reject some Hindu beliefs

  • Their priests and rituals

  • Many gods of Hinduism

  • Caste System


Stupa
Stupa

  • Large dome-shaped shrine that housed sacred remains


Tripitaka
Tripitaka

  • Buddhist sacred text


2 sects
2 Sects

  • Theravada- followed the teachings of Buddha strictly- Sri Lanka, South-Eastern Asia

  • Mahayana- Followed Buddhist teachings loosely- spread to China, Korea, Japan


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