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India & China Notes. Hinduism & Buddhism. Caste System. complex form of social organization with rules to ensure spirituality Everyone not equal. Beliefs of Hinduism. “God is one, but wise people know it by many names ” Hindu gods: Brahma- the Creator Vishnu- the Preserver

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india china notes

India & China Notes

Hinduism & Buddhism

caste system
Caste System
  • complex form of social organization with rules to ensure spirituality
  • Everyone not equal
beliefs of hinduism
Beliefs of Hinduism

“God is one, but wise people know it by many names”

Hindu gods:

  • Brahma- the Creator
  • Vishnu- the Preserver
  • Shiva- the Destroyer
sacred texts
Sacred Texts
  • Bhagavad-Gita
  • The Vedas
  • Upanishads
goal of life
Goal of Life
  • Atman: one\'s true self beyond identification
  • Moshka: ultimate goal is union with Brahman
    • Reincarnation: rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
karma
Karma
  • Your actions in this life can affect your fate in the next life
dharma
Dharma
  • What upholds the natural order of things
jainism
Jainism
  • prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings
guatama buddha
Guatama Buddha
  • Siddhartha Guatama- founder of Buddhism
  • Wealthy childhood
  • As adult searched

for meaning of life

and suffering

the search
The Search
  • Four Noble Truths
    • Life is full of suffering and sorrow
    • Cause of suffering is desire for material gain
    • Only cure for suffering is to renounce desires
    • Way to overcome desire is Eightfold Path & Nirvana
the search1
The Search
  • “Eightfold Path”- (Pg. 64) how one overcomes desires and wants
  • Nirvana: The ultimate goal for Buddhists
both religions believe in
Both religions believe in…
  • Ahisma: non-violence
buddhists reject some hindu beliefs
Buddhists reject some Hindu beliefs
  • Their priests and rituals
  • Many gods of Hinduism
  • Caste System
stupa
Stupa
  • Large dome-shaped shrine that housed sacred remains
tripitaka
Tripitaka
  • Buddhist sacred text
2 sects
2 Sects
  • Theravada- followed the teachings of Buddha strictly- Sri Lanka, South-Eastern Asia
  • Mahayana- Followed Buddhist teachings loosely- spread to China, Korea, Japan
ad