The Antartic Treaty. Charlotte, Naffie, Kristin and Aiko. Post WWII. In the 1950’s nations claimed rights to sovereignty over the Arctic due to exploration or discovery The U.S. and Soviet Union asserted their dominance and did not recognize the claims of other nations in the Arctic.
The Antartic Treaty
Charlotte, Naffie, Kristin and Aiko
Something had to be done to protect the Arctic and
prevent future possible conflicts concerning the Arctic!
Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States
Historic Events Occurring at the Time of the Creation of the Antarctic Treaty
• Key movements in nuclear/atomic weaponry earlier in the decade
*Truman approves production of hydrogen bomb (1950)
*First hydrogen bomb test in South pacific (1952)
*Nautilus launched (1954)
•Cold War (1945-1991): Growing political unease over possible use of Antarctica for military purposes.
• 1957-1958: International Geophysical Year
• 1958: First U.S Satellite launched
• 1959: Khrushchev tours the U.S
According to the BAS, the Treaty “provides that no new or enlarged claims can be made”
Image from Wikimedia Commons:
Photo by Paul Taggart