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The Rules of the Nautical Road. Chapter 8. The Rules of the Nautical Road. Part 1 - Chapter 8. Lesson Objectives. How Navigation rules apply Differences between Inland and International Rules General Responsibility Rule Assessing Accident Liability Responsibility for helping others.

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The Rules of the Nautical Road

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The Rules of the Nautical Road

Part 1 - Chapter 8

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Lesson Objectives

  • How Navigation rules apply

  • Differences between Inland and International Rules

  • General Responsibility Rule

  • Assessing Accident Liability

  • Responsibility for helping others

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Lesson Objectives (2)

  • Safe conduct of your vessel

  • Proper sound signals

  • Proper light configurations

  • Operation in restricted visibility

  • What lights and shapes tell you

  • Legal distress signals

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Two Sets of Rules

  • Why do we need Navigation Rules?

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Two Sets of Rules

  • International

  • Inland

  • Your Local Waters

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Two Sets of Rules

  • What is the purpose of demarcation lines?

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Vessel Definitions

  • Who can tell the difference in the following:

    • Sailing vessel

    • Propelled by machinery

    • Seaplane

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Vessel Definitions

  • Underway

    • Adrift

    • Drifting

  • Making way

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Vessel Definitions

  • Fishing vessel

  • Vessel restricted in ability to maneuver

  • Vessel in sight of another

  • Vessel not under command

  • Vessel constrained by draft

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The General Responsibility Rule

  • Rule of good seamanship

  • The General Prudential Rule

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Assessing Legal Liability

  • What do you think your responsibility is when piloting your vessel?

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at 20 knots

at 40 knots

at 60 knots

General Considerations

  • Vessel size and rules

  • Maintain a lookout

  • Safe speed

  • Radar

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Reprinted with permission from Fast Power Boat Seamanship by Dag Pike


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Conduct in a Narrow Channel

  • Who can recall some of the rules to observe when operating in a narrow channel?

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Reprinted with permission from Seaworthy: Essential Lessons from Boat US’s 20 Year Case File of Things Gone Wrong by Robert A. Adriance


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Traffic Separation Schemes

  • International Rules

  • Vessel Traffic Services

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Stand On or Give Way

  • Stand on vessel

  • Give way vessel

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Stand On or Give Way/Danger Zone

  • Who can describe the three sectors on a vessel?

  • Three sectors on a vessel

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Stand On or Give Way

  • Who is stand on when you see the following:

    • Red/Green light together

    • White light drawing closer

    • Red light

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Rules for Special Vessels

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Reprinted with permission from Rules of the Road and Running Light Patterns: A Captain’s Quick Guide by Charlie Wing


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Rules for Special Vessels

  • Overtaking and Overtaken Vessels Overtaken

    • Overtaken vessel

    • Sailing vessel

    • Seaplanes

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Rules for Special Vessels

  • Sailing Vessels

    • Wind on port side

    • Windward

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Reprinted with permission from Rules of the Road and Running Light Patterns: A Captain’s Quick Guide by Charlie Wing


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Risk of Collision

  • Lights

  • Sound signals

  • International meeting

  • Inland meeting

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Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Risk of Collision

  • Crossing Situations

    • Crossing signals

    • Crossing in International Waters

    • Crossing in Inland Waters

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Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Risk of Collision

  • Overtaking Situations

    • Inland Waters

    • International Waters

    • Narrow channels

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Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Risk of Collision

  • Bend signals

    • Who can tell us what signals are used when nearing a bend when your view may be restricted?

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Restricted Visibility

  • What should a boater do when there is restricted visibility?

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Restricted Visibility

  • Sound signals underway

    • Power driven underway

    • Power driven adrift

    • Power driven unique circumstances and sail driven

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Restricted Visibility

  • Sound signals not underway

    • Anchor in open water

    • Vessel aground

    • Special anchorages

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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • What kinds of information do lights and day shapes on boats provide?

On -Diagram

Light Type

Arc

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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • Sailing vessels underway

    • Separate lights

    • Combined side lights

    • Alternative lights – less than 20 meters

    • Using both power and sail

    • Optional all-round mast lights under sail

    • Sailing vessel less than 7 meters and row boat

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Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • Power driven underway

    • Less than 20 meters long

    • 12 meters or more

    • 50 meters or more

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Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • Special lights and shapes

    • Fishing vessels

    • Constrained by draft

    • Towing vessels

    • Other special vessels

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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • Vessels at anchor

    • Who remembers what lights a vessel at anchor has and what day shapes are displayed?

SSSpptChpt08Rulesofroad040609.ppt

Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Vessel Lights and Shapes

  • Diving operations

    • What lights does a vessel engaged in diving operations show?

SSSpptChpt08Rulesofroad040609.ppt

Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety


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Distress Signals

  • Who remembers some of the distress signals?

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Homeland Security Measures

  • 1-877-24WATCH

  • 1-800-424-8802

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Drawbridges

  • Limitations

  • Signals

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Penalties

  • You can be fined for not obeying the rules

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