The EU and the Monetary Union - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The eu and the monetary union l.jpg
Download
1 / 30

  • 217 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

The EU and the Monetary Union. History 101. September 1946: Winston Churchill calls for "a kind of United States of Europe" as the only means of re-building society and creating a third force, independent of the newly dominant super-powers of the Soviet Union and the United States of America.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

The EU and the Monetary Union

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The eu and the monetary union l.jpg

The EU and the Monetary Union


History 101 l.jpg

History 101

September 1946:

Winston Churchill calls for "a kind of United States of Europe" as the only means of re-building society and creating a third force, independent of the newly dominant super-powers of the Soviet Union and the United States of America.


The treaty of rome 1957 l.jpg

The Treaty of Rome:1957

EC is born

Belgium

The Netherlands

Luxembourg

France

Germany

Italy


The treaty of rome initial goals l.jpg

The Treaty of Rome: Initial goals

Free trade

Deregulation of capital markets

Free flow of labor


Where was britain l.jpg

Where was Britain?

UK was supporting EFTA


What was the difference between eu and efta l.jpg

What was the difference between EU and EFTA?

Different countries :)

EU countries had no barriers to intra-EU trade and one set of common import duties and trade policies with respect to third countries.

EFTA countries had no barriers to intra-EFTA trade, but retained independence in setting their trade policy with respect to third countries


The brussels agreement 1962 l.jpg

The Brussels Agreement: 1962

Import duties and taxes to protect European farmers

Price controls on food products

Subsidies to European farmers


Eu expansion l.jpg

EU expansion

1972: Denmark, Ireland, and UK

1980: Greece

1986: Spain and Portugal

1995: Austria, Finland, and Sweden


Eu expansion 2004 l.jpg

EU expansion: 2004

Czech Republic

Lithuania

Malta

Cyprus

Estonia

Poland

Hungary

Slovakia

Latvia

Slovenia


Eu expansion 2007 l.jpg

EU expansion: 2007

Romania

Bulgaria


Eu objectives today l.jpg

EU objectives today

To promote economic and social progress

To assert the identity of the European Union on the international scene

To introduce European citizenship

(which does not replace national citizenship but complements it and confers a number of civil and politic rights on European citizens)

To develop an area of freedom, security and justice

To maintain and build on established EU law


Organization of eu l.jpg

Organization of EU

European Parliament

European Executive Commission

European Council

European Court of Justice

European Court of Auditors


European parliament strasbourg l.jpg

European Parliament (Strasbourg)‏

It exercises democratic supervision over the Commission

It shares with the Council the power to legislate

It shares budgetary authority with the Council

Elected every five years by direct universal suffrage - party (not country) representation


European commission brussels l.jpg

European Commission (Brussels)‏

The Commission is the Union's executive body

It represents the Union on the international stage and negotiates international agreements


European council brussels l.jpg

European Council (Brussels)‏

The Council is the EU's main decision-making body

Decision making: Consensus


Court of justice luxembourg l.jpg

Court of Justice (Luxembourg)‏

The Court of Justice ensures that Community law is uniformly interpreted and effectively applied.

It has jurisdiction in disputes involving Member States, EU institutions, businesses and individuals


Court of auditors luxembourg l.jpg

Court of Auditors (Luxembourg)‏

It sees that financial management of the EU budget has been sound.


European central bank l.jpg

European Central Bank

The European Central Bank frames and implements European monetary policy


Decision making l.jpg

Decision making

By consensus


The accord of nice on eu expansion and institutional reform l.jpg

The Accord of Nice on EU expansion and institutional reform

Expansion into Eastern Europe

Institutional reform:

Qualified majority (at least 14 countries and 62% of total population) instead of unanimity in making decisions, in 39 areas of interest


The competences of the union l.jpg

THE COMPETENCES OF THE UNION

  • Traditional EU policy areas

  • Coordination of economic policy (I-15)‏

  • Special rules for the Euro zone (I-15.1 and protocol)‏

  • Common foreign and security policy, and gradually a common defense Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (I-42)‏

  • EU negotiates international agreements on behalf of all member states in areas where EU can legislate internally

  • Legal personality (I-7, I-40, I-41, I-42)‏


Exclusive competences l.jpg

EXCLUSIVE COMPETENCES

  • Customs Union

  • Competition rules for the functioning of the internal market

  • Monetary policy for the Euro countries

  • Conservation of marine biological resources

  • Common commercial policy

  • International agreements = “legal personality”


Points of contention l.jpg

Points of contention

  • Length and complexity: It is very long, at over 60,000 words compared to the 4,600-word US Constitution

  • Qualified majority voting

  • Union law and national law

  • Trappings of statehood: the TCE introduces a number of elements that are traditionally the province of sovereign states: flag, motto, anthem

  • Lack of democracy

  • Secularism

  • Militarism

  • Economic policy

  • Human rights


Eu constitution ratification map l.jpg

EU Constitution Ratification Map


The treaty of lisbon 13 december 2007 l.jpg

The Treaty of Lisbon (13 December 2007)‏

  • A strengthened European Parliament

  • Rules for withdrawal from the Union

  • Qualified majority voting in the Council & double majority (in 2014): 55% of the Member States representing at least 65% of the Union’s population

  • The function of President of the European Council

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights (civil, political, economic and social rights) into European primary law: binding legal force

  • New provisions on civil protection, humanitarian aid and public health

  • A new High Representative for the Union in Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, new European External Action Service, single legal personality for the Union


Eu in 2009 l.jpg

EU in 2009

http://europa.eu/abc/european_countries/index_en.htm


  • Login