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Research and Research Indicators. Sources, Definitions and Empirical Comparisons. Key (Data) Sources on Research.

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Research and Research Indicators

Sources, Definitions and Empirical Comparisons


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Key (Data) Sources on Research

  • OECD, SourceOECD Science and Technology Database, “Research and Development Statistics” & “Main Science and Technology Indicators”: http://puck.sourceoecd.org/vl=8531211/cl=27/nw=1/rpsv/statistic/s20_about.htm?jnlissn=16081242

  • EUROSTAT, Structural Indicatorshttp://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu


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Key (Data) Sources on Research (cont.)

  • Science and Engineering Indicators 2008http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind08

  • Statistik Austria, Forschung (F&E), Innovationhttp://www.statistik.at/web_de/statistiken/forschung_und_innovation/index.html


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research

  • OECD, Frascati Manual (e.g., 2002):http://europa.eu.int/estatref/info/sdds/en/rd/rd_frascati_manual_2002.pdf



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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • Research (R&D) is (“Frascati Manual” 2002, p. 30):


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • Three “activities” (“three types of R&D”) of R&D:Basic research [R];Applied research [R];Experimental development [D].


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • OECD definition of R&D activities is (“Frascati Manual” 2002, p. 30):


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • “Sectors” of the OECD (“Frascati Manual” 2002, p. 54):


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • Sectors: “performance” and “source of funds”.


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Conceptual Key Definitions of Research (cont.)

  • What are disciplines (academic disciplines) of “fields of science and technology”

  • OECD definition according to the “Frascati Manual” 1993, p. 60 – see next slide!


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National R&D Indicators for the U.S.

  • National R&D performance;

  • National R&D financing;

  • R&D expenditure by funding sector.


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Comparative R&D Indicators for the OECD countries

  • R&D quotas;

  • Real-term R&D expenditure;

  • Comparison of EU (15), U.S. and Japan.


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National R&D Indicators of Austria in Comparison

  • Austria in comparison with EU15 and Finland.


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