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Family policies and the protection of children. An-Magritt Jensen, professor, Dept. of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway Session 105: European Population Day. Major issues of child welfare. Relative high fertility

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family policies and the protection of children

Family policies and the protection of children

An-Magritt Jensen, professor, Dept. of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway

Session 105: European Population Day

major issues of child welfare
Major issues of child welfare
  • Relative high fertility
  • Instable family patterns
  • Relative high employment among mothers
child work balance policy options norway
Child-work balance – policy options: Norway

Expansion of parental benefits in a favourable economic climate:

  • Child care
  • Parental leaves

Child-work balance more easy than most countries

clashing ideals and realities
Clashing ideals and realities

Ideals:

Time for children and time for work

Gender equality

Ensuring children’s economic welfare

Realities:

Only mothers adjust work to children

Feminization of childhood

Increasing gaps between men and children

children s welfare depend on two parental incomes
Children’s welfare depend on two parental incomes
  • Childpoverty is high:
    • in countries with traditional families and only father’s income (Italy),
    • and in modern families and only mother’s income (UK).
  • Child poverty modified by welfare states (Scandinavia),
  • But across Europe mother’s income – in addition to father’s – is the most important factor safeguarding children from poverty.
the growing gap between men and children norway
The growing gap between men and children. Norway

Childlessness and family structure:

  • 22 per cent men are childless at age 40 (13 per cent women).
  • 40 per cent of men are not social fathers at age 40.
  • 20 years ago, the figure was 25 per cent.
children s welfare and ageing europe cost a19 publication
Children’s welfare and ageing Europe. COST A19-publication.
  • Economic welfare
  • Social welfare
  • Cultural perceptions of children

http://www.svt.ntnu.

no/noseb/costa19/

the clash between market society and fertility
The clash between market society and fertility
  • The squeeze between economy and care is traced in the gender differences in parenthood.
  • Childhood is feminized in everyday life, while fatherhood is celebrated in public discourse.
  • The ageing European population is a powerful indication of the declining significance of children and childhood in modern societies.
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