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Family policies and the protection of children. An-Magritt Jensen, professor, Dept. of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway Session 105: European Population Day. Major issues of child welfare. Relative high fertility

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Family policies and the protection of children l.jpg

Family policies and the protection of children

An-Magritt Jensen, professor, Dept. of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway

Session 105: European Population Day


Major issues of child welfare l.jpg
Major issues of child welfare

  • Relative high fertility

  • Instable family patterns

  • Relative high employment among mothers


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Child-work balance – policy options: Norway

Expansion of parental benefits in a favourable economic climate:

  • Child care

  • Parental leaves

    Child-work balance more easy than most countries


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Clashing ideals and realities

Ideals:

Time for children and time for work

Gender equality

Ensuring children’s economic welfare

Realities:

Only mothers adjust work to children

Feminization of childhood

Increasing gaps between men and children


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Children’s welfare depend on two parental incomes

  • Childpoverty is high:

    • in countries with traditional families and only father’s income (Italy),

    • and in modern families and only mother’s income (UK).

  • Child poverty modified by welfare states (Scandinavia),

  • But across Europe mother’s income – in addition to father’s – is the most important factor safeguarding children from poverty.


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The growing gap between men and children. Norway

Childlessness and family structure:

  • 22 per cent men are childless at age 40 (13 per cent women).

  • 40 per cent of men are not social fathers at age 40.

  • 20 years ago, the figure was 25 per cent.


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Children’s welfare and ageing Europe. COST A19-publication.

  • Economic welfare

  • Social welfare

  • Cultural perceptions of children

    http://www.svt.ntnu.

    no/noseb/costa19/


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The clash between market society and fertility A19-publication.

  • The squeeze between economy and care is traced in the gender differences in parenthood.

  • Childhood is feminized in everyday life, while fatherhood is celebrated in public discourse.

  • The ageing European population is a powerful indication of the declining significance of children and childhood in modern societies.


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