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GEF Country Support Programme Sub-regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Europe & CIS. GEF STRATEGIES AND PRIORITIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN. PhD Neimatullo Safarov, National CBD and CPD Focal Point Republic of Tajikistan. Global environmental degradation

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slide1

GEF Country Support Programme

Sub-regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Europe & CIS

GEF STRATEGIES AND PRIORITIES

IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

PhD Neimatullo Safarov,

National CBD and CPD Focal Point

Republic of Tajikistan

slide2

Global environmental degradation

is the top priority concern faced by the mankind.

***

Global environmental pollution, exhaustion of natural resources, and other

environmental aspects

greatly affect human livelihoods,

leading to poverty and forced migration.

slide3

Mountain area needs specific attention

of the global community

Unique natural resources and the environment of Tajikistan, availability of a large share of global gene pool of flora and fauna and their impact on the environmental and economic processes are much important in supporting ecological balance at global, regional

and local levels.

Global scales of the environmental degradation have stipulated the need of uniting the efforts of all countries

to prevent global ecological disaster and conserve biosphere and, therefore future of the whole mankind.

slide5

State Environmental Program(1997)

Priority Concerns:

  • conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity
  • prevention of land erosion
  • reforestation
  • sustainable use of natural resources
  • energy-saving technologies
  • recovery of air and water quality
  • improvement of human health
  • mainstreaming of environmentally-friendly industrial
  • waste management, (including industrial and mining waste)
slide6

Multilateral environmental conventions Tajikistan has ratified or acceded

          • The 1997 UN Convention on Biological Diversity;
          • The 1998 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change,
  • The 1997 UN Convention to Combat Desertification,
  • The 2002 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs),
  • The 1996 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer,
  • The 2000 Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species and Wild Animals,
  • The Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage
  • The 2000 Ramsar Convention on Wetlands,
  • The Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances and its London Amendment (1997);
  • Aarhus Convention on information access, public participation in decision-making and access to justice on environmental issues (2001).
  • The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biodiversity (2004).
slide7

National environmental programs and strategies

  • The National Action Plan on Environmental Hygiene (2000),
  • The National Action Plan to Combat Desertification (2001),
  • The National Program and Action Plan on Phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances (2001),
  • The National Strategy on Public Health Protection (2002),
  • The National Action Plan for Climate Change Mitigation,
  • The First National Report on Climate Change (2002).
  • The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2003)
  • The National Environmental Action Plan (2006)
slide8

National priority environmental issues of the Republic of Tajikistan

  • Mountain ecosystems and biodiversity conservation
  • Biodiversity adaptation to climate change
  • Land Degradation
  • Biosafety regulatory regime
  • Watercourses pollution
  • Air pollution
  • Greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution
  • Waste management
slide9

Achievements and outcomes gained in the course

of projects implementation funded by GEF

  • Improvement of political, legislative and regulation regime;
  • Poverty alleviation and improvement of community livelihoods;
  • Development and expansion of national protected areas network;
  • Land degradation prevention and sustainable ecosystems management;
  • Reducing environmental pressure and conservation of fragile mountain ecosystems and arable lands;
  • Strengthening of local capacity for conservation and use of natural resources;
  • Public awareness raising with respect to biodiversity conservation;
  • Involvement of local communities and NGOs in decision-making and environmental activities.
slide10

National Projects submitted to GEF Secretariat

  • Tajikistan Agrobiodiversity and Adaptation Project;
  • Support the Implementation of the National Biosafety Framework of the Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Promotion of Community Forestry in Rural Areas;
  • Promotion of the Energy Efficiency in Rural Areas of Tajikistan;
  • Development of the District Heating in the City of Dushanbe.
slide11

Priority trends in international environmental activity

in Tajikistan for next decades

  • Acceding to mayor international treaties and their practical implementation;
  • Developing national legislation and regulations meeting the international legal standards;
  • Screening and applying international expertise while using environmentally safe and resource-saving technologies;
  • Attracting investments in the shape of international technical aid, lax credits and grants to address national and global environmental issues;
  • Implicit use of funds provided for environmental and forestry conservation activities out of all credit types having productive orientability.
slide12

National Concerns

  • Poor financing;
  • Weak legislation;
  • Poor concern of the part of international organizations;
  • Poor inter-institutional coordination with respect to environmental issues;
  • Scanty monitoring;
  • Weak public awareness of main aspects of national environmental policy in Tajikistan;
  • Weak technical capacity;
  • Poor possibility of sustainable natural resources use by rural population;
  • Non-careful attitude of the population toward natural resources;
  • Lack of consultation and explanatory activity with rural population.
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