Dermatology in the Ancient Arab Heritage (إنَّما يَخشى الله مِن عبادِهِ العُلماء) “ Of All Bondsmen, Only Those Who Possess Knowledge Fear Allah ” Surah (35)FATIR, Verses 28. Oumeish Youssef Oumeish, MD, FAAD, FRCP (Glasgow) President: Jordan Private Physicians Association
Dermatology in the Ancient Arab Heritage(إنَّما يَخشى الله مِن عبادِهِ العُلماء)“Of All Bondsmen, Only Those Who Possess Knowledge Fear Allah”Surah (35)FATIR, Verses 28
Oumeish Youssef Oumeish, MD, FAAD, FRCP (Glasgow)
President: Jordan Private Physicians Association
Visiting Professor – Tulane University Medical School
countries of the Middle- East, North Africa and Spain.
The ability of discovering temperament and inner characters of a person from outward appearance. Was believed that a disease would attack a person or a tribe due to an evil, which can be driven away by magic.
To fortell the future and predicts knowledge about health, wealth, destiny and fate of persons by looking at and talking to them.
The art of using sand or small stones of different shapes to tell the person's future.
Looking at the different lines on palms of a person and foretell his
future, health, length of life, and destiny.
To drive away bad spirits and evil from the soul and body in states of illness and catastrophies. Many believed in "jinn" and evil eye"al ayn".
An action put on a person to make him by suggestion, believe an Idea. "Burying" a green wedge or eggplant in a dark cave in the dark, then touching warts with it, believed that will cure them.
Prescribed by magicians and make people who carry them believe that will
bring them good luck and health. Or beat their enemies, or make a sterile
Arabs believed in healing power of gemstones, metals, and crystals, that they protect body and soul if you wear them. They also drive away sickness. For each illness there was a special gemstone.
Astrologists claimed to understand the meaning of stars movement and their relation to the development of epidemics, disasters, misery or happiness of persons or a tribe.
A map or diagram of relative positions of planets, believed to
indicate persons life events. Can denote revenge, hostility, optism, pessimism, travel and wealth.
piles and elephantiasis).
A puncture in the abdomen was created using a knife sterilized by fire, to treat
ascites which Arab believed due to bad water in the abdomen.
Used as eyeliner to lengthen eyelashes, improve vision and treatment of blepharitis.
Performed by barbers for boys and girls as a Muslim rite and for hygienic purpose.
The first tooth brush in history. Made of a splitted branch of a tree.
Was called "Taoon", in Arabic means a "Stab" (to kill).
empty areas behind, look like empty scalp hair areas of alopecia.
spontaneous loss of parts of body like fingers and nose.
under his Latin name "Geber"
particular sulphuric and the first to extract sodium, potassium,
arsenic, mercury, lead and silver nitrate.
1. The spirits. 2. The metalic bodies. 3.The mineral bodies.
copper, iron and kharsine (Chinese iron)
(the sulphur - mercury principles).
on to use them for treating skin diseases.
1. The white non - infective shining spots
2. The active infectious late stage.
black of the “Four Humors” of the body.
Loss of eyebrows, and nails, nose atrophy and fingers deformity, which gives the face a lion shape, so he called the disease (Lion disease).
mercuri and red arsenic.
known in Latin as " Pestilentia " or " De peste ".
(1) The "Wet" red itchy that become blackish and easy to cure.
(2) The "whitish" late chronic type.