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Cro-Magnon. By: Chris, Bennett, Ashley, Summer. Dates and Places. The Cro-Magnons remains were first discovered in France. Cro-Magnons spread out over Africa, Asia, and Europe by 30,000 years ago.

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Chris, Bennett, Ashley, Summer

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Dates and Places

  • The Cro-Magnons remains were first discovered in France. Cro-Magnons spread out over Africa, Asia, and Europe by 30,000 years ago.

  • Cro-Magnons had traveled over the land bridges that were there only during the Ice Age to stay at North and South America.

  • By this time, every continent but Antarctica had humans populating it.

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  • Cro-Magnons used fire during the end of the Ice Age, for the weather was still freezing, so fire was one of the survival elements they depended on.

  • Fire was also used to hunt down animals that they ate, but it also protected them from wild animals by scaring them away.

  • Fire was the only light they had to use and the only heat to cook their food.

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Religion and Ceremonies

  • When a person died, all members in the tribe participated in the funeral.

  • The body was put into a shallow grave with tools, weapons, and food needed in the afterlife. Then the grave was covered with dirt and stones.

  • The shaman, or religious leader, most likely led the ceremony to honor the dead and request a happy afterlife.

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  • Clothing was made out of animal hides. They wore robes, pants, tunics, and dresses.

  • The Cro-Magnons also added little beads made from colored rocks or shells into their clothing for decoration.

  • With their clothes, they wore stone, shell, fish bone, and eggshell necklaces.

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  • Cro-Magnons made flint-bladed axes into a tool-like chisel.

  • These new tools could shape stones.

  • Awls were made to make holes in animal hide.

  • Bone needles were made to sew more refined clothes.

  • Straight-backed knives made cutting a finer skill.

  • They made spearheads and blades from bones, antlers, and stone.

  • 10,000 years ago they used the bow and arrow.

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  • The dearest sign of Cro-Magnons was in their art.

  • Cro-Magnons were the first to discover how to paint, sculpt, carve, and use color.

  • They carved the first animals and chubby females.

  • The earliest paintings were of hunting scenes.

  • All the paintings were found in underground caves.

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Physical Appearance

  • The head of the Cro-Magnons was like modern humans except it was rounder, and more defined.

  • The forehead was flat, and they had very slight eyebrow ridges. Noses and jaws were smaller. The teeth were also smaller and closer together.

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  • Cro-Magnons hunted large animals, such as woolly rhinoceros, mammoths, saber tooth tigers, and wild horses.

  • Cro-Magnons gathered wild carrots, beets, onions, turnips, cabbage, celery, fruits, and berries.

  • The women also gathered shellfish, eggs, and small animals that got trapped in their handmadetraps.

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Daily Life

  • Cro-Magnons had daily hunting and gathering parties.

  • Hunting provided them with bones, tools, and shelter.

  • Women gathered the seeds and nuts, while men did the hunting.

  • Sometimes they had ceremonies and dances for special occasions.

  • They had funerals for important deaths.

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  • Sinews from animals were tied into rope and used to secure the huts.

  • Tusks and large bones from a mammoth were used to create shelters that were covered in skin.

  • Cro-Magnons also used mammoth bones and skulls for supports.

  • Their houses were like dome-shaped huts.

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  • Cro-Magnons were able to produce clear speech to develop a more advanced oral language and means of communication.

  • This enabled them to share information, work together, pass down knowledge and traditions, organize hunting and gathering trips, and speak more complex thoughts, including planning for the future.

  • Their ability to use language enabled them to make a more advanced culture.