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Italy and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008. Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2008 World Population Data Sheet . © 2008 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU. Chapter 2 Outline. World Population Growth

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Slide2 l.jpg
Italy and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2008 World Population Data Sheet.

© 2008 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU


Chapter 2 outline l.jpg
Chapter 2 Outline Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

  • World Population Growth

  • Geographic Distribution Of The World’s Population

  • Global Variation In Population Size And Growth

  • Global Demographic Contrasts


World population growth l.jpg
World Population Growth Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

  • During the first 90% of human existence, the population of the world had grown only to the size of today’s New York City.

  • Between 1750 and 1950, the world’s population grew from 800 million to 2.5 billion.

  • Since 1950 it has expanded to more than six billion.


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World Population Growth Through History Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

Billions

12

11

2100

10

9

Modern

Age

Old

8

Iron

Bronze

Middle

Stone

Age

New Stone Age

Ages

Age

Age

7

Future

6

2000

5

4

1975

3

1950

2

1900

1

1800

Black Death

The Plague

2000

1+ million

7000

6000

5000

3000

1000

A.D.

4000

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

years

B.C.

B.C.

B.C.

B.C.

B.C.

B.C.

B.C.

1

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

Source: Population Reference Bureau; and United Nations, World Population Projections to 2100 (1998).


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Why Was Early Growth Slow? Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

  • During the first 99% of human history death rates were high.

  • During the hunting-gathering phase, life expectancy averaged 20 years.

    • More than half of children born will died before 5.

    • The average woman who survived the reproductive years would have to bear nearly 7 children to assure 2 survived to adulthood.


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Why Are More Recent Increases so Rapid Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.?

  • Acceleration in population after 1750 was due to declines in the death rate that accompanied the Industrial Revolution.

    • People were eating better, wearing warmer clothes, bathing more often and drinking cleaner water.

  • Continuing population increases are due to dramatic declines in mortality without a commensurate decline in fertility.


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Women of Childbearing Age and Fertility Zaire) Illustrate the Demographic Divide in 2008.

Worldwide

Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision (medium scenario), 2003.


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To Slow Population Growth, Developing Countries’ Fertility Decline Must Be Rapid.

Average Lifetime Births per Woman: 1800-2007

Sources: (United States) Ansley Coale and Melvin Zelnik (1963); and National Center for Health Statistics. (Bangladesh) United Nations;

Demographic and Health Surveys; and other surveys


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Population in Countries With Low Fertility Decline Must Be Rapid.

Decline or Growth, 2002-2025

Percent

Country (average number of children per woman)

China (1.8)

South Korea (1.4)

Trinidad & Tobago (1.6)

Italy (1.2)

Russia (1.1)

Bulgaria (1.1)

Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision (medium scenario), 2003.


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Lavender - 20 and 30 million Decline Must Be Rapid.Pink –10 and 20 millionGrey - 5 and 10 million.

Orange –Greater than 100 millionBlue - 50 and 100 millionGreen -40 and 50 millionYellow - 30 and 40 million


Population growth l.jpg
Population Growth Decline Must Be Rapid.


Population growth16 l.jpg
Population Growth Decline Must Be Rapid.


Population growth17 l.jpg
Population Growth Decline Must Be Rapid.


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Doubling Time Decline Must Be Rapid.

  • The time required for a population to double if the current rate of growth continues.

  • The doubling time is approximately equal to 69 divided by the growth rate.

  • Estimate the world’s rate of growth in the year 2003 to be 1.2% per year, the doubling time is 58 years.


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Redistribution of the World’s Population through Migration Decline Must Be Rapid.

  • Migration streams flow from rapidly growing areas into less rapidly growing ones:

    • Latin America and Asia to the United States

    • Asia to Canada

    • Africa and Asia to Europe

  • In earlier decades, as population grew dense in a region, people moved to less populated areas.


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European Expansion Decline Must Be Rapid.

  • Europeans began to stake out the less developed areas of the world in the 15th and 16th centuries.

  • Before this expansion, Europeans represented 18% of the world’s population.

  • By the 1930s, people of European origin in Europe, North America, and Oceania accounted for 35% of the world’s population.


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The Urban Revolution Decline Must Be Rapid.

  • As recently as 1800, less than 1% of the world’s population lived in cities of 100,000 or more.

  • More than 1/3 of all humans now live in cities of that size.

  • Urban populations grew in some countries even without industrialization, as places sprang up where goods and services were exchanged.


World population increase l.jpg
World Population Increase Decline Must Be Rapid.


Future population growth l.jpg
Future Population Growth Decline Must Be Rapid.


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World Population Clock Decline Must Be Rapid.

2009

Source: Population Reference Bureau, 2009 World Population Data Sheet.


How many people have ever lived l.jpg
How Many People Have Ever Lived? Decline Must Be Rapid.


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