Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Chapter 13 the spread of chinese civilization japan korea and vietnam l.jpg
Download
1 / 42

  • 466 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: Sports / Games

Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. B U D D H I S M. Shinto. The indigenous Japanese Shinto view of the natural and the supernatural remained central to Japanese cultural development. Japanese believed in the kami, nature spirits, of Japan.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 13 the spread of chinese civilization japan korea and vietnam l.jpg

Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam


Slide2 l.jpg

B

U

D

D

H

I

S

M


Shinto l.jpg

Shinto

  • The indigenous Japanese Shinto view of the natural and the supernatural remained central to Japanese cultural development. Japanese believed in the kami, nature spirits, of Japan


Slide4 l.jpg

  • Taika (645-710)

  • Nara (710-784)

  • Heian (794-857)


Taika reforms l.jpg

Taika Reforms

  • The central purpose of the Taika reforms was to remake the Japanese monarch into an absolutist Chinese-style emperor.

  • “Son of Heaven” was added to the Japan’s rulers name

  • The imperial administration was revamped along Chinese lines to create a Chinese style bureaucracy.

  • Peasant conscript army


Slide6 l.jpg

Nara 710-784


Slide8 l.jpg

Japanese Peasants


Slide9 l.jpg

  • In the 8th century the imperial family moved from

  • Nara to Heian, later called Kyoto.


Failure of the taiku reforms l.jpg

Failure of the Taiku Reforms


The empress koken at nara l.jpg

The empress Koken at Nara


Heian era hey on l.jpg

Heian Era (hey-on)

  • The power of the aristocratic families to build up rural estates was fully restored

  • Emperor gave up scheme to build a peasant conscript army

  • Local militias were established in the rural areas.


Court life l.jpg

Court Life

  • A closed world of luxury and strict codes of polite behavior

  • Pursuit of beauty and social interaction

  • The Tale of Genji- Lady Murasaki- the first novel in any language


The role of women at the court at heian l.jpg

The role of women at the court at Heian

  • to be as poised and cultured as men

  • Played a creative role in Japanese productions- writing poems, playing the flute or stringed instruments, and in court intrigue.


Tale of genji l.jpg

Lady Murasaaki

973-1025

Fujiwara

Family

***

The first novel in any language

Tale of Genji


The fujiwara family l.jpg

The Fujiwara Family

While the emperor and his court were admiring the plum blossoms, the Fujiwara shaped imperial policy

They increased the number of peasants under their control as they competed in this with the Buddhist.


The decline of the fujiwara family l.jpg

The Decline of the Fujiwara Family


Heian japan was the high point of japanese aristocratic culture a golden age of peace and harmony l.jpg

Heian Japan was the high point of Japanese aristocratic culture, a golden age of peace and harmony.


The rise of the provincial warrior elites during the tenth century l.jpg

The Rise of the Provincial Warrior elites during the tenth century

The Bushi were the warrior leaders in the tenth century in Japan who controlled provincial areas and ruled from small fortresses in the countryside.


Bushi fortresses l.jpg

Bushi Fortresses


The samurai l.jpg

The Samurai

  • Mounted troops who owed loyalty to the bushi.

  • Devoted their lives to hunting, riding, archery practice and other activities that sharpened their martial skills.

  • Until the 12th century, main weapon was the longbow and carried straight swords


The samurai heroic warfare l.jpg

The Samurai, Heroic Warfare

  • From the 12th century on, Samurai relied on superbly forged curved steel swords

  • Battles increasingly hinged upon duels of great champions


Seppuku l.jpg

Seppuku

From the 12th century onward, Japan was moving toward a feudal order that was remarkably similar to that developing in western Europe during this same postclassical period.


The peasantry l.jpg

The Peasantry

  • The rise of the Samurai frustrated all hopes of creating a free peasantry.

  • In the next centuries the Japanese peasants were reduced to serfs.


Pure land sect l.jpg

Pure Land Sect


The era of warlords the11th 12th centuries l.jpg

The Era of Warlords: the11th & 12th centuries

  • Armed bands roamed the countryside and the streets of the capital

  • Rampant crime & civil strife

  • From the 12th century onward, Japanese history dominated by civil wars

  • Chinese influence declined

  • Artisan class,

  • despite strife, produced sublime creations in ceramics, landscape architecture, and religious poetry


Break with china l.jpg

Break with China

  • The emperor no longer held to the pretense of a “Mandate from Heaven”

  • The bureaucracy and centralized power and the emergence of a scholar-gentry did not materialize.

  • Buddhism became a distinctly Japanese religion.

  • By 838 Japan discontinued its embassies to the Tang Court

  • Merchants still made the trip to China


Bakufu l.jpg

Bakufu

  • Between 1180 and 1185 the struggle between the two major provincial families, the Taira and the Minamoto, were decided in the Gempei Wars.

  • Bakufu (military government at Kamakura)

  • In 1185 the Minamoto defeated the Taira and established the bakufu or military government

  • The feudal age begins in 1185 with the victory of the Minamoto


Kamakura l.jpg

Kamakura

  • The emperor and his court were preserved

  • Real power rested with the Minamoto and their samurai retainers.

  • Yoritomo was the leader of the victorous Minamoto


Shogun l.jpg

Shogun

  • The title given to the military leader of the bakufu at Kamakura


The hojo family l.jpg

The Hojo Family

  • The Death of Yoritomo


The hojo family33 l.jpg

The Hojo Family

  • manipulated the Minamoto shoguns

  • The Minamoto shoguns claimed to rule in the name of the emperor at Kyoto


Ashikaga shogunate l.jpg

Ashikaga Shogunate

  • Ashikaga Takuaji led a revolt of the bushi that overthrow the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate, 1336-1573

  • Flight of the emperor to Yoshino


Civil war l.jpg

Civil War

  • Full-scale civil war raged from 1467 to 1477.

  • Koyoto was reduced to rubble

  • Japan was divided into nearly three hundred little kingdoms, whose warloards were called Daimyosrather than bushi.


Toward barbarism military division and social change l.jpg

Toward Barbarism? Military Division and Social Change

  • In the 15th and 16th centuries the chivalrous qualities of the bushi deteriorated

  • Despite chaos and suffering of peasant there was economic and cultural growth

  • New crops-soybeans


Zen buddhism l.jpg

Zen Buddhism


Influence of zen buddhism l.jpg

Influence of Zen Buddhism


Zen sensibilities are prominent in the splendid architectural l.jpg

Zen sensibilities are prominent in the splendid architectural


Women in daimyo warrior elite families l.jpg

Women in daimyo, warrior elite families

  • By the 14th and 15th centuries, the trend in daimyo families was toward primogeniture

  • Women of the elite classes who no longer shared in the division of the family estate.

  • Women became defenseless appendages of warrior husbands

  • Japanese women of all classes lost the role of celebrant in religious ceremonies


Slide41 l.jpg

Japan Europe


Slide42 l.jpg

Japan Europe


  • Login