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IT in Manufacturing. The introduction of IT has had a huge impact on the manufacturing industries Traditional ‘labour intensive’ industries (those which require a large workforce) now have a large degree of automation in producing their products

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CAD' - erika


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Presentation Transcript
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IT in Manufacturing

  • The introduction of IT has had a huge impact on the manufacturing industries

  • Traditional ‘labour intensive’ industries (those which require a large workforce) now have a large degree of automation in producing their products

  • A modern company would now use IT in every stage of production and support areas


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IT in Manufacturing

  • R&D

    • Research and Development uses computers from product design to simulation and testing (CAD)

  • Production and Manufacturing

    • Scheduling production times and the actual process uses computer controlled machines (CAM)

  • Administration

    • Factory (Plant) administration, office and personnel etc

  • Sales and Advertising

    • Dealer products databases, on-line catalogues, use of email to communicate with suppliers and customers.


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CAD

  • CAD stands for ‘Computer Aided Design’

  • CAD is used for displaying and editing designs on the computer.

  • Calculations are often made.

  • CAD can be 2D or 3D (3 dimensional)

  • CAD outputs can be printed using a Plotter

  • CAD outputs can also be used as inputs for a CAM process


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CAD requirements

  • The Research and Development team in an organisation tend to use CAD to design new products.

  • CAD requires monitors with high resolution 1024 – 4096 pixels.

  • CAD also requires large amounts of RAM to be able to process the images

  • CAD input can be via mouse, keyboard, but more often a graphics tablet is used.

  • CAD systems tend to be expensive

  • Designs can be produced quicker than by hand drawn methods.


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The use of CAD

  • Interior design

    • Arranging furniture in a room.

    • This can be viewed from a number of angles

  • Car shapes and bodies as well as engines

    • In 3D the image can be rotated or viewed from different angles

  • Consumer electronic products (TVs and Video recorders)

    • Electronic Circuit boards

    • Testing of the electronics can be simulated accurately

    • The shape and aesthetics of the product can be viewed easily

    • Prototypes can be produced from CAD drawings…as an input for a CAM process

  • Buildings, bridges, boats

  • And many more


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CAD images

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