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Benefits of PIC/S Membership for the Philippines - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Bob Tribe Former Chairman of PIC/S. Benefits of PIC/S Membership for the Philippines. Overview. Role & functions of PIC/S ( Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme ) PIC/S Members Benefits of PIC/S membership for the Philippines PIC/S Accession Procedure PIC/S GMP Guide

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Bob Tribe

Former Chairman of PIC/S

Benefits of PIC/SMembership for the Philippines


  • Role & functions of PIC/S (Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme)

  • PIC/S Members

  • Benefits of PIC/S membership for the Philippines

  • PIC/S Accession Procedure

  • PIC/S GMP Guide

  • Training for PIC/S Inspectors

PIC/S Goal

“To lead the international development, implementation and maintenance of harmonised GMP standards and quality systems of inspectorates in the field of medicinal products”.

Achievement of the Goal

PIC/S Goal is achieved by:

  • Developing and promoting harmonised GMP standards and guidance documents.

  • Training GMP inspectors of competent authorities.

  • Assessing (and reassessing) GMP Inspectorates.

  • Facilitating the co-operation and networking for competent authorities and international organisations.

Main features of PIC/S

  • Commenced operating in November 1995.

    • Previously existed as “PIC” (Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention) from Oct 1970 to Nov’95.

  • Is a “Cooperative Arrangement” between GMP regulatory authorities;ie. not a legal treaty.

  • A forum for:

    • networking and confidence building

    • Exchange of information and experience on GMP

    • Focus on Quality Systems for Inspectorates

    • Focus on training of GMP inspectors

    • International harmonisation of GMP

  • No obligation for member authorities to accept inspection reports of other members.

Austria Belgium Czech Rep. Denmark

Estonia Finland France Germany

Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Latvia Liechtenst. Lithuania

Malta Netherlands Norway Poland

Portugal Romania Slovak Rep. Spain

Sweden Switzerland UK

37 PIC/S Members(at 1 January 2010)








South Africa

How PIC/S Operates

  • Secretariat (Geneva based)

  • Executive Bureau (Chairman, two Deputy Chairmen, four Members of PIC/S Committee)

  • PIC/S Committee (usually the Chief Inspector of each Agency)

  • Small Budget(members pay annual membership fee)

  • Good relationships and collaboration(family atmosphere)

  • Training opportunities(eg. Seminars, Joint visits, coached inspections)

  • Information exchange(eg. inspection reports, Rapid Alerts)

  • Development of GMP Guides & guidance documents

Benefits of PIC/S Membership

For Regulatory Authorities:

  • Accession forces improvements – ie. Discipline.

  • Cost savings – more effective use of resources.

  • Inspector training (Seminars, Joint Inspections, coached inspections).

  • Involvement in developing international GMPs.

  • Promotion of harmonisation of GMP inspections.

  • Sharing of information & experiences.

  • Networking & personal contacts.

Benefits of PIC/S Membership

For Industry:

  • Improved consumer protection & confidence.

  • Reduced duplication of inspections.

  • Cost savings.

  • Export facilitation.

  • Enhanced market access.

  • Reputation of industry enhanced.

  • Transparent inspection standards.

  • Consistency of inspections.

Growth in Australian Exports resulting from PIC/S membership

PIC/S Membership

Source: The Australian Pharmaceutical Industry and its Global Context, Working Paper No. 7, September 2002. Mr George Messinis, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University of Technology, Melbourne

Benefits of PIC/S Membership

For Patients & Consumers:

Increased confidence in the quality of medicines supplied in the Philippines.

More reliable & consistent quality of medicines.

Improved patient & consumer safety & protection.

Better control of counterfieted medicines.

Improved access to affordable quality medicines.

Applicants currently being assessed for PIC/S membership

  • Iran

  • Ukraine

  • Slovenia

  • US FDA

The GMP Regulatory Authorities of:

  • Thailand

  • Indonesia

  • Philippines

Agencies showing an interest in joining PIC/S

  • Taiwan

  • Brazil

  • Bulgaria

  • Croatia

  • PR of China

The GMP Regulatory Authorities of:

  • Japan

  • Saudi Arabia

  • South Korea

  • NZ

  • Hong Kong

PIC/S Accession Procedure

Steps to Accession

  • General interest & commitment, eg. attend Seminars.

  • Written application to Secretary + supporting documents (Philippines send application in June 2009).

  • PIC/S Committee appoints Rapporteur to evaluate.

  • Applicant invited to Committee meeting to answer questions of Rapporteur and Committee.

  • PIC/S delegation undertakes assessment visit(assesses Inspectorate’s procedures & Quality System, & observe 3 or 4 inspections).

  • Delegation report issued (to applicant & Committee).

  • Committee decides on membership.


  • PIC/S GMP Guide to GMP for Medicinal Products (PIC/S document PE 009-9, 1 September 2009).

  • Virtually identical to EC GMP Guide:

    (main difference = “Qualified Person” vs “authorised person”).

  • Divided into 3 parts

    • Part I: PIC/S GMP Guide (general provisions).

    • Part II: GMP Guide for APIs (identical to ICH Q7A).

    • Annexes 1 to 20.

  • (PIC/S GMP Guide available at

PIC/S GMP Guide(PE 009-9, 1 September 2009)

  • Introduction

  • Chapter 1 – Quality Management

  • Chapter 2 – Personnel

  • Chapter 3 – Premises & Equipment

  • Chapter 4 – Documentation

  • Chapter 5 – Production

  • Chapter 6 – Quality Control

  • Chapter 7 – Contract Manufacture & Analysis

  • Chapter 8 – Complaints & Product Recall

  • Chapter 9 – Self Inspection

  • (PIC/S GMP Guide available at

PIC/S GMP GuideAnnexes

  • Sterile Medicinal Products

  • Biological Products for Human use

  • Radiopharmaceuticals

  • Veterinary medicinal products other than immunologicals

  • Immunological veterinary medicinal products

  • Medicinal gases

  • Herbal medicinal products

  • Sampling of starting and packaging materials

  • (PIC/S GMP Guide available at

PIC/S GMP GuideAnnexes

  • Liquids, creams & ointments

  • Pressurized metered dose aerosol products

  • Computerised systems

  • Ionising radiation

  • Investigational medicinal products

  • Products derived from human blood or human plasma

  • Qualification and validation

  • [Qualified person and batch release]

  • Parametric release

  • Reference and retention samples

  • Quality Risk Management (voluntary)(identical to ICH Q9)

  • (PIC/S GMP Guide available at

Recent Changes

  • Changes to the PIC/S GMP Guide since 2006:

    • “Product Quality Review” (cl. 1.4).

    • “Quality Risk Management” (cl. 1.5, 1.6; new Annex 20).

    • “On-going Stability Program” (cl. 6.23 - 6.33).

    • “Counterfeiting” (cl. 8.7- 8.8).

    • Significant changes to Annex 1 (Sterile Medicinal Products).

    • New Annex 19 on “Reference Samples & Retention Samples”.

    • New Annex 20 on “Quality Risk Management”.

      Many of these discussed on PharmOut’s “GMP & Validation” Blog at:

Useful PIC/S Aide Memoires

Whilst PIC/S Aide Memoires are written for GMP inspectors, they can be very useful for a company’s internal audits.

  • Aide Memoire on Inspection of UtilitiesSept’07

  • Aide Memoire on Inspection of PackagingJan’09

  • Aide Memoire on Inspection of QC LaboratoriesSept’07

  • Aide Memoire on Inspection of APIsJan’09

  • Aide Memoire on Inspection of BiotechSept’07

  • Aide Memoire on Medicinal GasesSept’07

  • (All available at

Useful PIC/S Guidance Documents

  • Good Practices for Computerised SystemsSept’07

  • Validation (Master Plan, IQ, OQ, Process & Cleaning)Sept’07

  • Site Master File Preparation (Explanatory Notes)Sept’07

  • Guidance on Parametric ReleaseSept’07

  • Recommendations on Sterility TestingSept’07

  • Isolators for Aseptic Processing and Sterility TestingSept’07

  • Validation of Aseptic ProcessingJune’09

  • (All available at

PIC/S Training for GMP Inspectors

Training Seminars

Joint Visits Groups

Coached inspections

Expert Circle meetings

Recent PIC/S Training Seminars

BiotechnologyFrance, 2000

Inspection of Utilities Czech Rep, 2001

Interface between GCP and GMPCanada, 2002

Inspection of QC laboratoriesSlovak Rep, 2003

Inspection of APIsSpain, 2004

Packaging/Labelling/Prevention of Mix-upsRomania, 2005

Risk ManagementGermany, 2006

Inspection of Solid Dosage FormsSingapore, 2007

Inspection of GDPPoland, 2008*

Sterile Aseptic ManufacturingSweden, 2009

*120 participants from 40 different countries

(Booklets/CDs of Seminar proceedings available for purchase)

Representatives from Indonesia and Turkey participating in the PIC Seminar on Computer Systems, Sydney, September 1996

Future PIC/S Seminars

  • Inspection of Traditional MedicinesMalaysia, 2010

  • Good Inspection PracticesSouth Africa, 2011

    (NB: Open to GMP inspectors only, including inspectors from non-PIC/S countries)

PIC/S Joint Visits

  • Started in 1987.

  • About 30 groups, with each group comprising 3 inspectors from 3 different countries.

  • 1 inspection per year per country.

  • Benefits:

    • for training purposes

    • for uniform GMP interpretation

    • for uniform inspection procedures

    • for mutual confidence

Coached Inspections

  • New initiative by PIC/S.

  • Started in September 2009.

  • 6 applicants to date – all inexperienced inspectors.

Expert Circle Groups

  • Human Blood and Tissues

  • Hospital Pharmacy

  • Computerized systems

  • APIs

  • Quality Risk Management

    Aim: - Develop draft guidance documents

    - Training in specialized field

PIC/S Relationship with EMEA

  • EMEA representative attends PIC/S Committee meetings as an observer

  • PIC/S-EU liaison officer attends EU Inspectors’ meetings at EMEA as an observer

  • A harmonised consultation procedure:

    • EU & PIC/S usually adopt each other’s GMP Guides & guidance documents

  • An “Associated Partnership” in place

Liaison with other organisations

  • WHOCo-operation with PQ (Prequalification of Medicines) and IVB (Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals)

  • EDQM(The European Department for the Quality of Medicines) – An “Associated Partnership” in place

  • ICH(participation in the development of ICH Guidelines)

  • UNICEF- An “Associated Partnership” in place

  • European Commission (DG SANCO, DG Enterprise)

PIC/S Executive Bureau (2010)

  • PIC/S Executive Bureau:

    • ChairmanT Gråberg (MPA, Sweden)

    • 1st Dep. ChairmanH Baião (INFARMED, Portugal)

    • 2nd Dep. ChairmanJ Gouws (MCC, South Africa)

    • MemberV Revithi (EOF, Greece)

    • MemberP Hargreaves (MHRA, UK)

    • MemberM Boon (HSA, Singapore)

    • MemberJ Holy (ISCVBM, Czech Republic)

PIC/S contact details

PIC/S Secretariat

14, Rue du Roveray

CH - 1207 Geneva





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