The Blues. The blues is a 12 bar structure The blues is a combination of West African Rhythms, Call and Response pattern, And Western European chord structure. The blues evolution began on Beale Street in Memphis Tennessee Beale Street is the Broadway of Blues music.
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The blues is a combination of West African Rhythms,
Call and Response pattern, And Western European chord structure.
The blues evolution began on Beale Street in Memphis Tennessee
Beale Street is the Broadway of Blues music
Blue Notes add color and texture to a song, extra added harmony
The blues scale is 1 b3 4 #4 5 b7 1.
This is the primary scale all blues musicians use
The 12 bar blues structure became standard in the 1920’s.
This structure influenced rock and roll.
Is the same structure for rock and roll songsThe Blues
Blues and Country music got their start around the same time in the early 20th century
Blues was “race” music
Country was “hillbilly” music
First Blues song was Memphis Blues by W. C. Handy, recorded in 1912
Country Blues was first started in the south, used slide guitar.
Leadbelly, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Blind Blake were first county blues artists.
Artists sang Solo, on banjo or guitar was big influence on Delta blues
Delta Blues from Mississippi Delta
slide guitar, harmonica
best delta blues musician was Robert JohnsonThe Blues
Memphis blues in the early 20 was established in Memphis Tennessee
Influenced by Jug bands. Washboards, fiddles, kazoo, mandolin
Memphis blues musicians moved to Chicago and created Chicago blues or Urban Blues
Used electric instruments.
Muddy Waters and John Lee Hooker were important Chicago blues musicians
Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, popular female blues singers of the 1920’s
Mamie Smith was first black woman to record a blues song in 1920
called Crazy Blues. 75,000 copies sold in the first month of release
MA Rainey was the mother of the blues.The Blues
Jump blues in the early 20 was started in Kansas City by Big Joe Turner
Influenced by Stride Piano version of ragtime music
direct influence on Boogie Woogie early rock and roll of Little Richard and Jerry lee Lewis
B.B. King is most influential and important modern blues guitarist
influenced musicians like Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Eric Clapton
Albert King, Buddy Guy influential modern day blues musicians
Had major influence on British rock and rollers like Rolling Stones, Cream,
Lead Zeppelin, Jimmi HendrixThe Blues
Texas rock and roll was influenced by Texas blues musicians like Stevie Ray Vaughn.
Influenced Southern rock bands like ZZ top, Lynard Skynard, Doobie Brothers
The movie The Blues Brothers was released in 1980 Was an important movie about the blues
featured blues music and blues musicians.
Created a renewed interest in blues music and restarted the careers of many blues artists.
W.C. Handy award is the award for best blues artists,
is the Grammy for Blues musicThe Blues
Started to learn the guitar, switched to trumpet like Stevie Ray Vaughn.
Age 23 led his own band, performed at the Chicago Worlds Fair in 1893
Toured the county until 1900 Accepted teaching position at Alabama Agriculture and Mechanical College for Negroes.
Only Negro college in Alabama
1903 resigned from teaching for lack of pay. Started touring again
1909 moved to Memphis, recorded Memphis Blues in 1912
Became music publisher in 1917 because blacks could not get music published
Moved to New York City to open publishing company
Published Beale street blues and Kansas City Blues
1920 opened Handy record CompanyW. C. Handy
In 1926 became an author.
Wrote anthologies of blues music
Wrote 5 books
1929 St. Louis Blues was made into a movie starring Bessie Smith
Was considered one of the worlds greatest musicians and song writersW. C. Handy
First public performance was at age 14
1904 joined the Rabbit Foot Minstrels
1912 met Bessie Smith, took her under her wing
Trained her in stage presence and how to be a performer
out spoken supported of women’s rights
1923 made her first recordings
Signed with Paramount records, recorded 100 songs
Great Depression hurt her career, retired in 1933Ma Rainey
1923 Joined the TOBA
First big hit was Down Hearted Blues
Became highest paid black performer
Was the Madonna or Beyonce of her time
1929 performed in her first Broadway play
1929 stared in the movie St Louis Blues
A “talkie” movie that was written with her in mind to star in
1933 signed with Okeh music label was paid $37.50 per recording
Recorded with the likes of Louis Armstrong and Benny GoodmanBessie Smith
Since she was black she was forced to go to a segregated Afro- Hospital
that was 4 hours away from crash site
instead of the white hospital that was 45 mins away.
Arm was amputated and died from complication
recanted in the book Death of Bessie Smith in 1959Bessie Smith
Did not start recording until 1935
influenced many modern musicians like Eric Clapton, Led Zeppelin, Rolling Stones
Recorded only 29 songs total of 42 tracks, over 2 day period in San Antonio Texas
Most famous song was Sweet Home Chicago
legend says he sold his soul to the Devil at the crossroads
US 61 and US 49 in Mississippi
considered greatest blues singers of all timesRobert Johnson
used bass strings on his guitar for melody
this is opposite of usual guitar playing
Many musicians have recorded his songs.
Movies like The Blues Brothers, O Brother, Where Art Thou, and Crossroads have cameo story lines on his lifeRobert Johnson
Thrown in jail for killing man in a bar fight.
Would be in and out of prison most of his life
Was stabbed in prison and survived. Which is how he got his nick name
1930 was discovered by Alan Lomax while in prison
Recorded his music for book history of the blues
Wrote a song to the governor of Louisiana
He liked the song so much was granted parole
1934 moved to New York
Recorded with American Record Company
1939 back in prison for assult, 15th time in jailLead Belly
1949 European tour
Diagnosed with Lou Gerigs disease
Wrote huge song book for folk and blues music
Has been recorded by thousands of musicians
Wrote famous songs like
House of the Rising SunLead Belly
won award for best blues singer in 1945
Worked as a bouncer, bartender and singer in Kansas city
Teamed up with piano player Pete Johnson to create the fist jump blues band
Worked with Johnson well into the 1950’s
Went on Alan Freed Tours with Fats Domino, the Clovers, Bo Diddley and other pioneers of rock and roll
Last hit was The 1983 album Blues TrainBig Joe Turner
direct influence on rock and roll
1960’s rock stars site him as major influence because of his singing and playing
Influenced major rock stars of the 60’s to present
He created the Power Trio setting
influenced Chuck Berry and other rock stars
Rolling stones named their band after one of his hit songs.
Led Zepplin recorded his song Whole Lotta Love
Influnence on AC/DC, The Who, The Beatles, Nirvana, etcMuddy Waters
Known for his dramatic lyrics
sang in the movie the blues brothers
1989 received a Grammy award for his album the healer
recorded over 100 albums
Star on the Hollywood walk of fame in 1991
Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Has 2 songs on top 500 songs of all time
Inducted into the blues hall of fame
2000 Grammy award for life time achievementJohn Lee Hooker
First major hit in 1969 with The Thrill is Gone
Opening act for the Rolling stones
from 1951-1985 appeared on Bill board top 10 charts 74 times
1988 performed with U2 on Rattle and Hum
2000 performed with Eric Clapton on Riding with the King
2003 performed with Phish
2006 age of 80- European tour
Huge influence on modern day guitarists and rock musicians
1990 received national Medal of Arts
2004 PHD from University of Mississippi
2006 Presidential Medal of Freedom
14 Grammy Awards
number 3 on the list of 100 greatest guitar players
Favorite singer is Frank SinatraB. B. King
Bridge between blues and rock and roll
Huge influence on Stevie Ray Vaughn, Clapton, Zeppelin, Hendrix, Rolling Stones,
Used distortion, and feed back (like Hendrix)
Buddy Guy was to blues what Elvis was to Rock
Inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
5 Grammy awards
23 W. C. Handy awards
Billboard Musician of the Century award
Congressional Medal of ArtsBuddy Guy